[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this paper, the 7 different origin before redrying raw tobacco & after redrying sheet tobacco’s online near infrared spectroscopy were collected from sorting & redrying production line specifically for “ZHONGHUA” brand. By using the projection model bulit by different origin tobacco’s online spectroscopy and the method of variance and correlation analysis, we studied the uniformity and similarity quality characteristics change before and after the redrying of tobacco, which can provide support for understanding the quality of the tobacco material and cigarette product formulations. This study show that selecting about 10 000 by equally spaced sampling time from a huge number of online near infrared spectroscopy, for modeling are feasible, and representative. After manual sorting, threshing, and redrying, the uiformity of each origin tobacco near-infrared spectroscopy can be increased by 10%35%homogeneity of the tobacco leaf has been significantly improved. After redrying, the similar relationship embodied in the origin also have significant changes, overall it reduce significantly, that shows the quality differences embodied by origin significantly improve, which can provide greater space for formulations, it shows the need for high-quality Chinese cigarette production requires large amounts of financial and human resources to implement cured tobacco processing. The traditional means of chemical analysis, it takes a lot of time and effort, it is difficult to control the entire processing chain, Near Infrared Spectroscopy with its rapid, non-destructive advantage, not only can achieve real-time detection and quality control, but also can take full advantage of near-infrared spectroscopy information created in the production process, which is a very promising online analytical detection technology in many industries especially in the agricultural and food processing industries.
No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Guang pu xue yu guang pu fen xi = Guang pu
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In the present paper, a total of 4 733 flue-cured tobacco samples collected from 2003 to 2012 in 17 provincial origins and 5 ecological areas were tested by near infrared spectroscopy, including the NONG(Luzhou) flavor 1 580 cartons, QING(Fen) flavor 2004 cartons and Intermediate flavor 1 149 cartons. Using projection model based on principal component and Fisher criterion (PPF), Projection analysis models of tobacco ecological regions and style characteristics were established. Reasonableness of style flavor division is illustrated by the model results of tobacco ecological areas. With the Euclidean distance between the predicted sample projection values and the mean projection values of each class in style characteristics model, a description is given for the prediction samples to quantify the extent of the style features, and their first and second close categories. Using the dispersion of projected values in model and the given threshold value, prediction results can be refined into typical NONG, NONG to Intermediate,Intermediate to NONG, typical Intermediate, Intermediate to QING, QING to Intermediate, typical QING, QINGto NONG, NONG to QING, or super-model range. The model was validated by 35 tobacco samples obtained from the re-dryingprocess in 2012 with different origins and parts. This kind of analysis methods not only can achieve discriminant analysis, but also can get richer feature attribute information and provide guidance to raw tobacco processing and formulations.
No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Guang pu xue yu guang pu fen xi = Guang pu
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A total of 96 red wines aged with 3 kinds of methods were included in this study, including 44 wines aged in oak barrel, 26 wines aged in stainless steel tank added with oak chips and 26 wines aged in stainless steel tanks. The infrared spectra of the wines were scanned by Fourier transform infrared spectrometer with attenuated total reflection (ATR) accessories. To classify the 96 different aged wines, discriminant partial least squares (DPLS) method and support vector machine (SVM) method were used to establish models respectively. In order to examine the stability of the discriminant model, modeling was repeated 10 times with two-thirds of samples randomly selected as cross-validation. All the models had high discriminating power with the classification accuracy of the cross-validation and the validation all higher than 90%. These results suggest that the infrared ATR spectroscopy combined with pattern recognition method is a promising tool for discriminating different aging wines.
No preview · Article · Apr 2012 · Guang pu xue yu guang pu fen xi = Guang pu
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Four hundred ninety five samples from 3 parts of tobacco were collected from 11 different ecological environments in 2010 to analyze the characteristics of tobaccos in different ecological environments with near infrared spectroscopy. The results indicate that the differences are remarkable both between lower and upper parts and between lower and middle parts of tobacco, while negligible between upper and middle parts of tobacco under the same ecological environment. Good stability and consistency were showed by the similarity of characteristics of tobaccos under different ecological environments, and the projection correlation coefficient of analysis set and validation set is over 98%. This article also proposes a method of measuring the similarity between characteristics of tobaccos from different ecological environments. The results can provide reference data to quantify tobacco's planting programming, production processing and quality management.
No preview · Article · Mar 2012 · Guang pu xue yu guang pu fen xi = Guang pu
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The appearance features of tobacco reflect its inner quality. Many factors, such as different plant parts, variety and maturity, provide standard and foundation for tobacco production processing. According to the different position of tobacco plant parts, tobacco plants leaves can be divided into five parts as tip, upper-middle, middle, lower-middle and priming leaf respectively. Five hundred tobacco leaf samples (100 each for one of five tobacco plant parts) from Yunnan province in 2008 were collected using near infrared spectroscopy, which all belong to tobacco varieties of K326. The similarity analysis of tobacco plant parts was carried out using mathematical model of SIMCA similarity analysis. The conclusion showed that the tobacco plant parts similarity results based on near-infrared spectroscopy corresponded to the relative tobacco plant parts in Yunnan province. The farther two tobacco plant parts were away from each other, the lower the similarity of corresponding parts was. And the similarity results of adjacent tobacco plant parts were different. The study discussed a method of confirming PC numbers and realized the quantitative similarity analysis between classes. It is instructive in replacement or adjustment of tobacco leaf blending and evaluation of tobacco industrial grading.
No preview · Article · Apr 2011 · Guang pu xue yu guang pu fen xi = Guang pu
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In the process of analyzing and designing tobacco redrying formula using near infrared spectroscopy, a great deal of spectra for different ratio mixed samples are badly needed. However these sample spectra are very hard to obtain in the actual production process. Furthermore, for the samples of different grades it is difficult to achieve the goal of even mixing, in consequence of introducing inevitable errors. In order to solve the above problems, the present paper proposes to use "theory of even mixed spectrum" produced by linear additive near infrared spectroscopy in place of the spectra of actual mixed samples. This way can not only eliminate the errors caused by uneven mixture, but also leave out the course of mixing samples and measuring spectra and save time, effort, and material simultaneously. This article analyzes the comparison between linear additive spectra and the spectra of actual mixed samples from the following four aspects: original spectra, derivative spectra, principal components, and the data of PPF projection, accordingly verifing the feasibility and superiority of the linear additive spectra.
No preview · Article · Feb 2011 · Guang pu xue yu guang pu fen xi = Guang pu