Publications (4)10.65 Total impact
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The tuber of Scirpus yagara Ohwi. (Cyperaceae) has long been used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Several chemical constituents isolated from it possess a variety of physiologically activities such as anti-inflammatory, antitumor and antioxidant. A simultaneous high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis was developed and validated for the determination of nine active components in tubers and aerial parts of S. yagara. The analysis was performed on a YMC-Pack ODS-A column (4.6 × 250 mm, 5 μm, 30 nm) with a multilinear gradient mobile phase of water–formic acid (100 : 0.2, v/v) and methanol. The established HPLC method was validated in terms of linearity, sensitivity, precision, accuracy, recovery and stability. All analyzed components were detected in the whole tested samples, and the contents of most components in the aerial parts were even higher than those in the tubers. Moreover, the best harvest period was discovered to be November, which is different from the traditional. The method developed was successfully applied for simultaneous qualitative and quantitative analysis of nine active components in S. yagara.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Sepsis is characterized by an overwhelming systemic inflammation and multiple organ injury. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) 2 and 4 mediate these inflammatory responses. Sparstolonin B (SsnB), isolated from Chinese herb Scirpus yagara, is a new selective TLR2/4 antagonist. Herein, we report that SsnB inhibited the expression of various inflammatory mediators such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 (CCL-2) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)- or Pam3csk4-stimulated macrophages. Moreover, in LPS-stimulated macrophages, the downregulation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPAR-γ) was reversed by SsnB dose-dependently; and SsnB had synergistic inhibitory effects with rosiglitazone, a PPAR-γ agonist, on TNF-α and IL-6 expression in LPS-stimulated macrophages. The effects of SsnB were further evaluated in a mouse endotoxin shock model. When intraperitoneal injected in mice 2days before or 1-2h after LPS challenge, SsnB attenuated the body temperature reduction and decreased the mortality. SsnB pre-treatment significantly suppressed LPS-induced increase of TNF-α and IL-6 in serum, lungs and livers, and substantially attenuated lung dysfunction in mice. In vivo toxicity test showed that at doses as high as 500mg/kg, SsnB did not cause death of mice. These results suggest that SsnB protects mice against endotoxin shock by inhibiting production of multiple cytokines and lung dysfunction. In conclusion, our findings indicate that SsnB may be used in the prevention and treatment of endotoxin shock. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Sparstolonin B (SsnB) is an isocoumarin compound isolated from the tubers of both Sparganium stoloniferum and Scirpus yagara. We previously demonstrated that SsnB blocked the Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2- and TLR4-triggered inflammatory signaling in macrophages by inhibiting the recruitment of MyD88 to the TIR domains of TLR2 and TLR4. The present study was designed to examine the effects of SsnB on vascular inflammatory responses in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) challenged by lipopolysaccharide (LPS, a TLR4 ligand). We found that SsnB dose-dependently attenuated the LPS-induced expression of interleukin (IL)-1β and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 both at the transcription and translation levels in HUVEC. LPS-induced endothelial cell adhesion molecules, intercellular adhesion molecular-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 expressions were also reduced by treatment with SsnB. In addition, co-incubation with SsnB attenuated THP-1 monocyte adhesion to LPS-activated HUVECs. Furthermore, SsnB efficiently suppressed LPS-induced phosphorylation of extracellular -signal-regulated kinase (Erk1/2) and Akt in HUVECs. These findings show that SsnB can suppress endothelial cell inflammation, suggesting that SsnB might be suitable for development as a therapeutic agent for inflammatory cardiovascular disease.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Blockade of excessive Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling is a therapeutic approach being actively pursued for many inflammatory diseases. Here we report a Chinese herb-derived compound, sparstolonin B (SsnB), which selectively blocks TLR2- and TLR4-mediated inflammatory signaling. SsnB was isolated from a Chinese herb, Spaganium stoloniferum; its structure was determined by NMR spectroscopy and x-ray crystallography. SsnB effectively inhibited inflammatory cytokine expression in mouse macrophages induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS, a TLR4 ligand), Pam3CSK4 (a TLR1/TLR2 ligand), and Fsl-1 (a TLR2/TLR6 ligand) but not that by poly(I:C) (a TLR3 ligand) or ODN1668 (a TLR9 ligand). It suppressed LPS-induced cytokine secretion from macrophages and diminished phosphorylation of Erk1/2, p38a, IκBα, and JNK in these cells. In THP-1 cells expressing a chimeric receptor CD4-TLR4, which triggers constitutive NF-κB activation, SsnB effectively blunted the NF-κB activity. Co-immunoprecipitation showed that SsnB reduced the association of MyD88 with TLR4 and TLR2, but not that with TLR9, in HEK293T cells and THP-1 cells overexpressing MyD88 and TLRs. Furthermore, administration of SsnB suppressed splenocyte inflammatory cytokine expression in mice challenged with LPS. These results demonstrate that SsnB acts as a selective TLR2 and TLR4 antagonist by blocking the early intracellular events in the TLR2 and TLR4 signaling. Thus, SssB may serve as a promising lead for the development of selective TLR antagonistic agents for inflammatory diseases.
Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Nan-ching, Jiangsu Sheng, China
- • Jiangsu Key Laboratory for TCM Formulae Research
- • Department of Pharmacy