[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: New molecular methods of research have greatly expanded the knowledge about the role of cytokines in several diseases, including psoriasis. The work orchestrated by these peptides is essential for the communication between resident inflammatory cells (keratinocytes and endothelial cells) and infiltrating cells (neutrophils, lymphocytes, Langerhans cells). This is a complex network due to redundancy, synergism and, sometimes, the antagonism of cytokines, which prevents full understanding of the pathogenesis of the disease. Currently, it seems premature to try to establish a main actor, but TNFalpha participates in all stages of psoriatic plaque development, as we shall see.
Full-text · Article · Oct 2012 · Anais brasileiros de dermatologia
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a case of primary adenoid cystic carcinoma of the skin in a 44-year-old Brazilian man that was present for 6 years with no metastasis. It is a rare malignant neoplasm of the eccrine gland. Metastases have been found in a few cases, usually to the lungs or lymph nodes. This neoplasm microscopically presents with large nests of cells with adenoid or cribriform features and many epithelial small solid islands. Histopathologic analysis is necessary for diagnosis.
No preview · Article · May 2011 · Cutis; cutaneous medicine for the practitioner
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cyclosporine is a potent immunosupressor, which induces cytokeratin expression pattern changes and dermal dendrocytes number increase.
To evaluate its clinical effect in psoriasis, on keratinocytic proliferation and differentiation, and on dermal dendrocytes proliferation.
Thirty patients with psoriasis were treated and evaluated for 8 weeks. Clinical improvement was evaluated by Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI). Biopsies were performed initially and after 8 weeks. Immunohistochemistry [CK markers 10, 14, and 16, and factor XIIIa+ (FXIIIa+)] was performed.
Mean PASI before treatment was 26.32 and 3.71 after. Mean initial and final PASI difference was 22.61 (p < 0.001). Two patients had serum creatinine and six uric acid increase. Before and after treatment, mean numbers per field of dermal dendrocytes were 7.07 and 3.68, respectively. Mean difference was 3.39, with p < 0.001. CK10 immunohistochemical pattern demonstrated recovery of normal expression pattern in 26 patients, while CK14 pattern demonstrated improvement in 21 patients.
Cyclosporine was effective and safe for psoriasis in low doses, with significant decrease of PASI and dermal dendrocytes number after 8 weeks of therapy. CK10 and 14 pattern changed and, less prominently, CK16 expression. These modifications occur later than the PASI and dermal dendrocytes variation.
No preview · Article · Jan 2007 · Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We present a case of eosinophilic fasciitis, or Shulman syndrome, in a 35-year-old man and discuss its clinical and histopathologic aspects, as well as its relationship to scleroderma. Although controversial, the tendency is to set Shulman syndrome apart from all other sclerodermiform states.
No preview · Article · May 2005 · Cutis; cutaneous medicine for the practitioner