Shijun Gao

Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wu-han-shih, Hubei, China

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Publications (2)7.45 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: In fetal mammalian heart, constitutive adenylyl cyclase/cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase A (cAMP-PKA)-mediated phosphorylation, independent of β-adrenergic receptor stimulation, could under such circumstances play an important role in sustaining the L-type calcium channel current (I(Ca,L)) and regulating other PKA dependent phosphorylation targets. In this study, we investigated the regulation of L-type Ca(2+) channel (LTCC) in murine embryonic ventricles. The data indicated a higher phosphorylation state of LTCC at early developmental stage (EDS, E9.5-E11.5) than late developmental stage (LDS, E16.5-E18.5). An intrinsic adenylyl cyclase (AC) activity, PKA activity and basal cAMP concentration were obviously higher at EDS than LDS. The cAMP increase in the presence of isobutylmethylxanthine (IBMX, nonselective phosphodiesterase inhibitor) was further augmented at LDS but not at EDS by chelation of intracellular Ca(2+) with 1,2-bis(2-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (BAPTA)-acetoxymethyl ester (BAPTA-AM). Furthermore, I(Ca,L) increased with time after patch rupture in LDS cardiomyocytes dialyzed with pipette solution containing BAPTA whereas not at EDS. Thus we conclude that the high basal level of LTCC phosphorylation is due to the high intrinsic PKA activity and the high intrinsic AC activity at EDS. The latter is possibly owing to the little or no effect of Ca(2+) influx via LTCCs on AC activity, leading to the inability to inhibit AC.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2011 · Cell calcium
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    ABSTRACT: Embryonic cardiomyocytes undergo profound changes in their electrophysiological properties during development. However, the molecular and functional changes in Na⁺ channel during cardiogenesis are not yet fully explained. To study the functional changes in the Na⁺ channel during cardiogenesis, Na⁺ currents were recorded in the early (EDS) and late (LDS) developmental stages of cardiomyocytes in embryonic mice. Compared with EDS myocytes, LDS myocytes exhibited a larger peak current density, a more negative shift in the voltage of half inactivation, a larger fast inactivation component and a smaller slow inactivation component, and smaller time constants for recovery from inactivation. Additionally, multiple Na⁺ channel α-subunits (Nav 1.1-1.6) and β-subunits (Nav β1-β3) of mouse embryos were investigated. Transcripts of Nav 1.1-1.3 were absent or present at very low levels in embryonic hearts. Transcripts encoding Nav 1.4-1.6 and Nav β1-β3 increased during embryogenesis. Data on the sensitivity of total Na⁺ currents to tetrodotoxin (TTX) showed that TTX-resistant Nav 1.5 is the predominant isoform expressed in the heart of the mouse embryo. The results indicate that significant changes in the functional properties of Na⁺ channels develop in the cardiomyocytes of the mouse embryo, and that different Na⁺ channel subunit genes are strongly regulated during embryogenesis, which further support a physiological role for voltage-gated Na⁺ channels during heart development.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2011 · Circulation Journal