Xiancheng Qu

Shanghai Ocean University, Pootung, Shanghai Shi, China

Are you Xiancheng Qu?

Claim your profile

Publications (4)9.23 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Coilia nasus is widely distributed along the coast, and rivers and lakes that connect with the ocean in China. It is a diadromous fish but has residential populations in the middle and lower reach of the Yangtze River and its associated lakes such as Lake Taihu. These ecologically differentiated diadromous and residential populations are difficult to identify and separate, even with current molecular screening methods such as applying the mtDNA markers. The objective of the present study was to screen these populations by the means of the whole body elemental fingerprint analysis (EFA). Our results showed that the diadromous population had significantly lower concentrations of Al, B, Ca, Cr, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, P, S, and Zn, and significantly higher As than the residential populations. The spawners had lower concentrations of B, Cr, P, and S before laying eggs than after laying eggs. Advanced statistical models detected distinct spatial patterns between the diadromous and residential populations, and between groups before and after spawning. The current study showed that the whole body EFA can clearly distinguish C. nasus populations in the Yangtze River Basin and thus proved to be useful and may substitute the elemental fingerprint of fish otolith in future fish ecological studies that need to identify different populations.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Biochemical Systematics and Ecology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to investigate gene transcription profiles of the stage IV ovary and the ovotestis of the rice field eel (Monopterus albus) in an attempt to uncover genes involved in sex reversal and gonad development. Suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) libraries were constructed using mRNA from the stage IV ovary and the ovotestis. In total 100 positive clones from the libraries were selected at random and sequenced, and then expressed sequence tags (ESTs) were used to search against sequences in the GenBank database using the BLASTn and BLASTx search algorithms. High quality SSH cDNA libraries and 90 ESTs were obtained. Of these ESTs, 43 showed high homology with genes of known function and these are associated with energy metabolism, signal transduction, transcription regulation and so on. The remaining 47 ESTs shared no homology with any genes in GenBank and are thus considered to be hypothetical genes. Furthermore, the four genes F11, F63, R11, and R47 from the forward and reverse libraries were analyzed in gonad, brain, heart, spleen, liver, kidney and muscle tissues. The results showed that the transcription of the F11 and F63 genes was significantly increased while the expression of the R11 and R47 genes was significantly decreased from IV or V ovary. In addition, the results also indicated that the four genes' expression was not gonad-tissue specific. This results strongly suggested that they may be involved in the rice field eel gonad development and/or sex reversal.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2014 · Gene
  • Source
    Zhihui Cui · Kaiyue Zhang · Xiancheng Qu · Qigen Liu
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Microcystins (MCs) are hepatotoxic cyclic heptapeptides produced by cyanobacteria (blue-green algae). There are more than 70 MCs variants of which the most common and widely studied is MC-LR. We screened the hepatocellular differentially expressed genes against MC-LR in the bighead carp (Aristichthys nobilis). Suppression subtractive hybridization was used to construct the forward subtracted and reverse subtracted cDNA libraries, and one hundred and thirty two positive clones (seventy one in forward library and sixty one in reverse library) were randomly selected and sequenced. Finally, fifty five reliable sequences from the forward subtracted library were used in a homology search by BLASTn and BLASTx, as were 57 reliable sequences from the reverse subtracted library. Furthermore, eight analyzed sequences from the forward subtracted cDNA library and seven from the reverse subtracted library were found to be non-homologous sequences. The screening identified genes induced by MC-LR in both libraries that are involved in various processes, such as energy metabolism, immunity, and apoptosis. Some are cytoskeleton- and transportation-related genes, while signal transduction-related genes were also found. Significant genes, such as the apoptosis-related gene p53 and the proto-oncogene c-myc, are involved in inhibition of the MC-LR response in the reverse subtracted library. In addition, several immune-related genes, which play an important role in antioxidation and detoxification of MC-LR, were characterized and identified in both of the subtracted libraries. The study provides the basic data to further identify the genes and molecular mechanism of detoxification of microcystins.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2011 · Fish & Shellfish Immunology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Microcystin-LR (MC-LR) is the most frequently studied cyclic heptapeptide hepatotoxin produced by cyanobacteria. The toxin accumulates rapidly in the liver where it exerts most of its damage, but the molecular mechanisms behind its toxicity remain unclear. Here, suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) was used to identify alterations in gene transcription of the silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) after exposure to MC-LR. After hybridization and cloning, the forward and reverse subtractive cDNA libraries were obtained. At random, 150 positive clones (70 forward and 80 reverse) were selected and sequenced from the subtractive libraries, which gave a total of 88 gene fragment sequences (48 forward and 40 reverse). Sequencing analysis and homology searches showed that these ESTs represented 75 unique genes and 13 duplicates. Of the 75 unique genes, 38 shared high homology with fish genes of known functions, including immune-related genes, transporters and some involved in cell metabolism. Four sequenced genes (Fs59, Fs70, Rs2 and Rs15) were analyzed further using semi-quantitative RT-PCR. The genes from the forward library (Fs59 and Fs70) were found to be transcriptionally upregulated, while the genes from the reverse library (Rs2 and Rs15) were found to be transcriptionally downregulated. These results confirmed the successful construction of the subtractive cDNA library that was enriched for genes that were differentially transcribed in the silver carp liver challenged with MC-LR.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2011 · Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)