Aya Kitamoto

Kyoto University, Kioto, Kyoto, Japan

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Publications (21)66.74 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aim: To construct a simple, low-cost typing method for the surrogate marker of HLA-A*31:01, a risk factor for carbamazepine (CBZ) related Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis (SJS/TEN). Materials & methods: DNAs from Japanese SJS/TEN patients were used for genotyping and developing the assay. Results:HLA-A*31:01 was confirmed to be significantly associated with definite/probable cases of CBZ-related SJS/TEN (p = 0.0040). Three single nucleotide polymorphisms, rs1150738, rs3869066 and rs259945, were in absolute linkage disequilibrium with HLA-A*31:01 in 210 Japanese SJS/TEN patients. Robust genotyping of rs3869066 in ZNRD1-AS1 was developed using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism assays. Conclusion: Single nucleotide polymorphism genotyping is less time consuming and cheaper than conventional HLA typing, and would be useful for identifying Japanese patients at risk of CBZ-related SJS/TEN.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Pharmacogenomics
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: Visceral fat accumulation contributes to the development of metabolic syndrome. As visceral fat accumulation increases, adiponectin levels decrease; therefore, adiponectin provides a link between visceral fat accumulation and metabolic disorders. Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified genetic variations in the cadherin 13 (CDH13) gene that are associated with adiponectin levels. Methods: We investigated whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in CDH13 was associated with adiponectin levels and metabolic syndrome traits independent of the visceral fat area (VFA), as measured using computed tomography (CT) in 945 Japanese individuals. Results: We found that three CDH13 SNPs reported by recent GWASs (i.e., rs3865188, rs4783244, and rs12051272) were significantly associated with higher adiponectin levels (P<1×10 (-14) ), even after adjustment for VFA. However, these adiponectin-inducing alleles of CDH13 SNPs were significantly associated with traits consistent with deteriorating metabolic symptoms, such as higher fasting insulin, homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) scores, and triglycerides and lower high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol levels, similar to increasing VFA and decreasing adiponectin levels. Conclusion: These results suggested that CDH13 SNPs cause an adiponectin-resistant status to compensate for increasing adiponectin levels and could result in the deterioration of metabolic syndrome traits.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015 · Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis
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    ABSTRACT: Visceral fat accumulation contributes to the development of insulin resistance, leading to metabolic syndrome. Adiponectin provides a link between visceral fat accumulation and insulin resistance. In addition to environmental factors, genetic factors play important roles in visceral fat accumulation and circulating adiponectin levels. Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified genetic variations in the adiponectin, C1Q and collagen domain containing (ADIPOQ) gene that are associated with adiponectin levels. In this study, we investigated whether ADIPOQ single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were associated with visceral fat accumulation and insulin resistance. We measured the visceral fat area (VFA) by computed tomography (CT) and examined the presence of the insulin resistance-related phenotype (fasting plasma glucose, fasting insulin, and homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance [HOMA-IR]) in a set of Japanese individuals (731 men and 864 women) who were genotyped for seven ADIPOQ SNPs reported by recent GWASs (namely, rs6810075, rs10937273, rs1648707, rs864265, rs182052, rs17366568, and rs6773957). SNPs associated with the phenotype (P < 0.05) were then evaluated by association analysis using a second set of the study participants (383 men and 510 women). None of the SNPs was associated with body mass index (BMI) or VFA in men or women. However, the adiponectin-decreasing alleles of rs10937273 and rs1648707 were significantly associated with HOMA-IR (P = 0.0030 and P = 0.00074, respectively) in women, independently of BMI. These SNPs were significantly associated with decreased adiponectin levels in women. Our results suggested that rs10937273 and rs1648707 may affect insulin sensitivity by regulating adiponectin production by adipose tissue in women.
    Preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Endocrine Journal
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    ABSTRACT: The pathogenesis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is affected by epigenetic factors as well as by genetic variation. We performed targeted-bisulfite sequencing to determine the levels of DNA methylation of 4 CpG islands (CpG99, CpG71, CpG26, and CpG101) in the regulatory regions of PNPLA3, SAMM50, PARVB variant 1, and PARVB variant 2, respectively. We compared the levels of methylation of DNA in the livers of the first and second sets of patients with mild (fibrosis stages 0 and 1) or advanced (fibrosis stages 2-4) NAFLD and in those of patients with mild (F0 to F2) or advanced (F3 and F4) chronic hepatitis C infection. The hepatic mRNA levels of PNPLA3, SAMM50, and PARVB were measured using qPCR. CpG26, which resides in the regulatory region of PARVB variant 1, was markedly hypomethylated in the livers of patients with advanced NAFLD. Conversely, CpG99 in the regulatory region of PNPLA3 was substantially hypermethylated in these patients. These differences in DNA methylation were replicated in a second set of patients with NAFLD or chronic hepatitis C. PNPLA3 mRNA levels in the liver of the same section of a biopsy specimen used for genomic DNA preparation were lower in patients with advanced NAFLD compared with those with mild NAFLD and correlated inversely with CpG99 methylation in liver DNA. Moreover, the levels of CpG99 methylation and PNPLA3 mRNA were affected by the rs738409 genotype. Hypomethylation of CpG26 and hypermethylation of CpG99 may contribute to the severity of fibrosis in patients with NAFLD or chronic hepatitis C infection. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Journal of Hepatology
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    ABSTRACT: In several genome-wide association studies, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and alanine aminotransferase susceptibility variants have been identified in several genes, including LYPLAL1, ZP4, GCKR, HSD17B13, PALLD, PPP1R3B, FDFT1, TRIB1, COL13A1, CPN1, ERLIN1, CWF19L1, EFCAB4B, PZP, and NCAN. To investigate the relationship between these genes and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in the Japanese population, we genotyped 540 patients and 1012 control subjects for 18 variations. We performed logistic regression analyses to characterize the association between the tested variations and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Metabolic syndrome and histological traits were also analyzed by linear regression. We also examined GCKR rs780094, TRIB1 rs2954021, and PNPLA3 rs738409 for epistatic effects. The A-allele of rs780094 in GCKR (P = 0.0024) and the A-allele of rs2954021 TRIB1 (P = 4.5×10(-5)) were significantly associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. GCKR rs780094 was also associated with decreased plasma glucose, and increased triglycerides in the patient and control groups. GCKR rs780094 was also associated with an increased ratio of visceral to subcutaneous fat area in the patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Variations in GCKR, TRIB1, and PNPLA3 independently influenced nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and had no epistatic effects. Our data suggest variations in GCKR and TRIB1 are involved in the development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
    No preview · Article · May 2014 · Endocrine Journal
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    ABSTRACT: The genomic regions containing PNPLA3, SAMM50 and PARVB are susceptibility loci for the development and progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). In order to search for all common variations in this region, we amplified the genomic DNA of 28 NAFLD patients by long-range PCR, covering the entire susceptibility region and sequenced the DNA using indexed multiplex next-generation sequencing. We found 329 variations, including four novel variations. Fine mapping of variations including insertion/deletions was performed for 540 NAFLD patients (488 with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and 52 with simple steatosis) and 1012 control subjects. HaploView analysis showed that linkage disequilibrium (LD) block 1 and 2 occurred in PNPLA3, block 3 in SAMM50 and block 4 in PARVB. Variations in LD blocks 1-4 were significantly associated with NAFLD as compared with control subjects (P<1 × 10(-8)). Variations in LD block 2 were significantly associated with the NAFLD activity score (NAS), aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase. Variations in LD block 1 were significantly associated with the fibrosis stage. The strongest associations were observed for variations in LD block 4, with NASH as compared with simple steatosis (P=7.1 × 10(-6)) and NAS (P=3.4 × 10(-6)). Our results suggested that variations, including insertion/deletions, in PARVB, as well as those in PNPLA3, are important in the progression of NAFLD.Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 13 March 2014; doi:10.1038/jhg.2014.17.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2014 · Journal of Human Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: The predominant risk factor of metabolic syndrome is intra-abdominal fat accumulation, which is determined by waist circumference, waist-hip ratio measurements and visceral fat area (VFA); the latter can be accurately measured by performing computed tomography (CT). In addition to environmental factors, genetic factors play an important role in obesity and fat distribution. New genetic loci associated with body mass index (BMI) and adiposity have been identified by genome-wide association studies (GWASs). This study utilized CT to investigate whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that confer susceptibility to higher BMI are associated with VFA, subcutaneous fat area (SFA), and the ratio of VFA to SFA (V/S ratio). We measured the VFA and SFA of 1424 obese Japanese subjects (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m(2), 635 men and 789 women) who were genotyped for 13 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) reported by recent GWASs, namely, TNNI3K rs1514175, PTBP2 rs1555543, ADCY3 rs713586, IRS1 rs2943650, POC5 rs2112347, NUDT3 rs206936, LINGO2 rs10968576, STK33 rs4929949, MTIF3 rs4771122, SPRY2 rs534870, MAP2K5 rs2241423, QPCTL rs2287019, and ZC3H4 rs3810291. The G-allele of NUDT3 rs206936 was significantly associated with increased BMI (P = 5.3 × 10(-5)) and SFA (P = 0.00039) in the obese Japanese women. After adjustment with BMI, the association between rs206936 and SFA was not observed. This significant association was not observed in the men. The other SNPs analyzed were not significantly associated with BMI, VFA, SFA, or V/S ratio. Our results suggest that NUDT3 rs206936 is associated with BMI in Japanese women.
