[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Depression after myocardial infarction (MI) is a frequent disorder and it increases the long-term risk of cardiac mortality.
To assess the frequency of depressive symptoms and the history of depression in hospitalized post-MI patients.
During three months, depressive symptoms and history of depression were studied in 47 consecutive patients (mean age 59.8+/-9.5 years, 68% male), admitted for MI to the Barros Luco Trudeau Hospital. The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI 2.1) were used with DSM-IV diagnosis criteria.
According to the results obtained using the CIDI, 27,7% of the patients had a history of depression. This occurred in 53,3% of women and 15,6% of men (p <0.01). During the hospitalization, 38.3% of patients had depressive symptoms (BDI > or =17 points), affecting 60% of women and 28,1% of men (p <0.02). In women and patients with history of depression, depressive symptoms tended to be more common and more severe.
Depressive symptoms in post-MI patients are frequent and attending physicians should actively detect them.
Full-text · Article · Sep 2005 · Revista medica de Chile
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assess the beliefs of climacteric women regarding their health, menopause, and hormone replacement therapy (HRT).
Medical students asked to interview 526 healthy women, ranging from 40 to 64 years of age, between January and February of 2002. Of that number, 26 (4.9%) declined to participate in the interview. Thus, 500 women were interviewed about their beliefs and perceptions regarding their quality of life and health risks, as well as their opinions on menopause and HRT.
The mean age of the sample was 53.3 +/- 6.2 years; 83.4% were postmenopausal, and 18.8% were HRT users. Of the women interviewed, 38.6% believed that their health was good. Although 78.8% thought that cancer is the main cause of death, 64% of them considered themselves to be at high risk for cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis. Most (64%) believed that menopause deteriorates the quality of life and that it increases cardiovascular risk (52.4%) and osteoporosis (72.0%). The HRT users perceived that they had better health status (48.9% v 36.2%, P < 0.02) and smaller cardiovascular risk (54.3% v 66.3%, P < 0.04) than did the nonusers; however, they ignored the preventive effect of estrogens in osteoporosis.
Women believe that menopause deteriorates their health. The HRT users perceived themselves to be healthier and to have a smaller risk for cardiovascular disease.