[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Basal like breast cancer is a heterogeneous subtype having poor disease free and overall survival and distinct type of recurrence and metastasis, identified by gene expression profile study. Current chemotherapy fails to curtail the innate aggressive behavior in the majority of patients. The poor prognosis coupled with a lack of targeted use of therapies is reflected in the high mortality. Future research work will be directed upon better understanding of this entity for tailored therapy.
(APALM, July-Sept. 2014)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Primary peritoneal serous carcinoma (PPSC) is a rare primary malignancy that diffusely involves the peritoneum, indistinguishable clinically and histopathologically from primary serous ovarian carcinoma. The origin of PPSC has not been well characterized. Here we present a case of PPSC diagnosed in ultrasonography-guided fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) in a 76- old female presenting with ascites, abdominal pain, distension and constipation. PPSC is an unusual tumour but cytomorphology is distinctive enough to diagnose preoperatively. In the case report hereby described PPSC is an inoperable malignancy, hence chemotherapy and palliative care are the only offered treatment.
No preview · Article · May 2014 · Indian Journal of Palliative Care
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
The study was designed to assess the atherosclerotic lesions in coronary arteries in cases subjected to autopsy to grade by applying Modified American Heart Association (AHA) classification, evaluate the atheromatous & vulnerable plaques to find out the to age and sex related prevalence of atherosclerosis in the semi-urban & urban population of Jamnagar, a district in Western India.
Material & methods:
Autopsy was conducted on 264 cases whose age ranged from 8-79 years, by the conventional technique; heart was removed & dissected along the direction of blood flow. Microscopic assessment of the three main coronary arteries was done.
According to Modified AHA classification of atherosclerosis, maximum number of cases were in the 40-49 years age group. Intimal xanthoma was the most common type in all three coronary arteries. The number of males was 168(64%) and females was 96(36%). 59% males & 52% female were affected from atherosclerosis. An intermediate lesion was noted commonly in young individuals (10-39 years) and older individuals (40-79 years) were 46% & 41% respectively. Pathological Intimal thickening was more common in left anterior descending coronary artery compared to others. Thin fibrous cap atheroma was more common in Left circumflex artery than compared to Left anterior descending artery & Right coronary artery.
The study highlights the impact of atherosclerotic lesions in the population of Jamnagar, a district in Gujarat state of Western India. The increased amount of intermediate atherosclerotic lesions found in the young population gives an indication that anti-atherogenic preventive measures and drastic dietary & life style modification need to be implemented in young individuals, this will help to prevent coronary artery disease from causing premature death that lead to huge financial burden on the economy and health sector of India.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Primary nerve sheath tumors in an intrascrotal and extratesticular location are extremely rare, with only a few cases reported in the literature. We report a fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC)-diagnosed and histologically confirmed case of paratesticular schwannoma in a 32-year-old male. The patient had no evidence of neurofibromatosis and there was a pre-operative cytologic suspicion of leiomyoma as well. A palpable left-sided inguinal lymph node showed features of reactive lymphoid hyperplasia. This case is documented to highlight the rarity of paratesticular schwannoma and the role of FNAC in its pre-operative interpretation.
No preview · Article · Jan 2010 · Journal of Cytology