[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: COPD is associated with increased arterial stiffness which may in part explain the cardiovascular morbidity observed in the disease. A causal relationship between arterial stiffness and cardiovascular events has not been established, though their strong association raises the possibility that therapies that reduce arterial stiffness may improve cardiovascular outcomes. Prior studies suggest that fluticasone propionate/salmeterol (FSC) may improve cardiovascular outcomes in COPD and we hypothesized that FSC would reduce arterial stiffness in these patients.
This multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study compared the effects of FSC 250/50 μg twice-daily and placebo on aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV) as determined by ECG-gated carotid and femoral artery waveforms. The primary endpoint was aPWV change from baseline at 12-weeks (last measure for each patient).
249 patients were randomized; the mean FEV(1) in each group was similar (55% predicted) and 60% of patients reported a cardiovascular disorder. At 12-weeks, aPWV between FSC and placebo was -0.42 m/s (95%CI -0.88, 0.03; p = 0.065). A statistically significant reduction in aPWV between FSC and placebo was observed in those who remained on study drug throughout the treatment period [-0.49 m/s (95%CI -0.98, -0.01; p = 0.045)]. A post hoc analysis suggested the effect of FSC was greater in patients with higher baseline aPWV.
FSC does not reduce aPWV in all patients with moderate to severe COPD, but may have effects in those with elevated arterial stiffness. Additional studies are required to determine if aPWV could serve as a surrogate for cardiovascular events in COPD.
Full-text · Article · Jun 2011 · Respiratory medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To estimate the prevalence of unidentified chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and determine the screening accuracy of the Lung Function Questionnaire (LFQ).
Cigarette smokers who had a smoking history of 10 or more pack-years and were aged 30 years or older were recruited from 36 centers from February 18, 2009, to May 29, 2009. A total of 1575 patients completed a Web-based survey including the 5-item LFQ. Spirometry was performed on patients with an LFQ total score of 18 or less and on a subset scoring more than 18. The primary outcome was the proportion of patients at risk of airflow obstruction as measured by the LFQ (score, ≤ 18) in whom an airflow obstruction was confirmed by spirometry.
Of the patients who completed the LFQ, 849 (54%) had standardized spirometry data available. On the basis of LFQ and spirometry results, the estimated prevalence of possible COPD was 17.9% (95% confidence interval, 15.3%-20.6%). At a cut point of 18 or less, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of the LFQ were 88%, 25%, 21%, and 90%, respectively. Approximately 1 in 5 patients (21%) aged 30 years or older and 1 in 4 (26%) aged 50 years or older scored 18 or less on the LFQ and had a ratio of forced expiratory volume in the first second of expiration to forced vital capacity less than 0.70.
On the basis of postbronchodilator spirometry results using weighted estimates, approximately 1 in 5 patients (21%) aged 30 years or older with a smoking history of 10 or more pack-years seen in a primary care setting is likely to have COPD. The LFQ could be a helpful COPD case-finding tool for clinicians to identify patients who need further evaluation.
clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01013948.
Full-text · Article · May 2011 · Mayo Clinic Proceedings