Jared Houghtaling

University of Washington Seattle, Seattle, Washington, United States

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Publications (5)24.28 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Conventional lateral flow tests (LFTs), the current standard bioassay format used in low-resource point-of-care (POC) settings, have limitations that have held back their application in the testing of low concentration analytes requiring high sensitivity and low limits of detection. LFTs use a premix format for a rapid one-step delivery of premixed sample and labeled antibody to the detection region. We have compared the signal characteristics of two types of reagent delivery formats in a model system of a sandwich immunoassay for malarial protein detection. The premix format produced a uniform binding profile within the detection region. In contrast, decoupling the delivery of sample and labeled antibody to the detection region in a sequential format produced a nonuniform binding profile in which the majority of the signal was localized to the upstream edge of the detection region. The assay response was characterized in both the sequential and premix formats. The sequential format had a 4- to 10-fold lower limit of detection than the premix format, depending on assay conjugate concentration. A mathematical model of the assay quantitatively reproduced the experimental binding profiles for a set of rate constants that were consistent with surface plasmon resonance measurements and absorbance measurements of the experimental multivalent malaria system.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Analytical Chemistry
  • Jared Houghtaling · Tinny Liang · Gregory Thiessen · Elain Fu
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    ABSTRACT: A capability that is key to increasing the performance of paper microfluidic devices is control of fluid transport in the devices. We present dissolvable bridges as a novel method of manipulating fluid volumes within paper-based devices. We demonstrate and characterize the operation of the bridges, including tunability of the volumes passed from 10 μL to 80 μL, using parameters such as geometry and composition. We further demonstrate the utility of dissolvable bridges in the important context of automated delivery of different volumes of a fluid from a common source to multiple locations in a device for simple device loading and activation.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2013 · Analytical Chemistry
  • P Spicar-Mihalic · B Toley · J Houghtaling · T Liang · P Yager · E Fu
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a method for fabricating paper-based microfluidic devices using a commercially available CO2 laser system. The method is versatile and allows for controlled through-cutting and ablative etching of nitrocellulose substrates. In addition, the laser system can cut a variety of components that are useful in the fabrication of paper-based devices, including cellulose wicking pads, glass fiber source pads and Mylar-based substrates for the device housing.
    No preview · Article · May 2013 · Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering
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    ABSTRACT: The lateral flow test has become the standard bioassay format in low-resource settings because it is rapid, easy to use, and low in cost, uses reagents stored in dry form, and is equipment-free. However, lateral flow tests are often limited to a single chemical delivery step and not capable of the multistep processing characteristic of high performance laboratory-based assays. To address this limitation, we are developing a paper network platform that extends the conventional lateral flow test to two dimensions; this allows incorporation of multistep chemical processing, while still retaining the advantages of conventional lateral flow tests. Here, we demonstrate this format for an easy-to-use, signal-amplified sandwich format immunoassay for the malaria protein PfHRP2. The card contains reagents stored in dry form such that the user need only add sample and water. The multiple flows in the device are activated in a single user step of folding the card closed; the configuration of the paper network automatically delivers the appropriate volumes of (i) sample plus antibody conjugated to a gold particle label, (ii) a rinse buffer, and (iii) a signal amplification reagent to the capture region. These results highlight the potential of the paper network platform to enhance access to high-quality diagnostic capabilities in low-resource settings in the developed and developing worlds.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2012 · Analytical Chemistry
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    ABSTRACT: Point-of-care diagnostic assays that are rapid, easy-to-use, and low-cost are needed for use in low-resource settings; the lateral flow test has become the standard bioassay format in such settings because it meets those criteria. However, for a number of analytes, conventional lateral flow tests lack the sensitivity needed to have clinical utility. To address this limitation, we are developing a paper network platform that extends the conventional lateral flow test to two dimensions. The two-dimensional structures allow incorporation of multistep processes for improved sensitivity, while still retaining the positive aspects of conventional lateral flow tests. Here we create an easy-to-use, signal-amplified immunoassay based on a modified commercial strip test for human chorionic gonadotropin, the hormone used to detect pregnancy, and demonstrate an improved limit of detection compared to a conventional lateral flow assay. These results highlight the potential of the paper network platform to enhance access to high-quality diagnostic capabilities in low-resource settings in the developed and developing worlds.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2011 · Analytical Chemistry