[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hereditary thrombophilia (HT) is a major risk factor for idiopathic pulmonary embolism (iPE) and shows different prevalence among ethnic groups. The prevalence and clinical characteristics of HT in Korean patients with iPE were investigated.
Patients with PE on computed tomography (CT) scan were recruited, and those with malignancy were excluded. Patients were divided into iPE and provoked PE (pPE) groups. The presence of HT in the iPE group was assessed by DNA sequencing of the corresponding gene in patients who had low levels of natural anticoagulants. The clinical characteristics of iPE with HT (iPE/HT+) were compared with those of iPE without HT (iPE/HT-) and pPE.
Out of 161 patients, 84 patients had iPE and 77 patients had pPE. Among 54 patients in the iPE group whose coagulation profiles were tested, 28 patients were diagnosed with HT (51.9%; 28/54). Compared with the iPE/HT- and pPE groups, the iPE/HT+ group showed the highest proportion of male patients (71.4%; p<0.001); the youngest mean age (44±14 years; p<0.001); and the highest frequencies for history of venous thromboembolism (64.3%; p<0.001), concurrent deep vein thrombosis (75.0%; p=0.021), and adverse clinical outcomes (42.9%, p<0.001). Protein C deficiency was the most common HT. On molecular genetic tests, causative mutation was identified in 13 patients.
In this study of Korean patients, about half of the patients with iPE had HT. Patients with iPE and HT were mostly young males with deep venous thrombosis (DVT), previous venous thromboembolism (VTE), and frequent adverse clinical outcomes. Therefore, Korean patients with iPE should be tested for HT.
Preview · Article · May 2012 · Yonsei medical journal
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the ability to identify right ventricular (RV) dysfunction, and to predict adverse outcomes of chest computed tomography (CT), we compared CT and echocardiography in acute pulmonary embolism patients. We analyzed 56 patients diagnosed by CT with acute pulmonary embolism, who underwent echocardiography within 48 h of CT scan from January 2004 to December 2008. From the CT scan, the ratio of RV diameter to left ventricular diameter (RVd/LVd), the presence of septal bowing and embolus location were determined. RVd/LVd (P < 0.001), septal bowing (P < 0.001) and proximal embolism (P = 0.016) were associated with echocardiographic RV hypokinesia. The odds ratio for adverse clinical outcomes was 19.2 for the combination of three CT parameters (RVd/LVd > 1, septal bowing, and proximal embolism), and 13.4 for RV hypokinesia (each P = 0.001). The positive predictive value (PPV) for adverse clinical outcomes for echocardiographic RV hypokinesia was 55.0%, and the negative predictive value (NPV) was 96.2%. The three-parameter combination predicted adverse clinical outcomes with a PPV of 54.5%, and a NPV of 94.1%. CT parameters including RV dysfunction were significantly associated with poor outcomes. Rapid risk stratification of patients with acute pulmonary embolism based on chest CT appears to be comparable with echocardiography, is clinically reliable, and may be useful in guiding management strategy.
No preview · Article · Jun 2011 · The international journal of cardiovascular imaging