[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hip fracture patients have, in several studies, been shown to have excessive mortality. There is, however, a lack of mortality data, in comparison to incidence data, from the last decade in particular.
To study short- and long-term mortality in a population-based cohort of hip fracture patients over the last decade and compare it to the background population.
Fragility hip fracture patients in the two most southern counties in Norway who experienced fractures in 2004 and 2005 were studied. For each patient, three controls were randomly recruited from the background population matched for age, sex, and residency. Overall, age-, gender-, and group-specific mortality rates were calculated.
A total of 942 (267 male and 675 female) patients with a fragility hip fracture were identified. In the hip fracture patients, overall mortality rate after 1 year was 21.3% (males 30.7% and females 19.1%, P < 0.005) and, after 5 years, 59.0% (males 70.0% and females 54.6%, P < 0.005). The corresponding figures for matched controls were 5.6% (males 5.9%, females 5.4%, P = 0.6) and 24.9% (males 25.9%, females 24.5%, P = 0.4), respectively. A statistically significant difference was seen in the log-rank statistical analysis between hip fracture patients and controls, both in males (P < 0.0005) and females (P < 0.0005), and for age groups 50-80 years (P < 0.0005) and 80 years and older (P < 0.0005).
Mortality in males and females with hip fractures is high not only in the first year after fracture, but remains higher than in the background population during 5 years of follow-up. The high mortality in hip fracture patients remains a challenge both in middle-aged and elderly individuals. Optimization of post-fracture treatment and care could reduce mortality of hip fracture in middle-aged and elderly individuals.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Distal radius is one of the most frequent sites for fractures in the elderly population. Despite this, there is a paucity of epidemiological data for distal radius fracture, in particular, distinguishing between high- and low-energy fractures. Our aim was to study the epidemiology of high- and low-energy distal radius fracture in middle-aged and elderly men and women in Southern Norway, and search for associates with high- or low-energy distal radius fracture in this population.
Patients with distal radius fractures aged ≥ 50 years were identified from all four hospitals in Southern Norway between 2004 and 2005. Age-adjusted and age-specific incidence rates for men and women were calculated, and potential associates with high- and low-energy distal radius fracture were explored both in univariate and multivariate analyses. A total of 799 individuals (118 men and 681 women) aged ≥ 50 years with low-energy and 84 (48 men and 36 women) with high-energy distal radius fracture were identified. The overall age-adjusted incidence rate per 10,000 person-years was 18.9 for men (low energy, 12.8 vs. high-energy, 6.1) and 75.1 for women (low energy, 71.1 vs. high energy, 4.0). In multivariate model, younger age, male gender, summer season, and living in a rural area were independently associated with an increased risk of high-energy fracture.
An approximately fourfold higher age-adjusted incidence rate for distal radius fracture was found among women, when compared with men. However, the proportion of patients with high-energy distal radius fracture was approximately fivefold higher in men than in women. Our data suggest that younger age, male gender, summer seasons, and living in rural areas are independent risk factors for increased risk of high-energy distal radius fracture.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hip fracture contributes to increased morbidity and mortality in the elderly population. As the average age of the population is increasing, the burden of hip fracture on the health-care system is a growing challenge. The highest incidence of hip fracture worldwide has been reported from Scandinavia in fact from Oslo the capital of Norway. During the last decades, efforts have been undertaken to reduce hip fracture risk.
To study the incidence of fragility hip fracture in southern Norway.
A validated retrospective epidemiological study.
All patients with fragility hip fractures aged 50 years or older in 2004 and 2005 in southern Norway.
The hip fracture patients were identified from the four hospitals (Kristiansand, Arendal, Flekkefjord and Mandal) located in the two most southern counties in Norway, Vest-Agder and Aust-Agder County. Age-adjusted and age-specific incidence rates for men and women were calculated. We also explored for seasonal variations and differences between rural and urban areas.
A total of 951 (271 men, 680 women) individuals aged ≥50 years with hip fracture were identified. The age-adjusted incidence rate was 34.6 for men and 75.8 for women per 10,000 person-years. Age specific incidence rates were significantly higher in women than in men but only for age groups between 70 and 90 years.
Age-adjusted incidence of hip fracture in men and women in southern Norway is the lowest reported from Norway and among the lowest in Scandinavia. No differences were seen between rural and urban areas. The number of fragility hip fractures was statistically significant higher in winter compared with the other seasons.