    No preview · Article · May 2013 · Endocrine Journal
  • Yuto Ueda · Aya Kitamoto · L James Willmore · Toshio Kojima
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    ABSTRACT: Traumatic brain injury occasionally causes posttraumatic epilepsy. To elucidate the molecular events responsible for posttraumatic epilepsy, we established a rodent model that involved the injection of microliter quantities of FeCl3 solution into the amygdalar nuclear complex. We previously compared hippocampal gene expression profiles in the traumatic epilepsy model and normal rats at 5 days after brain injury (acute phase) to determine the role of inflammation. In this study, we focused on later stages of epileptogenesis. We compared gene expression profiles at 5, 15 (sub-chronic phase), and 30 days (chronic phase) after brain injury to identify temporal changes in molecular networks involved in epileptogenesis. A total of 81 genes were significantly (at least twofold) up- or downregulated over the course of disease progression. We found that genes related to lipid metabolism, namely, Apoa1, Gh, Mc4r, Oprk1, and Pdk4, were temporarily upregulated in the sub-chronic phase. Changes in lipid metabolism regulation might be related to seizure propagation during epileptogenesis. This temporal description of hippocampal gene expression profiles throughout epileptogenesis provides clues to potential markers of disease phases and new therapeutic targets.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2013 · Neurochemical Research
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    ABSTRACT: We examined the genetic background of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in the Japanese population, by performing a genome-wide association study (GWAS). For GWAS, 392 Japanese NAFLD subjects and 934 control individuals were analyzed. For replication studies, 172 NAFLD and 1,012 control subjects were monitored. After quality control, 261,540 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in autosomal chromosomes were analyzed using a trend test. Association analysis was also performed using multiple logistic regression analysis using genotypes, age, gender and body mass index (BMI) as independent variables. Multiple linear regression analyses were performed to evaluate allelic effect of significant SNPs on biochemical traits and histological parameters adjusted by age, gender, and BMI. Rs738409 in the PNPLA3 gene was most strongly associated with NAFLD after adjustment (P = 6.8 × 10(-14), OR = 2.05). Rs2896019, and rs381062 in the PNPLA3 gene, rs738491, rs3761472, and rs2143571 in the SAMM50 gene, rs6006473, rs5764455, and rs6006611 in the PARVB gene had also significant P values (<2.0 × 10(-10)) and high odds ratios (1.84-2.02). These SNPs were found to be in the same linkage disequilibrium block and were associated with decreased serum triglycerides and increased aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) in NAFLD patients. These SNPs were associated with steatosis grade and NAFLD activity score (NAS). Rs738409, rs2896019, rs738491, rs6006473, rs5764455, and rs6006611 were associated with fibrosis. Polymorphisms in the SAMM50 and PARVB genes in addition to those in the PNPLA3 gene were observed to be associated with the development and progression of NAFLD.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2013 · Human Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: Visceral fat accumulation plays an integral role in morbidity and mortality rates by increasing the risk of developing metabolic disorders such as type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, and hypertension. New genetic loci associated with fat distribution, measured by waist-hip ratios and computed tomography (CT), have recently been identified by genome-wide association studies in European-descent populations. This study used CT to investigate whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that confer susceptibility to fat distribution are associated with visceral fat area (VFA) and subcutaneous fat area (SFA) in the Japanese population. Methods: We measured the VFAs and SFAs of 1424 obese Japanese subjects (BMI≥25 kg/m(2), 635 men and 789 women) that were genotyped at 15 SNPs, namely, TBX15 rs984222, DNM3 rs1011731, LYPLAL1 rs4846567, GRB14 rs10195252, NISCH rs6784615, ADAMTS9 rs6795735, CPEB4 rs6861681, LY86 rs1294421, VEGFA rs6905288, RSPO3 rs9491696, NFE2L3 rs1055144, ITPR2 rs718314, HOXC13 rs1443512, ZNRF3 rs4823006 and THNSL2 rs1659258. Results: The G-allele of LYPLAL1 rs4846567 was borderline associated with an increased ratio of VFA to SFA (V/S ratio; p= 0.0020). LYPLAL1 rs4846567 had a stronger effect on the V/S ratio in women (p= 0.0078) than in men (p= 0.12); however, neither result was significant after Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons. NISCH rs6784615 was nominally associated with increased VFA (p=0.040) and V/S ratio (p= 0.020). The other SNPs analyzed were not significantly associated with body mass index (BMI), VFA, or SFA. Conclusion: Our results suggest that LYPLAL1 rs4846567 and NISCH rs6784615 may influence fat distribution in the Japanese population.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2012 · Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis
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    ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that control protein expression through translational inhibition or mRNA degradation. MiRNAs have been implicated in diverse biological processes such as development, proliferation, apoptosis and differentiation. Upon treatment with nerve growth factor (NGF), rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells elicit neurite outgrowth and differentiate into neuron-like cells. NGF plays a critical role not only in neuronal differentiation but also in protection against apoptosis. In an attempt to identify NGF-regulated miRNAs in PC12 cells, we performed miRNA microarray analysis using total RNA harvested from cells treated with NGF. In response to NGF treatment, expression of 8 and 12 miRNAs were up- and down-regulated, respectively. Quantitative RT-PCR analysis of 11 out of 20 miRNAs verified increased expression of miR-181a(∗), miR-221 and miR-326, and decreased expression of miR-106b(∗), miR-126, miR-139-3p, miR-143, miR-210 and miR-532-3p after NGF treatment, among which miR-221 was drastically up-regulated. Functional annotation analysis of potential target genes of 7 out of 9 miRNAs excluding the passenger strands (*) revealed that NGF may regulate expression of various genes by controlling miRNA expression, including those whose functions and processes are known to be related to NGF. Overexpression of miR-221 induced neuronal differentiation of PC12 cells in the absence of NGF treatment, and also enhanced neuronal differentiation caused by low-dose NGF. Furthermore, miR-221 potentiated formation of neurite network, which was associated with increased expression of synapsin I, a marker for synapse formation. More importantly, knockdown of miR-221 expression by antagomir attenuated NGF-mediated neuronal differentiation. Finally, miR-221 decreased expression of Foxo3a and Apaf-1, both of which are known to be involved in apoptosis in PC12 cells. Our results suggest that miR-221 plays a critical role in neuronal differentiation as well as protection against apoptosis in PC12 cells.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2012 · Neurochemistry International
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    ABSTRACT: Visceral fat accumulation has an important role in the development of several metabolic disorders, such as type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia and hypertension. New genetic loci that contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes have been identified by genome-wide association studies. To examine the association of type 2 diabetes susceptibility loci and visceral fat accumulation, we genotyped 1279 Japanese subjects (556 men and 723 women), who underwent computed tomography for measurements of visceral fat area (VFA) and subcutaneous fat area (SFA) for the following single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs): NOTCH2 rs10923931, THADA rs7578597, PPARG rs1801282, ADAMTS9 rs4607103, IGF2BP2 rs1470579, VEGFA rs9472138, JAZF1 rs864745, CDKN2A/CDKN2B rs564398 and rs10811661, HHEX rs1111875 and rs5015480, TCF7L2 rs7901695, KCNQ1 rs2237892, KCNJ11 rs5215 and rs5219, EXT2 rs1113132, rs11037909, and rs3740878, MTNR1B rs10830963, DCD rs1153188, TSPAN8/LGR5 rs7961581, and FTO rs8050136 and rs9939609. None of the above SNPs were significantly associated with VFA. The FTO rs8050136 and rs9939609 risk alleles exhibited significant associations with body mass index (BMI; P=0.00088 and P=0.0010, respectively) and SFA (P=0.00013 and P=0.00017, respectively). No other SNPs were significantly associated with BMI or SFA. Our results suggest that two SNPs in the FTO gene are associated with subcutaneous fat accumulation. The contributions of other SNPs are inconclusive because of a limitation of the sample power.