Xian Ding

Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, 北江, Zhejiang Sheng, China

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Publications (3)8.82 Total impact

  • Jikun Du · Li Li · Xian Ding · Haiyan Hu · Yongjun Lu · Shining Zhou
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    ABSTRACT: Cyanophycin is non-ribosomally synthesized protein-like copolymer. Synthesis of cyanophycin is catalyzed by cyanophycin synthetase (CphA). In this study, a novel cyanophycin synthetase CphA49 belonging to NOR5 clade of Gammaproteobacteria was identified with primer-based screening from a deep-sea sediment metagenomic library. The cphA49 gene contained an open reading frame of 2,637 bp and encoded a protein with a predicted molecular mass of 100 kDa. A recombinant CphA49 was obtained by the functional expression of cphA49 in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3). The biochemical properties of the purified CphA49 were determined. The optimum pH and temperature of the recombinant CphA49 were 9.0 and 40 °C, respectively. The enzyme was stable at temperatures below 40 °C. The recombinant CphA49 exhibited strict primer dependency and broad substrate specificities. Cyanophycin catalyzed by CphA49 exhibited homogenous molecular mass. The amino acid composition of cyanophycin was determined and constitutes arginine, aspartic acid, and lysine.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    Jikun Du · Kai Xiao · Li Li · Xian Ding · Helu Liu · Yongjun Lu · Shining Zhou
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    ABSTRACT: Bacteria are recognized as important drivers of biogeochemical processes in all aquatic ecosystems. Temporal and geographical patterns in ocean bacterial communities have been observed in many studies, but the temporal and spatial patterns in the bacterial communities from the South China Sea remained unexplored. To determine the spatiotemporal patterns, we generated 16S rRNA datasets for 15 samples collected from the five regularly distributed sites of the South China Sea in three seasons (spring, summer, winter). A total of 491 representative sequences were analyzed by MOTHUR, yielding 282 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) grouped at 97% stringency. Significant temporal variations of bacterial diversity were observed. Richness and diversity indices indicated that summer samples were the most diverse. The main bacterial group in spring and summer samples was Alphaproteobacteria, followed by Cyanobacteria and Gammaproteobacteria, whereas Cyanobacteria dominated the winter samples. Spatial patterns in the samples were observed that samples collected from the coastal (D151, D221) waters and offshore (D157, D1512, D224) waters clustered separately, the coastal samples harbored more diverse bacterial communities. However, the temporal pattern of the coastal site D151 was contrary to that of the coastal site D221. The LIBSHUFF statistics revealed noticeable differences among the spring, summer and winter libraries collected at five sites. The UPGMA tree showed there were temporal and spatial heterogeneity of bacterial community composition in coastal waters of the South China Sea. The water salinity (P=0.001) contributed significantly to the bacteria-environment relationship. Our results revealed that bacterial community structures were influenced by environmental factors and community-level changes in 16S-based diversity were better explained by spatial patterns than by temporal patterns.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2013 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to screen for novel quorum-sensing inhibitors (QSIs) from traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) that inhibit bacterial biofilm formation. Six of 46 active components found in TCMs were identified as putative QSIs based on molecular docking studies. Of these, three compounds inhibited biofilm formation by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia at a concentration of 200 µM. A fourth compound (emodin) significantly inhibited biofilm formation at 20 µM and induced proteolysis of the quorum-sensing signal receptor TraR in Escherichia coli at a concentration of 3-30 mM. Emodin also increased the activity of ampicillin against P. aeruginosa. Therefore, emodin might be suitable for development into an antivirulence and antibacterial agent.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2011 · Journal of Medical Microbiology