[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study describes the application and optimization of a newly developed specific gold nanoparticle (AuNP) visual detection method to detect a reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) product of Taura syndrome virus (TSV) in shrimp with simple and cheaper in comparison to conventional gel electrophoresis. Briefly, the visual detection method is based on prevention of a salt induced DNA-labelled AuNP colour change from red to blue–purple due to hybridization with complementary DNA amplicons that arise from a positive TSV RT-LAMP reaction. RT-LAMP combined with visual amplicon detection using the DNA-labelled AuNP-probe had high sensitivity and the probe did not cross react with amplicons obtained using specific LAMP methods with other shrimp viruses. The advantages of this assay include simplicity, short analysis time and low-cost, suitable for field laboratory applications.
Full-text · Article · Dec 2013 · Aquaculture Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the most devastating chronic infectious diseases, but the role of host genetics in disease development after infection in this disease remains unidentified. Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) in Thais and Japanese were carried out and separately analyzed, attempted replication, then, combined by meta-analysis were not yielding any convincing association evidences; these results suggested that moderate to high effect-size genetic risks are not existed for TB per se. Because of failure in replication attempt of the top 50 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) identified form meta-analysis data, we empirically split TB cases into young TB case/control data sets (GWAS-T(young)=137/295 and GWAS-J(young)=60/249) and old TB case/control data sets (GWAS-T(old)=300/295 and GWAS-J(old)=123/685), re-analyzed GWAS based on age-stratified data and replicated the significant findings in two independent replication samples (young TB; Rep-T(young)=155/249, Rep-J(young)=41/462 and old TB; Rep-T(old)=212/187, Rep-J(old)=71/619). GWAS and replication studies conducted in young TB identified at-risk locus in 20q12. Although the locus is located in inter-genic region, the nearest genes (HSPEP1-MAFB) from this locus are promising candidates for TB susceptibility. This locus was also associated with anti-TNF responsiveness, drug with increased susceptibility for TB. Moreover, eight SNPs in an old TB meta-analysis and six SNPs in young TB meta-analysis provided replication evidences but did not survive genome-wide significance.These findings suggest that host genetic risks for TB are affected by age at onset of TB, and this approach may accelerate the identification of the major host factors that affect TB in human populations.
No preview · Article · May 2012 · Journal of Human Genetics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Laem-Singh virus (LSNV) was discovered recently in Thailand in farmed Giant Tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) displaying signs of slow growth syndrome. Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) allows DNA to be amplified rapidly at a constant temperature. Here a reverse transcription (RT)-LAMP method was combined with a chromatographic lateral-flow dipstick (LFD) to detect LSNV RNA rapidly and specifically. The reaction was optimized at 65°C for 30 min and amplified DNA hybridized to an FITC-labeled oligonucleotide probe for 5 min was detected at LFD test line 5 min after application. Including 10 min for rapid RNA extraction, test results could be generated within 1h and did not require electrophoresis. Compared to an existing RT-PCR method, the RT-LAMP-LFD was also ∼1000-fold more sensitive in detecting LSNV RNA.
Full-text · Article · Oct 2011 · Journal of virological methods
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chromosome 5q31 spans the T helper (Th) 2-related cytokine gene cluster, which is potentially important in Th1/Th2 immune responses. The chromosome 5q23.2-31.3 has been recently identified as a region with suggestive evidence of linkage to tuberculosis in the Asian population. With the aim of fine-mapping a putative tuberculosis susceptibility locus, we investigated a family-based association test between the dense single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers within chromosome 5q31 and tuberculosis in 205 Thai trio families. Of these, 75 SNPs located within candidate genes covering SLC22A4, SLC22A5, IRF1, IL5, RAD50, IL13, IL4, KIF3A and SEPT8 were genotyped using the DigiTag2 assay. Association analysis revealed the most significant association with tuberculosis in haplotypes comprising SNPs rs274559, rs274554 and rs274553 of SLC22A5 gene (P(Global)=2.02 x 10(-6)), which remained significant after multiple testing correction. In addition, two haplotypes within the SLC22A4 and KIF3A region were associated with tuberculosis. Haplotypes of SLC22A5 were significantly associated with the expression levels of RAD50 and IL13. The results show that the variants carried by the haplotypes of SLC22A4, SLC22A5 and KIF3A region potentially contribute to tuberculosis susceptibility among the Thai population.
Full-text · Article · Jul 2010 · Genes and immunity
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A molecular epidemiological study of the gag p17 and env-V3 regions on HIV-infected drug users and blood donors was carried out in northern Thailand from 1998 through 2002 to determine the predominant subtype and consensus sequence (CS) for circulating HIV-1 strains. CRF01_AE was concluded to be a predominant strain and the nucleotide CSs in gag p17 and env-V3 showed only 1.26% and no difference from CS in the Los Alamos database, respectively. Our env-V3 CS was identical to the previously published CSs, suggesting that the CS was very conserved from 1990 through 2002 in Thailand. Gag p17 and env-V3 nucleotide sequences of seroconvertors in our subjects were quite similar to the CS and conserved for at least 9 and 6 years postinfection, respectively. These results suggest that the CS approach to the HIV-1 antigen design could overcome HIV diversity and help us develop an effective HIV/AIDS vaccine.
No preview · Article · Apr 2004 · AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses