Céline Lucchesi

Aix-Marseille Université, Marsiglia, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France

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Publications (3)10.69 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A series of mitochondria targeted alpha-aminophosphonates combining a diethoxyphosphoryl group and an alkyl chain-connected triphenylphosphonium bromide tail were designed and synthesized, and their pH-sensitive 31-P NMR properties and biological activities in vitro and in vivo were evaluated. The results showed a number of these mito-aminophosphonates exhibiting pK(a)s fitting the mitochondrial pH range, short relaxation and chemical shift parameters compatible with sensitive 31-P NMR detection, and low cytotoxicity on green algae and murine fibroblasts cell cultures. Of these, two selected compounds demonstrated to distribute at NMR detectable levels within the cytosolic and mitochondrial sites following their perfusion to isolated rat livers, with no detrimental effects on cell energetics and aerobic respiration. This study provided a new molecular scaffold for further development of in situ spectroscopic real-time monitoring of mitochondrion/cytosol pH gradients.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2013 · Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
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    ABSTRACT: To better understand the antioxidant (enzyme mimetic, free radical scavenger) versus oxidant and cytotoxic properties of the industrially used cerium oxide nanoparticles (nano-CeO2), we investigated their effects on reactive oxygen species formation and changes in the antioxidant pool of human dermal and murine 3T3 fibroblasts at doses relevant to chronic inhalation or contact with skin. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spin trapping with the nitrone DEPMPO showed that pretreatment of the cells with the nanoparticles dose-dependently triggered the release in the culture medium of superoxide dismutase- and catalase-inhibitable DEPMPO/hydroxyl radical adducts (DEPMPO-OH) and ascorbyl radical, a marker of ascorbate depletion. This DEPMPO-OH formation occurred 2 to 24 h following removal of the particles from the medium and paralleled with an increase of cell lipid peroxidation. These effects of internalized nano-CeO2 on spin adduct formation were then investigated at the cellular level by using specific NADPH oxidase inhibitors, transfection techniques and a mitochondria-targeted antioxidant. When micromolar doses of nano-CeO2 were used, weak DEPMPO-OH levels but no loss of cell viability were observed, suggesting that cell signaling mechanisms through protein synthesis and membrane NADPH oxidase activation occurred. Incubation of the cells with higher millimolar doses provoked a 25-60-fold higher DEPMPO-OH formation together with a decrease in cell viability, early apoptosis induction and antioxidant depletion. These cytotoxic effects could be due to activation of both the mitochondrial source and Nox2 and Nox4 dependent NADPH oxidase complex. Regarding possible mechanisms of nano-CeO2-induced free radical formation in cells, in vitro EPR and spectrophotometric studies suggest that, contrary to Fe2+ ions, the Ce3+ redox state at the surface of the particles is probably not an efficient catalyst of hydroxyl radical formation by a Fenton-like reaction in vivo.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2012 · Chemico-biological interactions
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    ABSTRACT: The present study examined whether dynamic cerebral autoregulation and blood-brain barrier function would become compromised as a result of exercise-induced oxidative-nitrosative stress. Eight healthy men were examined at rest and after an incremental bout of semi-recumbent cycling exercise to exhaustion. Changes in a dynamic cerebral autoregulation index were determined during recovery from continuous recordings of blood flow velocity in the middle cerebral artery (MCAv) and mean arterial pressure during transiently induced hypotension. Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy and ozone-based chemiluminescence were employed for direct detection of spin-trapped free radicals and nitric oxide metabolites in venous blood. Neuron-specific enolase, S100β and 3-nitrotyrosine were determined by ELISA. While exercise did not alter MCAv, it caused a mild reduction in the autoregulation index (from 6.9 ± 0.6 to 5.5 ± 0.9 a.u., P < 0.05) that correlated directly against the exercise-induced increase in the ascorbate radical, 5-(diethoxyphosphoryl)-5-methyl-1-pyrroline N-oxide and N-tert-butyl-α-phenylnitrone adducts, 3-nitrotyrosine and S100β (r = -0.66 to -0.76, P < 0.05). In contrast, no changes in neuron-specific enolase were observed. In conclusion, our findings suggest that intense exercise has the potential to increase blood-brain barrier permeability without causing structural brain damage subsequent to a free radical-mediated impairment in dynamic cerebral autoregulation.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2011 · Experimental physiology