Publications (2)0 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: Nodal marginal zone lymphoma (NMZL) is an indolent B-cell lymphoma that originates from the marginal zone of B-cell follicles. The tumour is rather uncommon, and shares some morphologic and immunophenotypic similarities with the extranodal form of marginal zone lymphomas. However, diagnosis of NMZL implies the exclusion of lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma, follicular lymphoma, and lymph node involvement by extra nodal or splenic marginal zone B-cell lymphoma In addition, its distinction from reactive conditions, including T-zone hyperplasia, are sometimes problematic based on morphologic grounds. We describe a patient who presented with cervical and inguinal lymphadenopathies and high inflammation indexes. Bone marrow and lymph node biopsies were performed for definitive diagnosis. Bone marrow histological and immunophenotypic examinations were normal and excluded haematological disease. In contrast, lymph node evaluation showed some features compatible with a possible lymphoproliferative disorder, even though no definite diagnosis could be made based on morphologic and immunohistochemical investigation. In particular, the problem of a differential diagnosis between NMZL and a florid hyperplasia of monocytoid B-elements was posed. Thus, in order to assess the nature (neoplastic vs. reactive) of the lesion, molecular analysis of the immunoglobulin genes was performed by PCR. Notably, although no clonal rearrangements were revealed by IGHV@ analysis, further evaluation of the immunoglobulin light chain (IGKV@) confirmed the presence of a clonal B-cell population. Accordingly, a final diagnosis of NMZL was made. In conclusion, this case is a good example of the crucial role of complete molecular analysis in the diagnostic work up of lymphoproliferative disorders.
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ABSTRACT: Diagnosis of B-non Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs) is based on clinical, morphological and immunohistochemi-cal features. However, in up to 10-15% of cases, analysis of immunoglobulin heavy (IGH) or light (IGK/IGL) chains genes is required to discriminate between malignant and reactive lymphoid proliferations. In this study, we evaluated the feasibility and efficiency of IGK analysis in the routine diagnostic of B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders (B-LD) when applied to formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues. Clonality patterns were studied in 59 B-LD using the BIOMED-2 protocol for IGK assays, after failure of the IGH assay. PCR products were evaluated by both heterodu-plex and GeneScan analysis. IGK analysis was technically successful in all cases. Overall, it supported the histopa-thological suspicion in 52/59 cases (88%), the sensitivity and specificity being 83% and 80%, respectively. Further, positive and negative predictive values were 95% and 50%, respectively. Interestingly, among various lymphoma subtypes, marginal zone lymphoma and follicular lymphoma most frequently required IGK analysis. In conclusion, IGK study according to the BIOMED-2 protocol resulted feasible and extremely useful in supporting challenging diagnosis of B-LD even if applied on FFPE samples. Accordingly, when NHL is suspected, negative results at IGH analysis should not be considered as conclusive and further investigation of IGK is appropriate.
University of Bologna
Bolonia, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
- Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine DIMES