[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 70-year-old woman developed paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration (PCD) due to P/Q-type and N-type voltage-gated calcium channel antibodies and small cell lung cancer, the main clinical manifestations of which were severe positioning vertigo and vomiting. Loss of the visual suppression of caloric nystagmus, spontaneous downbeat nystagmus, periodic alternating nystagmus, and positioning vertigo in our patient most probably corresponds to the cerebellar flocculus/paraflocculus lesion caused by PCD.
No preview · Article · Jun 2011 · Neurological Sciences
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Isolated vertigo is rare in lateral medullary infarction. We described early diagnostic challenges in such cases by a neuro-otological approach. We report a 56-year-old man who developed a lateral medullary infarction that presented as isolated vertigo. Before the day 4 from disease onset when diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) became positive, this patient showed unilateral loss of visual suppression, a central type of vestibular dysfunction. Since MRI abnormalities may not appear in the early few days from disease onset, unilateral loss of visual suppression might become an important diagnostic option for isolated vertigo due to a lateral medullary infarction. This finding is presumably relevant to the inferior olive lesion.
No preview · Article · Apr 2011 · Neurological Sciences