[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To study predisposing factors of endophthalmitis in patients with open-globe injury.
All 2,340 patients with open-globe injury admitted to our center over 5 years were studied retrospectively, and patients with endophthalmitis were compared with other patients.
The number of endophthalmitis cases among patients with open-globe injury was 117 eyes, accounting for an incidence of 5.1%. The risk of endophthalmitis was significantly higher among male patients with pure corneal injuries (6.8%), intraocular foreign bodies (9.3%), traumatic lens rupture (7.1%), trauma resulting from needles (22.2%), and shorter lacerations. The existence of hyphema or iris prolapse was associated with lower rates of endophthalmitis. The mean gap between injury time and operation time was longer in the endophthalmitis group (2.1 ± 1.8 vs. 1.1 ± 1.3 days). Patients with endophthalmitis had significantly lower ocular trauma scores compared with other patients.
Posttraumatic endophthalmitis is more likely among patients with open-globe injury that are needle related and among those who have intraocular foreign bodies, traumatic lens rupture, smaller wounds, or wounds exclusively in the cornea. Lower ocular trauma scores in this group of patients with penetrating trauma indicated a greater risk of poor visual prognosis. Therefore, it is suggested that necessary measures and immediate treatment be undertaken in high-risk patients.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose: To review characteristics of open-globe injuries presented to Farabi Eye Hospital, a large referral center for serious ocular injury in the capital city of Iran. PATIENTS AND Methods: A retrospective review of 2,340 open-globe injury patients during a 5-year period was performed. Data about any patient that was diagnosed as open-globe injury were collected from medical records. Results: Of 2,340 patients, 1,904 (81.4%) were men. Mean age was 22.44 -¦ 16.65 years (range, 4 months to 90 years). Seventy-five percent of cases were younger than 30 years, with a peak of 5 years. There were 561 patients who had an intraocular foreign body (24.7%). In patients younger than 16 years, a knife was the most prevalent cause (22%); in patients younger than 7 years, knives accounted for 33.6% of trauma etiology; and in patients more than 16 years, a projectile metallic foreign body was the most common cause, accounting for 27% of open-globe injuries. Endophthalmitis developed in 5.1% (117 cases). Factors that had a positive association with severity of ocular injury were visual acuity lower than 20/200 at admission, endophthalmitis, double perforation, and laceration length. According to Ocular Trauma Scoring, there was better visual prognosis in younger age groups, male sex, and intraocular foreign body groups. The rate of enucleation or evisceration was 5.3% (126 cases). We had a low sympathetic ophthalmia rate of 0.08%. Conclusion: The most prevalent trauma etiology is a projectile metallic foreign body in adults and a knife injury in children. Compared with other previous epidemiologic studies, we had younger patients, lower enucleations, and sympathetic ophthalmia. Copyright -¬ by Ophthalmic Communications Society, Inc