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2012 · Journal of Human Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: Visceral fat accumulation has an important role in increasing the morbidity and mortality rates, by increasing the risk of developing several metabolic disorders, such as type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia and hypertension. New genetic loci that are associated with increased systolic and diastolic blood pressures have been identified by genome-wide association studies in Caucasian populations. This study investigates whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that confer susceptibility to high blood pressure are also associated with visceral fat obesity. We genotyped 1279 Japanese subjects (556 men and 723 women) who underwent computed tomography for measuring the visceral fat area (VFA) and subcutaneous fat area (SFA) at the following SNPs: FGF5 rs16998073, CACNB2 rs11014166, C10orf107 rs1530440, CYP17A1 rs1004467, NT5C2 rs11191548, PLEKHA7 rs381815, ATP2B1 rs2681472 and rs2681492, ARID3B rs6495112, CSK rs1378942, PLCD3 rs12946454, and ZNF652 rs16948048. In an additive model, risk alleles of the CYP17A1 rs1004467 and NT5C2 rs11191548 were found to be significantly associated with reduced SFA (P=0.00011 and 0.0016, respectively). When the analysis was performed separately in men and women, significant associations of rs1004467 (additive model) and rs11191548 (recessive model) with reduced VFA (P=0.0018 and 0.0022, respectively) and SFA (P=0.00039 and 0.00059, respectively) were observed in women, but not in men. Our results suggest that polymorphisms in the CYP17A1 and NT5C2 genes influence a reduction in both visceral and subcutaneous fat mass in Japanese women.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2011 · Journal of Human Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: Metabolic syndrome is defined as a cluster of multiple risk factors, including central obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension and impaired glucose tolerance, that increase cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality. Genetic factors are important in the development of metabolic syndrome, as are environmental factors. However, the genetic background of metabolic syndrome is not yet fully clarified. There is evidence that obesity and obesity-related phenotypes are associated with variations in several genes, including NEGR1, SEC16B, TMEM18, ETV5, GNPDA2, BDNF, MTCH2, SH2B1, FTO, MAF, MC4R, KCTD15, SCG3, MTMR9, TFAP2B, MSRA, LYPLAL1, GCKR and FADS1. To investigate the relationship between metabolic syndrome and variations in these genes in the Japanese population, we genotyped 33 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 19 genes from 1096 patients with metabolic syndrome and 581 control individuals who had no risk factors for metabolic syndrome. Four SNPs in the FTO gene were significantly related to metabolic syndrome: rs9939609 (P=0.00013), rs8050136 (P=0.00011), rs1558902 (P=6.6 × 10(-5)) and rs1421085 (P=7.4 × 10(-5)). rs3764220 in the SCG3 gene (P=0.0010) and rs2293855 in the MTMR9 gene (P=0.0015) were also significantly associated with metabolic syndrome. SNPs in the FTO, SCG3 and MTMR9 genes had no SNP × SNP epistatic effects on metabolic syndrome. Our data suggest that genetic variations in the FTO, SCG3 and MTMR9 genes independently influence the risk of metabolic syndrome.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2011 · Journal of Human Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: Visceral fat accumulation has an important role in increasing morbidity and mortality rate by increasing the risk of developing several metabolic disorders, such as type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia and hypertension. New genetic loci that contribute to the development of obesity have been identified by genome-wide association studies in Caucasian populations. We genotyped 1279 Japanese subjects (556 men and 723 women), who underwent computed tomography (CT) for measuring visceral fat area (VFA) and subcutaneous fat area (SFA), for the following single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs): NEGR1 rs2815752, SEC16B rs10913469, TMEM18 rs6548238, ETV5 rs7647305, GNPDA2 rs10938397, BDNF rs6265 and rs925946, MTCH2 rs10838738, SH2B1 rs7498665, MAF rs1424233, and KCTD15 rs29941 and rs11084753. In the additive model, none of the SNPs were significantly associated with body mass index (BMI). The SH2B1 rs7498665 risk allele was found to be significantly associated with VFA (P=0.00047) but not with BMI or SFA. When the analysis was performed in men and women separately, no significant associations with VFA were observed (P=0.0099 in men and P=0.022 in women). None of the other SNPs were significantly associated with SFA. Our results suggest that there is a VFA-specific genetic factor and that a polymorphism in the SH2B1 gene influences the risk of visceral fat accumulation.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2011 · Journal of Human Genetics
