Mikio Hayashi

Japan Tobacco Inc., Edo, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (4)14.1 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: We evaluated the role of TRPV1 in bladder overactivity based on afferent nerve firing and urodynamic parameters using the selective TRPV1 antagonist JTS-653. Materials and methods: We evaluated the effects of JTS-653 on the increased pelvic nerve discharge and intravesical pressure induced by intravesical infusion of 100 μM capsaicin in anesthetized rats. The effects of JTS-653 on the urodynamic parameters of bladder overactivity induced by intravesical infusion of 30 nM resiniferatoxin or 0.2% acetic acid, or on normal bladder activity were evaluated by cystometry in conscious rats. The effects of JTS-653 on carbachol induced contraction were investigated using bladder muscle strips. Results: JTS-653 significantly suppressed the capsaicin induced increase in nerve discharge and intravesical pressure. Intravesical infusion of resiniferatoxin or acetic acid decreased the intercontraction interval and voided volume. JTS-653 significantly increased the intercontraction interval and voided volume in rats with resiniferatoxin or acetic acid induced bladder overactivity without affecting maximal voiding pressure. The antimuscarinic agent propiverine significantly decreased maximal voiding pressure but did not affect the intercontraction interval or voided volume in rats with acetic acid induced bladder overactivity. In normal rats JTS-653 showed no significant effects on the intercontraction interval, voided volume or maximal voiding pressure. JTS-653 did not affect carbachol induced contraction of the bladder muscle. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that TRPV1 is involved in bladder overactivity via afferent nerve activation but it is not associated with normal voiding function. A TRPV1 antagonist would be a useful drug for bladder overactivity with a different pharmacological profile than antimuscarinic agents.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2013 · The Journal of Urology
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    ABSTRACT: Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) activation in peripheral sensory nerve is known to be associated with various pain-related diseases, thus TRPV1 has been the focus as a target for drug discovery. In this study, we characterized the pharmacological profiles of (3S)-3-(hydroxymethyl)-4-(5-methylpyridin-2-yl)-N-[6-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)pyridin-3-yl]-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1,4]oxazine-8-carboxamide (JTS-653), a novel TRPV1 antagonist. JTS-653 displaced [(3)H]resiniferatoxin binding to human and rat TRPV1. JTS-653 competitively antagonized the capsaicin-induced activation of human TRPV1 with pA(2) values of 10.1. JTS-653 also inhibited proton-induced activation of human and rat TRPV1 with IC(50) values of 0.320 and 0.347 nM, respectively. Electrophysiological studies indicated that JTS-653 blocked heat-induced inward currents in rat TRPV1 with IC(50) values of 1.4 nM. JTS-653 showed weak or no inhibitory effects on other TRP channels, receptors, and enzymes. JTS-653 significantly prevented capsaicin-induced mechanical hyperalgesia at 1 mg/kg p.o. and attenuated carrageenan-induced mechanical hyperalgesia at 0.3 mg/kg p.o. JTS-653 significantly attenuated carrageenan-induced thermal hyperalgesia at 0.1 mg/kg p.o. and fully reversed at 0.3 mg/kg p.o. without affecting the volume of the carrageenan-treated paw. JTS-653 showed a transient increase of body temperature at 0.3 mg/kg p.o. These results indicated that JTS-653 is a highly potent and selective TRPV1 antagonist in vitro and in vivo and suggested that JTS-653 is one of the most potent TRPV1 antagonists. The profiles of JTS-653, high potency in vivo and transient hyperthermia, seem to be associated with polymodal inhibition of TRPV1 activation.
    Preview · Article · May 2012 · Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
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    ABSTRACT: Intermittent administration of parathyroid hormone (PTH) has a potent anabolic effect on bone in humans and animals. Calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) antagonists stimulate endogenous PTH secretion through CaSR on the surface of parathyroid cells and thereby may be anabolic agents for osteoporosis. JTT-305 is a potent oral short-acting CaSR antagonist and transiently stimulates endogenous PTH secretion. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of JTT-305 on PTH secretion and bone in ovariectomized rats. Female rats, immediately after ovariectomy (OVX), were orally administered vehicle or JTT-305 (0.3, 1, or 3 mg/kg) for 12 weeks. The serum PTH concentrations were transiently elevated with increasing doses of JTT-305. In the proximal tibia, JTT-305 prevented OVX-induced decreases in both the cancellous and total bone mineral density (BMD) except for the 0.3mg/kg dose. At the 3mg/kg dose, JTT-305 increased the mineralizing surface and bone formation rate in histomorphometry. The efficacy of JTT-305 at the 3mg/kg dose on the BMD corresponded to that of exogenous rat PTH1-84 injection at doses between 3 and 10 μg/kg. In conclusion, JTT-305 stimulated endogenous transient PTH secretion and bone formation, and consequently prevented bone loss in OVX rats. These results suggest that JTT-305 is orally active and has the potential to be an anabolic agent for the treatment of osteoporosis.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2011 · European journal of pharmacology
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    ABSTRACT: Short-acting oral calcilytics, calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) antagonists, have been considered as alternatives for parathyroid hormone (PTH), an injectable bone anabolic drug used in the treatment of osteoporosis. Previously, we identified aminopropandiol 1, which transiently stimulated endogenous PTH secretion in rats. However, the inhibition of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2D6 and the low bioavailability of 1 remain to be solved. Attempts to change the physicochemical properties of the highly lipophilic amine 1 by introduction of a carboxylic acid group as well as further structural modifications led to the discovery of the highly potent biphenylcarboxylic acid 15, with a markedly reduced CYP2D6 inhibition and a significantly improved bioavailability. Compound 15 evoked a rapid and transient elevation of endogenous PTH levels in rats after oral administration in a dose-dependent manner at a dose as low as 1 mg/kg. The PTH secretion pattern correlated with the pharmacokinetic profile and agreed well with that of the exogenous PTH injection which exerts a bone anabolic effect.Keywords (keywords): Calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) antagonist; calcilytics; PTH; short-acting; osteoporosis; cytochrome P450 inhibition
    No preview · Article · Dec 2010 · ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters