[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the efficacy of bone cement-augmented percutaneous short segment fixation for treating Kummell's disease accompanied by severe osteoporosis.
From 2009 to 2013, ten patients with single-level Kummell's disease accompanied by severe osteoporosis were enrolled in this study. After postural reduction for 1-2 days, bone cement-augmented percutaneous short segment fixation was performed at one level above, one level below, and at the collapsed vertebra. Clinical results, radiological parameters, and related complications were assessed preoperatively and at 1 month and 12 months after surgery.
Prior to surgery, the mean pain score on the visual analogue scale was 8.5±1.5. One month after the procedure, this score improved to 2.2±2.0 and the improvement was maintained at 12 months after surgery. The mean preoperative vertebral height loss was 48.2±10.5%, and the surgical procedure reduced this loss to 22.5±12.4%. In spite of some recurrent height loss, significant improvement was achieved at 12 months after surgery compared to preoperative values. The kyphotic angle improved significantly from 22.4±4.9° before the procedure to 10.1±3.8° after surgery and the improved angle was maintained at 12 months after surgery despite a slight correction loss. No patient sustained adjacent fractures after bone cement-augmented percutaneous short segment fixation during the follow-up period. Asymptomatic cement leakage into the paravertebral area was observed in one patient, but no major complications were seen.
Bone cement-augmented percutaneous short segment fixation can be an effective and safe procedure for Kummell's disease.
Preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological results of instrumented posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) using an unilateral cage.
Seventeen patients with unilateral radiculopathy who underwent bilateral percutaneous screw fixation with a single fusion cage inserted on the symptomatic side for treatment of focal degenerative lumbar spine disease were prospectively enrolled in this study. Their clinical results, radiological parameters, and related complications were assessed 10 days, 3 months, and 12 months postoperatively.
There was no pseudarthrosis, instrumented fusion failure, significant cage subsidence, or retropulsion in any patient. The surgery restored the disc space height and maintained it as of 12 months postoperatively and did not exacerbate the lumbar lordotic and scoliotic angles. All patients had excellent or good outcomes according to the modified MacNab's criteria. The mean pain score according to the visual analogue scale was 7.5 preoperatively but had improved to 2.5 when reassessed 3 months postoperatively. The improvement was maintained as of 12 months postoperatively.
In cases of uncomplicated unilateral radiculopathy, PLIF using a single cage can be an effective and safe procedure with the advantage of preserving the posterior elements of the contralateral side. A shorter operative time and greater cost-effectiveness than for PLIF using bilateral cages can be expected.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Complete resection of the thymus is considered appropriate for a thymoma resection because any remaining thymic tissue can lead to local recurrence. However, there are few studies concerning the extent of thymus resection. Therefore, we conducted a retrospective study to investigate whether recurrence following thymoma resection correlated to the extent of resection.
Between 1986 and 2011, a total of 491 patients underwent resection of thymic epithelial tumors with curative intent. Of those, we excluded patients with an undetermined World Health Organization (WHO) histologic type, patients with type C thymoma, and patients who underwent incomplete resection (n = 21). The remaining 342 patients were reviewed retrospectively and compared recurrence according to the extent of resection.
Extended thymectomy was performed in 239 patients (69.9%) and limited thymectomy was performed 103 patients (30.1%). In the extended thymectomy group, 29 recurrences occurred, and in the limited thymectomy group, 10 recurrences occurred.Comparing rates of freedom from recurrence between two groups, there was no significant statistical difference in total recurrence (p =0.472) or local recurrence (p =0.798). After matching patients by stage and tumor size, there was no significant difference in freedom from recurrence between the two groups (p = 0.162). Additionally, after adjusting for histologic type and MG, there was also no significant difference (p = 0.125) between groups.
No difference in the rate of recurrence was observed in patients following limited thymectomy compared with extended thymectomy.
Preview · Article · Mar 2014 · Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We propose a three-dimensional (3D) image encryption method based on the modified computational integral imaging (CII) technique with the smart pixel mapping (SPM) algorithm, which is introduced for reconstructing orthoscopic 3D images with improved image quality. The depth-converted two-dimensional (2D) elemental image array (EIA) is firstly obtained by SPM-based CII system, and then the 2D EIA is encrypted by Fibonacci transform for 3D image encryption. Compared with conventional encryption methods based on integral imaging (II), the proposed method enables us to reconstruct orthoscopic 3D images at long distance. In addition, the qualities of the reconstructed plane images are enhanced by applying the SPM and pixel average algorithm (PAA) in CII. To show the usefulness of the proposed method, we carry out the preliminary experiments and present the experimental results.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Forceful contractions of neck and jaw muscles have consistently been shown to modulate tinnitus and can be used to screen patients who are responsive to somatic stimulation and, therefore, optimal candidates for somatosensory-based treatment. To identify the factors associated with somatic modulation of tinnitus, 163 patients underwent 19 neck and jaw maneuvers after an extensive physiological and audiological profile was compiled. Overall, tinnitus was modulated in 57.1% of ears tested. Unilateral tinnitus showed greater prevalence of modulation. Neck maneuvers generally decreased tinnitus loudness, whereas jaw maneuvers increased loudness. Female gender and buzzing tinnitus were associated with a high prevalence of modulation and a decrease in tinnitus loudness. Loud tinnitus and low-pitched tonal tinnitus were associated with exacerbation of the condition as a result of somatic testing. Use of these characteristics to select optimal candidates for somatosensory-based tinnitus therapies may be essential for the development of an effective approach for tinnitus treatment.
Full-text · Article · Jul 2013 · Audiology and Neurotology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background
Adenoid cystic cancer arising in the salivary glands has distinctive features such as perineural invasion, distant metastasis, and a variable prognosis. In salivary gland cancer, c-kit, EGFR, and VEGF are representative molecular markers that may predict remnant and recurrent tumors. In this study, the expression of c-kit, EGFR, and VEGF in adenoid cystic cancer was evaluated, and the relationships between the expression of these markers and the clinical findings were investigated.
The medical records of 48 patients who were treated for parotid adenoid cystic cancer from January 1990 to January 2006 were reviewed. The tumor location, size, histological subtypes, perineural invasion, the resected margin status, and lymph node metastasis were assessed. Immunohistochemical staining and semiquantitative analysis of c-kit, EGFR and VEGF were performed. The relationship between the expression of each marker and the clinicopathological factors were analyzed.
Positive c-kit immunostaining was present in 45 patients (94%), with weak positivity (+1) in 23, moderate positivity (+2) in 19 and strong positivity (+3) in three. Positive EGFR immunostaining was observed in 27 (56%), with weak positivity (+1) in 19 and moderate positivity (+2) in eight with no strong positive staining. Positive VEGF immunostaining was present in 42 patients (88%) with weak positivity (+1) in 12, moderate positivity (+2) in 17, and strong positivity (+3) in 13. Only the expression of VEGF was significantly higher in parotid gland tumors than in any other gland (P = 0.032). Marginal involvement was associated with strong VEGF expression (P = 0.02). No marker was significantly correlated with recurrence or the survival rate. Lymph node status was related to the survival rate.
The expression of c-kit, EGRF, and VEGF had no predictive value for recurrence or the prognosis of adenoid cystic cancer. Only the lymph node status was related to the prognosis.
Full-text · Article · Dec 2012 · World Journal of Surgical Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chronic spinal epidural hematoma related to Kummell's disease is extremely rare. An 82-year-old woman who had been managed conservatively for seven weeks with the diagnosis of a multi-level osteoporotic compression fracture was transferred to our institute. Lumbar spine magnetic resonance images revealed vertebral body collapse with the formation of a cavitary lesion at L1, and a chronic spinal epidural hematoma extending from L1 to L3. Because of intractable back pain, a percutaneous vertebroplasty was performed. The pain improved dramatically and follow-up magnetic resonance imaging obtained three days after the procedure showed a nearly complete resolution of the hematoma. Here, we present the rare case of a chronic spinal epidural hematoma associated with Kummell's disease and discuss the possible mechanism.
Preview · Article · Apr 2011 · Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Subdural empyema is a rare form of intracranial sepsis associated with high morbidity and mortality. The most frequent cause is extension of paranasal sinusitis through emissary veins or of mastoiditis through the mucosa, bone, and dura mater. Development of subdural empyema after pyogenic meningitis is known to be very unusual in adults. We report a rare case of fatal subdural empyema, an unusual complication of pyogenic meningitis. Our bitter experience suggests that subdural empyema should be borne in mind in patient with pyogenic meningitis who exhibit neurological deterioration.
Preview · Article · Mar 2011 · Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Kalopanax pictus is a deciduous tree used in traditional medicine; its leaves are also consumed as a vegetable. In this study, the ethyl acetate fraction of K. pictus leaves (EFK) was tested in vitro for anticancer activity against four cell lines: human colon cancer (HT-29) cells, human stomach cancer (NCI-N87) cells, human breast cancer (MDA-MB231) cells, and mouse melanoma (B16F1) cells. Results indicated that EFK showed the most potent tumor selective growth inhibitory activity against HT-29 cells with less cytotoxic effect on normal cell lines. Cytotoxicity of EFK on HT-29 cells was associated mainly with cell chromatin condensation, DNA fragmentation, and loss of membrane phospholipid asymmetry with appearance of G2/M phase arrest. Cell death induced by EFK displayed features characteristic of apoptosis, and was associated with generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and increase of Bax/Bcl-2 ratio. These findings suggest that K. pictus leaves have anticancer properties and may be valuable for application in pharmaceutical industry.
No preview · Article · Dec 2010 · Bioresource Technology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In general, beam current measurements are very important for many kinds of experiments using highly energetic particle beams at accelerators, such as cyclotrons, linacs, etc. The Faraday cup is known to be one of the most popular beam current measurement tools. We developed an external Faraday cup to measure the beam current at a dedicated beam line for low-flux experiments installed at the MC-50 cyclotron of Korea Institute of Radiological & Medical Sciences (KIRAMS). It was designed for external beam current measurements and is composed of a vacuum chamber, an entrance window, a collimator, a electrostatic suppressor ring, and a cup. The window is made of 75-um-thick Kapton film, and the diameter of the collimator is 10 mm or 20 mm. The ring and the cup has 5-cm inner diameters, and the thickness of the bottom of the cup is 2 cm, which is enough to absorb the total proton energy up to 45 MeV. Using this external Faraday cup, we measured the beam current from the cyclotron, and we compared measured flux to the results from film dosimetry using GAF films.
Preview · Article · Jun 2010 · Journal- Korean Physical Society
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Two different species of hawthorn, Crataegus pinnatifida Bunge var. typica Schneider (CBS) and Crataegus pinnatifida Bunge (CB) are traditional medicinal plants, which belong to the Crataegus genus of the Rosaceae family. In this study, the antioxidant, anti-α-glucosidase, and anti-inflammatory activities of CBS
and CB methanolic extracts were measured. The CB extract showed significantly higher antioxidant activity than CBS extract
by several antioxidants properties. Anti-diabetes activity was expressed as α-glucosidase inhibits activity, both extracts
showed very low anti-diabetes activity. Furthermore, the inhibitory activity on lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced nitric oxide
(NO) production and pro-inflammatory iNOS and COX-2 mRNA levels were measured. The CBS extract exhibited stronger anti-inflammatory
activity than CB extract. Compared the present findings of 2 kinds of Crataegus species, the CB is more suitable for further anti-oxidative research. However, the CBS can potentially be developed into
products for the prevention of inflammatory related diseases.
Keywordsantioxidant activity-anti-α-glucosidase-anti-inflammatory activity-DNA damage-
No preview · Article · Jun 2010 · Food science and biotechnology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The inhibitory efficacies of new bile acid acylated-heparin derivative (heparin-DOCA) were evaluated on experimental lung metastasis. We evaluated the effect of heparin-DOCA on intercellular interactions including those between B16F10 and thrombin-activated platelets and TNF-alpha-activated HUVECs, and between B16F10 and immobilized mouse P-selectin. In addition, the inhibitory effects of heparin-DOCA on adhesion and invasion of B16F10 to Matrigel were studied. In an animal mouse study, the blood clot formation and the retention of red fluorescence protein (RFP)-B16F10 in lungs were assessed after heparin-DOCA and RFP-B16F10 intravenous administration. Furthermore, we investigated the anti-metastatic effect of heparin-DOCA against lung metastasis induced by B16F10 and SCC7. Heparin-DOCA inhibited intercellular interactions between B16F10 and activated platelets or activated HUVECs by blocking P- and E-selectin-mediated interactions. Moreover, it reduced adhesion and invasion of B16F10 to ECM, thereby affecting the reduction of early retention of B16F10 in the lung. Heparin-DOCA attenuated lung colony formation on the surfaces and in interior of the lung, and attenuated metastasis by B16F10 and SCC7. These results suggest that heparin-DOCA may have potentials as therapeutic agent that prevents tumor metastasis and progression.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chemically modified heparin-DOCA was prepared and found to have markedly lower anticoagulant activity than heparin. In the present study, we elucidated the antiangiogenic and antitumoral activities of heparin-DOCA derivative.
To evaluate the antiangiogenic and antitumoral effects of heparin-DOCA, capillary-like tube formation assay, Matrigel plug assay in vivo, western blotting for FGFR phosphorylation, ERK and p38 MAPK activities, tumor growth of SCC in vivo and immunostaining of blood vessels in tumor tissues were performed.
Heparin-DOCA inhibited capillary-like tubular structures of endothelial cells and bFGF-induced neovascularizations in Matrigel plug assays. Signaling experiments showed that heparin-DOCA significantly inhibited angiogenesis by suppressing the phosphorylation of FGFR and its downstream signal pathways (ERK and p38 MAPK activities). The antiangiogenic activity of this heparin derivative was found to be closely associated with antitumoral activity in a mouse model. In addition, histological evaluations supported the inhibitory effect of heparin-DOCA on blood vessel formation in tumor tissues.
Heparin-DOCA derivative exerted a significant antitumoral effect by inhibiting angiogenesis resulting from the disruption of FGF/FGFR and its downstream signal pathways, and could be applied to treat various angiogenic diseases.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2007 · Pharmaceutical Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The GSTP1 and NQO1 have been reported to be associated with an increased risk for smoking related head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of these metabolic gene polymorphisms on the risk of HNSCC. The study population included 294 histologically confirmed HNSCC cases and 333 controls without cancer. Genotyping analysis of the GSTP1 Ile105Val and NQO1 Trp139Arg genes was performed by polymerase chain reaction-based techniques on DNA prepared from peripheral blood. The Mantel-Haenszel chi2 test was used for statistical analysis. The allele frequencies of the GSTP1 and NQO1 polymorphisms were not statistically significant between cases and controls. In analyzing the association between smoking amounts and genetic polymorphisms, GSTP1 and NQO1 polymorphisms were associated with cigarette smoking amounts in cases. G allele containing genotypes in GSTP1 and T allele containing genotypes in NQO1 were associated with a tobacco dose-dependent increase in risk of HNSCC and these genotype distributions were statistically significant (p<0.05). We found that the GSTP1 105Val allele and NQO1 139Arg allele were associated with tobacco dose-dependent increase in risk of HNSCC. GSTP1 and NQO1 genotype polymorphisms may play an important role in the development of smoking related HNSCC.
Preview · Article · Dec 2006 · Journal of Korean Medical Science