  • Yuto Ueda · Aya Kitamoto · L. James Willmore · Toshio Kojima
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, we performed comprehensive gene expression and gene network analyses using a DNA microarray to elucidate the molecular events responsible for the pathology of posttraumatic epilepsy at the partial seizure stage. We used an experimental posttraumatic epilepsy model of amygdalar focal FeCl(3)-injected rats and compared gene expression profiles in the hippocampus at the partial seizure stage (less than stage 3 on Racine's convulsion scale) and that of sham-operated animals. At the partial seizure stage, upregulation of phospholipase A2 (PLA2) and lipid metabolism were observed, which have been reported to be caused by brain injury and seizures in previous studies. Furthermore, significant upregulation of genes related to inflammation and the immune system was observed. These molecular changes in PLA2 and lipid metabolism may be related to seizure propagation.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2010 · Neurochemical Research
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    ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs are involved in cancer pathogenesis and act as tumor suppressors or oncogenes. It has been recently reported that miR-148a expression is down-regulated in several types of cancer. The functional roles and target genes of miR-148a in prostate cancer, however, remain unknown. In this report, we showed that miR-148a expression levels were lower in PC3 and DU145 hormone-refractory prostate cancer cells in comparison to PrEC normal human prostate epithelial cells and LNCaP hormone-sensitive prostate cancer cells. Transfection with miR-148a precursor inhibited cell growth, and cell migration and invasion, and increased the sensitivity to anti-cancer drug paclitaxel in PC3 cells. Computer-aided algorithms predicted mitogen- and stress-activated protein kinase, MSK1, as a potential target of miR-148a. Indeed, miR-148a overexpression decreased expression of MSK1. Using luciferase reporter assays, we identified MSK1 as a direct target of miR-148a. Suppression of MSK1 expression by siRNA, however, showed little or no effects on malignant phenotypes of PC3 cells. In PC3PR cells, a paclitaxel-resistant cell line established from PC3 cells, miR-148a inhibited cell growth, and cell migration and invasion, and also attenuated the resistance to paclitaxel. MiR-148a reduced MSK1 expression by directly targeting its 3'-UTR in PC3PR cells. Furthermore, MSK1 knockdown reduced paclitaxel-resistance of PC3PR cells, indicating that miR-148a attenuates paclitaxel-resistance of hormone-refractory, drug-resistant PC3PR cells in part by regulating MSK1 expression. Our findings suggest that miR-148a plays multiple roles as a tumor suppressor and can be a promising therapeutic target for hormone-refractory prostate cancer especially for drug-resistant prostate cancer.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2010 · Journal of Biological Chemistry
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    ABSTRACT: Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic (HI) encephalopathy can lead to severe brain damage, and is a common cause of neurological handicaps in adulthood. HI can be resolved by the administration of an antioxidant such as 3-methyl-1-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one (MCI-186). In the present study, we performed comprehensive gene expression and gene network analyses using a DNA microarray to elucidate the molecular events responsible for the selective vulnerability of neurons in neonatal HI brain insult and to examine the underlying mechanisms of the effect of MCI-186 on the pathophysiological events in this condition. We used the modified Levine method (Rice model), which has been widely used as an animal model of this condition. A large difference in gene expression was observed between the Rice model and the control group. Up- and downregulated genes after the HI brain insult were mainly related to immune responses and cell death, and neuronal activity, respectively. The effect of MCI-186 administration on gene expression was much less than and contrary to that of the HI brain insult, reflecting the protective effect of MCI-186 in HI brain insult.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2010 · Journal of Molecular Neuroscience

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2009 · Neuroscience Research
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    ABSTRACT: [This corrects the article on p. e8210 in vol. 4.].
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2009 · PLoS ONE