Ning Lin

Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (7)19.01 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Diabetic patients have increased level of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and the role of AGEs in regulating cancer cell proliferation is unclear. Here, we found that treating colorectal and liver cancer cells with AGEs promoted cell proliferation. AGEs stimulated both the expression and activation of a key transcription factor called carbohydrate responsive element binding protein (ChREBP) which had been shown to promote glycolytic and anabolic activity as well as proliferation of colorectal and liver cancer cells. Using siRNAs or the antagonistic antibody for the receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) blocked AGEs-induced ChREBP expression or cell proliferation in cancer cells. Suppressing ChREBP expression severely impaired AGEs-induced cancer cell proliferation. Taken together, these results demonstrate that AGEs-RAGE signaling enhances cancer cell proliferation in which AGEs-mediated ChREBP induction plays an important role. These findings may provide new explanation for increased cancer progression in diabetic patients.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
  • Hong-Mei Zhang · Ning Lin · Yan Dong · Qing Su · Min Luo
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    ABSTRACT: Protein kinase Cα (PKCα) has been implicated in the regulation of a variety of cellular functions, such as proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis, in response to a diverse range of stimuli. Activated PKCα mediates oxidative stress, apoptosis, and inflammatory reaction. Thyroid hormone (TH) is essential for the proper development of the mammalian central nervous system. TH deficiency during critical periods of brain development results in permanent cognitive and neurological impairments. In the present study, we attempted to explore whether PKCα is involved in impaired brain function in developing hypothyroid rat brain. Severe perinatal hypothyroidism was obtained by administration of 30 mg/day propylthiouracil to dams. Brain PKC activity in hypothyroid pups was increased significantly in cytosol and membrane fractions. The change of membrane PKC activity was more marked than that of cytosol, and hypothyroidism led to a higher ratio of membrane PKC activity to that in cytosol, which means abnormal activation of PKC in developing hypothyroid rat brain. Thyroxine replacement partially corrected these changes. After being treated with bisindolmaleimide XI, a mainly selective inhibitor for PKCα, the hypothyroid pups showed improved place navigation test results, and further Western blot analysis showed that PKCα expression in cytosol fractions was increased in hypothyroid rat brain with or without bisindolmaleimide XI treatment, but, after treatment with bisindolmaleimide XI, PKCα content in membrane fractions decreased almost to normal. Therefore, we conclude that PKCα appears to be involved in the impaired brain development observed in perinatal hypothyroid rat brain. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2013 · Journal of Neuroscience Research
  • N Lin · H Zhang · Q Su
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    ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the direct effects of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) on pancreatic β cells, including cellular viability, generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and insulin secretion, and also looked for the main source of ROS in INS-1 cells and the possible molecular mechanism(s) of cell injury by AGEs. INS-1 cells were cultured with 100, 200 and 500 mg/L of AGEs for specific periods of time. Cell apoptosis was determined by ELISA and real-time PCR assays. ROS were detected by DCFH-DA and MitoSOX Red probes with a flow cytometer, NADPH oxidase activity was measured by lucigenin chemiluminescence and MAPK phosphorylation was measured by Western blot tests. Both cell apoptosis and ROS generation increased in AGE-treated cells in a dose-dependent way, and both the mitochondrial electron transport chain and NADPH oxidase pathway participated in ROS generation, although the role of the mitochondrial pathway was earlier and more important. AGEs exerted a toxic effect on insulin secretion that could be largely reversed by inhibiting ROS. AGEs injured INS-1 cells by oxidative stress mainly through the mitochondrial pathway, although the JNK and p38 MAPK signaling pathways were also key modulators in ROS-mediated β-cell death.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2012 · Diabetes & Metabolism
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to explore the possible link between oxidative stress and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in palmitate (PA) induced apoptosis of INS-1 cells, and to figure out the main source of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the effect of ROS inhibition on the level of ER stress. In this study, INS-1 cells were exposed to PA and oleate for the indicated times. Cell viability and apoptosis were measured by MTT and ELISA; ROS was detected by the probe DCFH-DA and MitoSOX Red using flow cytometer; and the ER stress-related chaperones were measured by western blotting and real time PCR. The level of JNK phosphorylation was also measured by western blotting. The results showed that, in PA-treated cells, apoptosis increased in a dose-dependent way. ROS generation was mainly increased through mitochondrion, and ROS inhibition reduced the expression of some ER chaperones and transcription factors levels. Also, inhibition of JNK phosphorylation ameliorated PA-induced apoptosis. It is concluded that, ROS inhibition, especially inhibiting the ROS from mitochondria, may reduce the expression of some ER stress-related effectors and show a protective role in PA-induced pancreatic beta-cell apoptosis.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2012 · Endocrine
  • S-C DU · Q-M Ge · N Lin · Y Dong · Q Su
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    ABSTRACT: Overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) or exhaustion of antioxidants may cause oxidative stress which is a major factor of defective insulin secretion and increases apoptosis of pancreatic β-cells in diabetes. So there comes a consideration of whether antioxidant strategies can be used to protect deterioration of the β-cells. In this study, we explored the mechanism of oxidative stress mediated lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced apoptosis in insulin secreting (INS-1) cells from a rat pancreatic β-cell line. ROS was monitored by using intracellular ROS capture dihydroethidium (DHE) and dihydrorhodamine123 (DHR123). Apoptosis rate was measured by flow cytometry (FCM). The pro-apoptotic gene Bax and anti-apoptotic gene Bcl-2 were analysed by Western blot and RT-PCR. The results demonstrate that LPS-stimulated INS-1 cells manifest intensified intracellular fluorescence in both dose- and time- dependent manners. Apoptosis rate of LPS stimulated INS-1 cells is significantly increased by FCM, with a significant increase in Bax/Bcl-2 ratio revealed by Western blot and RT-PCR. Furthermore, α-lipoic acid (α-LA) inhibits LPS-induced apoptosis, but can not restore the function of glucose stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) in INS-1 cells.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2012 · Cellular and molecular biology (Noisy-le-Grand, France)
  • Hong-Mei Zhang · Ning Lin · Yan Dong · Qing Su · Min Luo
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    ABSTRACT: Thyroid hormone (TH) is essential for the proper development of mammalian central nervous system. TH deficiency during critical period of brain development results in permanent cognitive and neurological impairments. Hippocampus is a structure involved in various memory processes that are essential for creating new memories, and lesions to hippocampus result in impaired learning and memory. Protein kinase C (PKC) isoforms play an important role in many types of learning and memory, and deletion of specific PKC genes results in deficits in learning. In the present study, we used real-time PCR and Western blot to investigate the conventional PKC expression in developing rat hippocampus with different thyroid status, trying to establish a correlation between TH deficiency and conventional PKC expression in developing rat hippocampus. We found that PKCβI and PKCγ expression decreased significantly both in mRNA and protein levels in hypothyroid group compared with the normal controls, and thyroxine replacement could restore it. As for PKCα, we did not find any difference between different thyroid status. Though the expression of PKCβII also decreased in the TH deficiency group, the change was not significant. Taken together, our data indicate TH deficiency can cause hippocampal PKCβ1 and PKCγ downregulation during rat brain development. Since there are other PKC isoforms in the rat brain, whether these change is related to impaired learning and memory of perinatal hypothyroid rats requires further researches.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2011 · Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
  • Q-M Ge · S-C Du · F Bian · N Lin · Q Su
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to obtain insight into the mechanism of sepsis-induced hyperglycemia, to explore the expression of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) on INS-1 cells, the effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on TLR4 expression and cell viability. The expression of TLR4 on INS-1 was detected by both RT-PCR and Western blot assays. After being intervened by LPS of various concentrations (0.01, 0.1, 1, 5, 10mg/L) for a certain time, the effects of LPS on TLR4 expression and cell viability were detected by quantitative real-time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, western blotting and CCK-8 assay. Then INS-1 cells were stimulated by LPS (0.1, 1mg/L) together with anti-TLR4 antibody, cell viability and TLR4 expression were detected again. TLR4 expressed in INS-1 cell line. Its expression was up-regulated by the stimulation of LPS higher than 0.1mg/L for 12h (P<0.05). However, there was a little down-regulation of TLR4 between the LPS treated groups and controls with further LPS treatment for 24 and 48 h (P>0.05). In certain concentrations(0.1~10mg/L), viability of INS-1 cells was inhibited by LPS in a dose dependent manner (P<0.05) These effects could be blocked by anti-TLR4 antibody partially. These results suggest that LPS may act directly on the pancreatic β cells via TLR4 on the β-cell membrane. LPS increased TLR4 expression in the early short period of time and caused injury to INS-1 cells after a certain time. It could be one of the mechanisms that hyperglycemia occurs in the early stage of sepsis.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Cellular and molecular biology (Noisy-le-Grand, France)