[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose:
To investigate whether preoperative urodynamic detrusor overactivity (DO) contributes to post-prostatectomy incontinence (PPI).
We systematically searched the online PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases spanning the period of January 1989 to December 2014.
A total of nine articles met the eligibility criteria for this systematic review. The eligible studies included a total of 457 patients with a median number of 58 patients per study (range 17-92). Of the nine studies, five conducted open retropubic radical prostatectomy (RRP), two performed robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP), and two others utilized multiple modalities. PPI was more likely to occur in patients with preoperative DO [pooled odds ratio (OR) 2.30; 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.39-3.82; studies 9; participants 419], as compared to patients who were DO negative. Sensitivity analysis using the subgroups of RRP (OR 2.32; 95 % CI 1.11-4.85), RALP (OR 3.41; 95 % CI 1.55-7.47), DO defined as any amplitude of involuntary contraction (OR 2.32; 95 % CI 1.11-4.85), no postoperative intervention (OR 2.32; 95 % CI 1.11-4.85), and outcome evaluation after 6 months (OR 2.32; 95 % CI 1.11-4.85) demonstrated consistent results. Although some comparisons showed inter-study heterogeneity, there was no clear evidence of publication bias in this meta-analysis.
Our meta-analysis results suggest that preoperative DO is another possible underlying mechanism for PPI.
Full-text · Article · Oct 2015 · International Urology and Nephrology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine whether the prevalence of prostate cancer is associated with a decrease in bone mineral density (BMD) compared to a healthy control group and to identify the factors associated with osteoporosis in patients diagnosed with prostate cancer before the initiation of any kind of treatment.
A retrospective study was conducted in 582 patients with prostate cancer and 2536 healthy men. Confounding variables affecting BMD, including age, serum testosterone, body mass index (BMI), diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and smoking were matched in the 2 study groups using propensity score analysis.
The propensity score model included 6 variables, and matching by propensity score yielded 502 patients in the prostate cancer group matched to 502 men in the healthy control group. On the basis of the lowest T-score available, a high prevalence of osteoporosis was found in the prostate cancer group (P = .0001). Prostate cancer was the factor correlating significantly with osteoporosis before propensity score matching (odds ratio [OR] 2.96, P <.001) and after propensity score matching (OR 3.22, P <.001). By multivariate analysis, conducted to assess the significance of each variable affecting the development of osteoporosis in patients with prostate cancer, bone metastasis was found to be an independent predictor of osteoporosis (OR 3.45, P = .002), along with BMI (continuous, OR 0.75, P <.001).
After controlling for variables affecting BMD, prostate cancer was a risk factor for osteoporosis. Measurement of BMD is a logical first step in the clinical strategy to avoid or minimize potential bone-related complications in men with prostate cancer, especially if they have bone metastasis and a slender stature.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Study Type – Therapy (case series)
Level of Evidence 4
What's known on the subject? and What does the study add?
To date, studies to evaluate clinical significance of prostate cancer detected on repeat biopsy in patients who underwent radical prostatectomy have yielded inconsistent results.
The present study confirms that prostate cancer diagnosed after repeat biopsies is related to better pathological outcomes after radical prostatectomy, but not predictive of biochemical recurrence. Additionally, we find that the number of cores taken at initial biopsy do not affect the association between the number of previous biopsies and the prognosis.
No preview · Article · Sep 2011 · BJU International
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The prognosis of patients with malignant pheochromocytoma is poor, but the predictive factors are not well understood. We aimed to identify the clinical characteristics predictive of malignancy after initial surgical removal in patients with pheochromocytoma.
We retrospectively reviewed the records of 152 patients diagnosed with pheochromocytoma, including 5 (3.3%) with metastasis at the time of the initial surgical excision and 12 (7.9%) who developed metastasis during follow-up. To determine the factors predictive of malignancy, we compared clinical, radiographical, and urinary chemical findings between patients with benign and malignant disease. Mean follow-up was 41.5 months (range, 0.9-298 months) after surgery.
Malignant tumors were significantly larger than benign tumors (11.1±4.0 cm vs. 6.2±3.4 cm, p<0.001), and postoperative persistence of arterial hypertension was more frequent after removal of malignant than benign tumors (p=0.001). Among the 147 patients without metastatic disease at diagnosis, those who developed metastasis had significantly lower concentrations of urinary catecholamine metabolites per unit of tumor, including vanillylmandelic acid (1.2 vs. 3.7 mg/day/cm, p=0.049), epinephrine (4.5 vs. 168.9 µg/day/cm, p=0.008), and norepinephrine (13.1 vs. 121.8 mg/day/cm, p<0.001). The overall 5-year metastasis-free survival rate was 84.4% and was significantly higher in patients with smaller tumors (≤5.5 vs. >5.5 cm; 90.6% vs. 81.2%, p=0.025) and higher 24-hour secretion of vanillylmandelic acid (>2.1 vs. ≤2.1 mg/day/cm; 94.9% vs. 70.9%, p=0.019).
Large tumor size (>5.5 cm) and minimally elevated 24-hour urinary vanillylmandelic acid (≤2.1 mg/day/cm) were significantly associated with a higher probability of a malignant pheochromocytoma portending a lower metastasis-free survival and mandating more rigorous follow-up after surgery.
Preview · Article · Apr 2011 · Korean journal of urology