[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: 594 patients with Hodgkin's disease were treated from 1983 to 1993 at the Department of Radiotherapy and Institute of Hematology, "La Sapienza" University, Rome, Italy. 385 patients presented mediastinal involvement; CT and/or chest radiography showed residual mediastinal masses in 96 of them (25%). In this study we included only the patients treated after 1986; they were examined with MRI of the chest (24 patients) and 67Gallium scintigraphy of the mediastinum (44 patients) with or without SPECT, combined with high-dose 67Ga in some cases. Eighteen patients underwent both MRI and 67Gallium scintigraphy. MR accuracy, sensitivity and specificity were respectively 75%, 86% and 86%; gallium scintigraphy had 86%, 77% and 93%. These data were confirmed by the results fo the subgroup of 18 patients submitted to both exams; MRI had higher sensitivity (80% vs. 75%) and lower specificity and accuracy (83% vs. 80% and 72% vs. 67, respectively) than 67Gallium scintigraphy. The predictive value of MR-scintigraphy agreement is high: indeed, no false negatives or false positives were observed when MR and scintigraphy results were in agreement.
No preview · Article · Jan 1996 · La radiologia medica
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: From 1965 through 1988, 113 patients affected with testicular seminoma were treated at the Dept. of Radiotherapy, University "La Sapienza", Rome, Italy. Mean age of the patients was 38 years; in 70 cases tumor developed in the right testis and in 43 in the left one. In 9 patients underlying cryptorchidism was observed. All cases underwent radical orchiectomy. Histology diagnosed anaplastic seminoma in 5 cases and pure seminoma in all the other patients. Structures were involved in 7 cases. Eighty-four patients were in stage I, 20 in stage IIA, 4 in IIB, 4 in IIIA, and 1 in stage IIIB. All patients staged as I and IIA were treated with exclusive radiotherapy on paraaortic lymph nodes and inguinal and iliac lymph nodes of the involved sites (total doses: 28-35 Gy in stage I and 34-40 Gy in stage IIA). Before 1970 these patients underwent prophylactic irradiation of mediastinum and of left supraclavicular lymph nodes (total dose: 25-28 Gy). Patients in stage IIB were administered subdiaphragmatic lymph nodes irradiation with inverted-Y field (total dose: 36-45 Gy). Two cases were irradiated also on mediastinum and left supraclavicular lymph nodes, and 2 received two cycles of polychemotherapy (PVB) before irradiation. Patients in stage IIIA underwent sub-/supra-diaphragmatic irradiation (total dose: 40-45 Gy, and 40-42 Gy). The case in stage IIIB underwent palliation chemotherapy and local irradiation. All cases in stages I, IIA and IIB obtained complete remission. Three cases of the 4 in stage IIIA obtained complete remission (75%), while 1 (25%) progressed and died 8 months after diagnosis; the only case in stage IIIB progressed and died after 7 months of follow-up. Two cases in stage I recurred (2.4%), 1 in the mediastinum and 1 in the left supraclavicular lymph nodes. Both were cured with salvage radiation therapy. Toxicity related to treatment was low. Two cases in stage I developed secondary malignant neoplasms, at 4 and 34 months of follow-up, respectively.
No preview · Article · Oct 1991 · La radiologia medica
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: From 1983 through 1989, 141 untreated patients with Hodgkin's disease underwent CT of the abdomen. They subsequently underwent staging laparotomy plus splenectomy and multiple biopsies of liver and lymph nodes, at the Institute of Radiology and Hematology, University "La Sapienza", Rome. CT results were compared with surgical findings to evaluate CT sensitivity, specificity, and overall accuracy. The cases from this series were divided into two groups depending on the characteristics of the CT scanners employed. From 1983 to 1985, 78 patients were examined with 2nd-generation CT units; from 1986 to 1989, 63 patients underwent CT performed with 3rd-generation scanners. The results from the two groups were analyzed according to these parameters. A total number of 622 biopsies were performed, of spleen, liver, and lymph nodes. CT sensitivity, specificity, and overall accuracy were: 22.9% (group I) vs 43.7% (group II), 83.1% vs 92%, and 68.4% vs 81.2% for lymph nodes; 28.1% vs 36.3%, 93.5% vs 98%, and 66.7% vs 87.3% for the spleen, and 12.5% vs 42.8%, 97.1% vs 98.2%, and 88.5% vs 92.1% for the liver. Our results demonstrate an obvious increase in reliability with newer units, even though a high percentage of false-negatives were still observed in our series, which caused understaging in 19.4% of cases vs 24.4% in group I.
No preview · Article · May 1991 · La radiologia medica