[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Piroxicam (PRX) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug characterized by a poorly water solubility and consequently by a low oral bioavailability. In this work, differentnanocrystal orally disintegrating tablets (ODT) were prepared to enhance piroxicam dissolution rate and saturation solubility. PRX nanocrystals were prepared by means of high pressure homogenization technique using poloxamer 188 as stabilizer. Three different ODTs were prepared with the same nanosuspensionusing different excipients in order to study their effect on the PRX dissolution properties. PRX nanocrystal size and zeta potential were determined by photon correlation spectroscopy. Additional characterization of PRX nanocrystal ODT was carried out by infrared spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffractometry, differential scanning calorimetry. Dissolution study was performed in distilled water (pH 5.5) and compared with PRX coarse suspension ODT, PRX/poloxamer 188 physical mixture, bulk PRX samples and a PRX commercial ODT. All PRX nanocrystal ODT formulations showed a higher drug dissolution rate than coarse PRX ODT. PRX nanocrystal ODT prepared using gelatin or croscarmellose as excipient showed a higher PRX dissolution rate compared with the commercial formulation and ODT prepared using xanthan gum. Overall results confirmed that improved PRX dissolution rate is due to the increased surface-to-volume ratio due to the nanosized drug particle but also revealed the important role of different excipients used.
Full-text · Article · Mar 2014 · International Journal of Pharmaceutics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recently, we carried out a research on new liposomal systems prepared by using in their composition a few penetration enhancers which differ for chemical structure and physicochemical properties. The penetration enhancer-containing vesicles (PEVs) were prepared by using soy lecithin and different amounts of three penetration enhancers, 2-(2-ethoxyethoxy) ethanol (Transcutol(®)), capryl-caproyl macrogol 8-glyceride (Labrasol(®)), and cineole.To study the influence of the PEVs on (trans)dermal delivery of minoxidil, in vitro diffusion experiments were performed through new born pig skin and the results were compared with that obtained applying the vesicular system without enhancer (control) after pretreatment of the skin with the various enhancers. In this study, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), attenuated total reflectance FTIR (ATR-FTIR) and FTIR imaging were used to evaluate the effective penetration of minoxidil in the skin layers and to discover the influence of the enhancer on the drug topical delivery. These analytical studies allowed us to characterize the drug formulations and to evaluate the vesicle distribution into the skin. Recorded spectra confirmed that the vesicle formulations with penetration enhancers promoted drug deposition into the skin.
Full-text · Article · May 2012 · Pharmaceutical Development and Technology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this paper, orally disintegrating tablets (ODT) were prepared using nanocrystal formulations in order to optimise dissolution properties of lipophilic, poorly soluble drug piroxicam (PRX). Different nanocrystal formulations were prepared using a high pressure homogenisation technique and poloxamer 188 as stabiliser. Characterisation of PRX nanocrystal ODT was carried out by infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray powder diffractometry (XRPD), differential scanning calorimetry and photon correlation spectroscopy. Dissolution study of PRX ODT was performed in distilled water (pH 5.5) and was compared to that of PRX coarse suspension ODT, PRX/poloxamer 188 physical mixture and bulk PRX samples. The XRPD and FTIR studies demonstrated that the homogenisation process led to a polymorphic transition from form I (bulk commercial PRX) to form III and monohydrate form of the nanocrystals. All ODT formulations prepared using PRX nanosuspensions showed a higher PRX dissolution rate compared with the ODT prepared with the coarse PRX. Since the solubility of the different PRX polymorphic forms increased only slightly from bulk PRX (form I) to monohydrate, form II and form III, we can conclude that the improvement in PRX dissolution rate is mainly caused by the increased surface-to-volume ratio due to the submicron dimension of the drug particles.
Full-text · Article · Jul 2011 · European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics: official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V