[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose:
To compare serial changes of postoperative storage symptoms between PVP and HoLEP, and to identify the predictors influencing postoperative improvement of storage symptoms.
A total of 486 men (PVP group: 213 cases; HoLEP group: 273 cases), in whom 12-month follow-up data were available, were included in this retrospective study. Surgical outcomes were evaluated at 1-, 3-, 6-, and 12 months postoperatively using the IPSS, uroflowmetry with post-void residual urine volume (PVR) and serum PSA levels. Improvement of storage symptoms was defined as a reduction by ≥50 % of the subtotal storage symptom score postoperatively compared to baseline.
In both PVP and HoLEP groups, total IPSS, quality-of-life index, frequency score, nocturia score, maximum flow rate and PVR were significantly decreased compared to baseline starting from 1 month after surgery. Whereas urgency score was numerically increased compared to baseline at 1 month after PVP, it was reduced compared to baseline at 1 month after HoLEP. While the subtotal storage symptom score was significantly decreased compared to baseline starting from 3 months after PVP, it was significantly reduced starting from 1 month after HoLEP. On logistic regression analysis, a higher baseline subtotal storage symptom score was the only independent predictor of improvement in storage symptoms after PVP or HoLEP.
Our data suggest that improvement in storage symptoms after HoLEP begins earlier than that after PVP. Also, this study indicates that patients with more severe baseline storage symptoms have a higher likelihood of improvement after PVP or HoLEP compared to those with less severe symptoms.
No preview · Article · Nov 2014 · World Journal of Urology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Small renal masses (SRMs) are defined as radiologically enhancing renal masses of less than 4 cm in maximal diameter. The incidence of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has increased in recent years, which is mainly due to the rise in incidental detection of localized SRMs. However, the cancer-specific mortality rate is not increasing. This discrepancy may be dependent on the indolent nature of SRMs. About 20% of SRMs are benign, and smaller masses are likely to have pathologic characteristics of low Fuhrman grade and clear cell type. In addition, SRMs are increasingly detected in elderly patients who are likely to have comorbidities and are a high-risk group for active treatment like surgery. As the information about the nature of SRMs is improved and management options for SRMs are expanded, the current role of renal mass biopsy for SRMs is also expanding. Traditionally, renal mass biopsy has not been accepted as a standard diagnostic tool in the clinical scenario because of several issues about safety and accuracy. However, current series on SRM biopsy have reported high diagnostic accuracy with rare complications. Studies of modern SRM biopsy have reported diagnostic accuracy greater than 90% with very high specificity. Also, current series have shown very rare morbid cases caused by renal mass biopsy. Currently, renal biopsy of SRMs can be recommended in most cases except when patients have imaging or clinical characteristics indicative of pathology and in cases in which conservative management is not considered.
Preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Korean journal of urology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the serial changes in sexual function in the short-term period after holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and to investigate whether a change in each domain of the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) is associated with improvement of micturition.
Thirty-eight potent men who underwent HoLEP and in whom complete 12-month follow-up data on the IIEF were available were included in this retrospective study. All patients underwent a baseline evaluation for BPH. The surgical outcome was evaluated at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively by use of the International Prostate Symptom Score, IIEF, and uroflowmetry.
The mean age and body mass index of the patients was 64.5±6.2 years and 24.2±2.6 kg/m(2), respectively. Mean total prostate volume and transitional zone volume were 48.8±18.8 ml and 24.2±16.1 ml, respectively. Most IIEF domain scores showed a slight decrease at 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery but recovered to the baseline or showed a marginal but nonsignificant increase at 12 months postoperatively compared with baseline. Orgasmic function and the overall sexual satisfaction domain score remained slightly reduced up to 12 months postoperatively. There was no significant correlation between improvement of micturition and change in sexual function throughout the follow-up period after surgery.
Although HoLEP achieves significant improvements in micturition, overall sexual function decreases slightly in the early postoperative period, but recovers to the baseline at 12 months postoperatively. Our data suggest that changes in sexual function after HoLEP are not associated with improvement of micturition.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2012 · Korean journal of urology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We sought to maximize the antitumor effect of an anticancer vaccine based on genetically modified endothelial cells by combining it with the platelet-derived growth factor receptor inhibitor imatinib.
Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were infected with 10 MOI of Ad-CMV-mGMCSF to make anticancer vaccines. One million mouse bladder cancer cells (MBT-2) were subcutaneously inoculated in C3H mice. The experimental groups included the following: Group 1 (phosphate-buffered saline), Group 2 (anticancer vaccine and GM-CSF), Group 3 (imatinib), and Group 4 (anticancer vaccine, GM-CSF, and imatinib). Tumor growth and body weight were measured weekly. At 4 weeks, the tumors were immunostained with anti-CD31, and microvessel density (MVD) was measured. To evaluate the immunological mechanism of each treatment, flow cytometry analysis of activated CD4 and CD8 cells was performed.
At 4 weeks, the mean body weight of each group, excluding the extracted tumor weight, was not significantly different. Since week 3, the mean tumor volume in Group 4 was the smallest among the treatment groups (p<0.05), and a synergistic suppressive effect on tumor volume was observed in Group 4. The MVD in Group 4 was the most suppressed among the treatment groups (p<0.05), and a synergistic anti-angiogenic effect was observed. Flow cytometry analysis revealed that activated CD4+ and CD8+ cells increased in Group 2 and decreased in Group 3 compared with the other groups.
The combination of genetically modified endothelial cell vaccines and imatinib showed a synergistic antiangiogenic effect in bladder cancer.
Full-text · Article · May 2011 · Korean journal of urology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose: We investigated pre-urodynamic study parameters of bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) defined by pressure-flow study (PFS) in female patients without anatomical obstruction. Materials and Methods: The cohort of this study consisted of 320 women who did not have anatomical BOO in whom urodynamic study was conducted for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). BOO was defined when the PFS maximal flow rate (Qmax) was ≤12 ml/sec and Pdet Qmax was ≥25 cmH 2O. The main outcomes were the incidence of BOO and its predictive factors in our cohort. Results: Of the total patients, 39 (12.2%) were diagnosed with BOO in the PFS. Free Qmax and maximal voided volume (MVV) were significant predictors of BOO (p<0.001, p=0.011, respectively) in the multivariate logistic regression. When free Qmax was set to ≤15 ml/sec, its sensitivity and specificity predicting BOO were 82% and 72%, respectively; when MVV was set to ≤350 ml, its values were 71% and 46%, respectively. However, the positive predictive values (PPVs) of free Qmax and MVV were low (34.4% and 28.2%, respectively), whereas the negative predictive values (NPVs) of these parameters were relatively high (96.5% and 91.2%, respectively). Conclusions: Factors predicting BOO defined by PFS in female patients complaining LUTS without anatomical obstruction were free Qmax and MVV. The PPV of these factors was low, and the NPV was high. Therefore, if free Qmax is >15 ml/sec or MVV is >350 ml, PFS may be not essential. On the contrary, if free Qmax and MVV are below these levels, PFS may be indicated to evaluate the presence of BOO.
Preview · Article · Sep 2009 · Korean journal of urology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose: Our study aimed to determine whether the severity of damage to the contralateral testis by ipsilateral testicular torsion/detorsion in pubertal rats, which have an incomplete blood-testis barrier, is different from that in adult rats. Materials and Methods: We divided pubertal (6 weeks, n=17) and adult (10 weeks, n=17) Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats into group S (sham; n=5), group O (orchiectomy; n=6), and group D (detorsion; n=6). After 4 hours' torsion of the ipsilateral testis, we applied orchiectomy (group O) and detorsion (group D) depending on the group and compared the histopathologic changes and germ cell apoptosis of the contralateral testis at the age of 13 weeks. Results: In each age group, increased interstitial area, edema, and germ cell sloughing were observed in group D. The mean seminiferous tubule diameter decreased more in group D than in group S or O in each age group (p<0.05). The mean germ cell layer thickness and number of spermatids per tubule decreased more in group D than in group S or O in each age group; additionally, in group D, values decreased more in pubertal rats than in adult ones (p<0.05, respectively). The mean numbers of terminal deoxyuridine nick-end labeling (TUNEL)-positive cells were less than 1.0 in groups S and O, which was smaller than in group D (p<0.05); additionally, in group D, this value tended to be higher in pubertal rats than in adult ones (p=0.057). Conclusions: SD rats with a detorsioned testis had more severe damage to the contralateral testis than did those undergoing orchiectomy of the torsioned testis. Also, when comparing the severity of damage to the contralateral testis after ipsilateral torsion/detorsion between pubertal and adult rats, rats at a pubertal age, when most testicular torsions occur in clinical situations, had more severe damage than did those at an adult age.
Preview · Article · Jul 2009 · Korean journal of urology