[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Today, an increasing number of total hip arthroplasty (THA) procedures are being performed. Osseointegration is a physiological phenomenon that leads to the direct anchorage of an implant by the formation of bony tissue around the implant without the growth of fibrous tissue at the bone-implant interface. Several factors may affect this phenomenon: some of these depend on the patient and others may depend on implant design and materials. Variations in periprosthetic bone mineral density (BMD) can be studied through several scans by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) around the femoral stem.
The purpose of this study is to investigate correlations between periprosthetic BMD and the factors affecting osseointegration.
We retrospectively analysed patients who underwent primary THA. In all the patients, Trabecular Metal Primary (TMP), a standard uncemented tapered stem with a proximal porous tantalum coating, was implanted. Preoperatively, postoperatively, 3 and 6 months, 1 year and 2 years after implantation, DEXA scans were performed around the femoral stem. The patients were matched for diagnosis, sex, BMD of the lumbar spine and contralateral femur, Body Mass Index and age.
One hundred and eight patients (51 males and 57 females) with a mean age of 73 years were studied. Different BMD changing patterns were observed and a greater bone resorption was noted in all the conditions associated with poor bone quality.
The proximal coating of Trabecular Metal Primary (TMP) seemed to be effective in promoting new bone formation in the proximal femur also in the conditions associated with poor bone quality.
At the present time, DEXA is considered the most reliable tool for evaluating bone remodelling after THA.
No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Aging - Clinical and Experimental Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Currently, an increasing number of younger patients undergo total hip arthroplasty surgery. This has led to a minimal invasive approach and the use of short, bone preserving, femoral stems. In this study, we sought to evaluate osseointegration of the Fitmore stem (Zimmer, Inc; Warsaw, IN) during the first 12 mo after surgery, which reflects the biological phenomenon of osseointegration with radiographic evaluation and bone densitometry (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry). We evaluated 33 patients (mean age 62.3) using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scan around the stem and X-ray. Moreover, we studied functional recovery using the Harris Hip Score, timed up and go test, and a quality of life form (SF-36), during the follow-up period. At 12 mo, we observed an increased periprosthetic bone mineral density in region of interest 1 (1.7%) and region of interest 7 (8.3%), where there is usually a greater amount of bone resorption. Also Harris Hip Score, timed up and go test, and SF-36 showed an improvement of clinical conditions of all patients. We also used a control group with a standard stem implanted. Because this is the first study correlating osseointegration and clinical outcome of the Fitmore stem, further clinical studies will be necessary to confirm good/positive results and a long stable fixation.
No preview · Article · Apr 2014 · Journal of Clinical Densitometry
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In the last years, the number of total hip arthroplasty is increased both in young patients and elderly with a poor bone quality due to extension of surgical indications. According to this trend, also revision surgery showed a growth of its number, especially in elderly patients, because of implant loosening, failed osseointegration of prosthetic components, errors in biomechanical restoration and infections. The aim of this study is to analyze life quality improvement through evaluation of articular functionality and postoperative pain, and to examine osseointegration of implant components with periprosthetic bone. During total hip arthroplasty revision, the orthopedic surgeon often has to face complex cases, especially in elderly patients with a preexisting status of poor bone quality and sarcopenia. In these cases, a correct planning and a surgical procedure well-executed are able to ensure a good outcome that led to pain relief and functional recovery. Furthermore anti-osteoporotic therapy surely represents a useful resource both in primary total hip arthroplasty and in revisions, mainly for elderly patients with a poor bone quality.
No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Aging - Clinical and Experimental Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Population aging causes an inevitable increase in age-related pathologies, including osteoporosis. Fragility fractures may have important consequences with a significant socio-economic impact. Thus, a comprehensive approach through adequate evidence-based diagnostic and therapeutic means is mandatory, as well as the implementation of tertiary prevention aiming to the reduction of the risk of subsequent fractures.
No preview · Article · Dec 2011 · Archivio di Ortopedia e Reumatologia
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The deepening knowledge about bone pathophysiology, together with the development of less invasive bone implants, fitted for the treatment of fragility fractures, the continuous advances in the creation of osteoconductive and osteoinductive biomaterials, the availability of bone active agents, capable of modulating fracture healing, actually represent the orthopaedic "weapons" to improve the surgical outcome and quality of life in patients with osteoporosis. (Aging Clin Exp Res 2011; 23 (Suppl. to No. 2): 54-56) (C) 2011, Editrice Kurtis
No preview · Article · Apr 2011 · Aging clinical and experimental research