[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background. We aimed to identify certain genes related to response to infliximab (IFX) and biomarkers to predict the IFX effect for Japanese Crohn's disease (CD) patients by performing an association study of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in candidate genes in the interleukin- (IL-) 17 signaling pathway with response to IFX after 1 year of treatment. Methods. A total of 103 patients were divided into two groups, responders and nonresponders. Twenty-eight tag SNPs in 5 genes were genotyped. The frequencies of alleles and genotypes of each SNP were compared between responders and nonresponders in three different inheritance models. A genetic test was performed using a combination of the associated SNPs as biomarkers. Results. Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that the four variable factors, concomitant use of immunomodulators, penetrating disease, a G/G genotype of rs766748 in IL-17F, and a C/C or C/A genotype of rs1883136 in TRAF3IP2, independently contributed to response to IFX after 1 year of treatment. Genetic test using the polymorphisms of these genes perfectly predicted the responder and nonresponder CD patients with both concomitant use of immunomodulators and penetrating disease. Conclusion. IL17F and TRAF3IP2 are one of IFX-related genes, useful as biomarkers of IFX response, and may be target molecules for new therapeutic drugs.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Polynucleotides are anionic macromolecules which are expected to transfer into the targeted cells through specific uptake mechanisms. So, we developed polynucleotides coating complexes of plasmid DNA (pDNA) and polyethylenimine (PEI) for a secure and efficient gene delivery system and evaluated their usefulness. Polyadenylic acid (polyA), polyuridylic acid (polyU), polycytidylic acid (polyC), and polyguanylic acid (polyG) were examined as the coating materials. pDNA/PEI/polyA, pDNA/PEI/polyU, and pDNA/PEI/polyC complexes formed nanoparticles with a negative surface charge although pDNA/PEI/polyG was aggregated. The pDNA/PEI/polyC complex showed high transgene efficiency in B16-F10 cells although there was little efficiency in pDNA/PEI/polyA and pDNA/PEI/polyU complexes. An inhibition study strongly indicated the specific uptake mechanism of pDNA/PEI/polyC complex. Polynucleotide coating complexes had lower cytotoxicity than pDNA/PEI complex. The pDNA/PEI/polyC complex showed high gene expression selectively in the spleen after intravenous injection into mice. The pDNA/PEI/polyC complex showed no agglutination with erythrocytes and no acute toxicity although these were observed in pDNA/PEI complex. Thus, we developed polynucleotide coating complexes as novel vectors for clinical gene therapy, and the pDNA/PEI/polyC complex as a useful candidate for a gene delivery system.
No preview · Article · Aug 2014 · Journal of Drug Targeting
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We developed a novel vector, electrostatically coated poly(ethylenimine) (PEI)/pDNA complexes with folic acid (FA). Without covalent binding, the FA molecules could coat the PEI/pDNA complexes, and stable anionic nanoparticles were formed at a charge ratio greater than 60. The addition of FA markedly decreased the cytotoxicity of the cationic PEI/pDNA complexes to the melanoma cell line, B16-F10 cells, which regularly expressed FA-specific receptor (FR). Furthermore, the anionic FA60/PEI/pDNA complexes showed high transgene efficiency via the FR-mediated pathway in B16-F10 cells. The FA60/PEI/pDNA complexes did not show agglutination with erythrocytes. After the intravenous injection of FA60/PEI/pDNA complexes into mice, a higher transgene efficiency than PEI/pDNA complexes was observed in the liver, kidney, spleen, and lung with FR. The gene expressions of FA60/PEI/pDNA complexes were significantly inhibited by preadministration of FA. Thus, the FA60/PEI/pDNA complexes were useful for effective gene therapy.
No preview · Article · Jun 2011 · Molecular Pharmaceutics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An association between susceptibility to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and polymorphisms of both the tyrosine kinase 2 gene (TYK2) and the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 gene (STAT3) was examined in a Japanese population in order to identify the genetic determinants of IBD.
The study subjects comprised 112 patients with ulcerative colitis, 83 patients with Crohn's disease (CD), and 200 healthy control subjects. Seven tag single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in TYK2 and STAT3 were detected by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism.
The frequencies of a C allele and its homozygous C/C genotype at rs2293152 SNP in STAT3 in CD patients were significantly higher than those in control subjects (P = 0.007 and P = 0.001, respectively). Furthermore, out of four haplotypes composed of the two tag SNPs (rs280519 and rs2304256) in TYK2, the frequencies of a Hap 1 haplotype and its homozygous Hap 1/Hap1 diplotype were significantly higher in CD patients in comparison to those in control subjects (P = 0.023 and P = 0.024, respectively). In addition, the presence of both the C/C genotype at rs2293152 SNP in STAT3 and the Hap 1/Hap 1 diplotype of TYK2 independently contributes to the pathogenesis of CD and significantly increases the odds ratio to 7.486 for CD (P = 0.0008).
TYK2 and STAT3 are genetic determinants of CD in the Japanese population. This combination polymorphism may be useful as a new genetic biomarker for the identification of high-risk individuals susceptible to CD.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To identify genetic determinants of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), we examined an association between polymorphisms of both the programmed cell death 1 gene (PDCD1) and the src homology 2 domain-containing tyrosine phosphatase 2 gene (PTPN11) and susceptibility to IBD.
Study subjects comprised 114 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), 83 patients with Crohn's disease, and 200 healthy control subjects. Five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in PDCD1 and PTPN11 were detected by polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism. Subsequently, haplotypes composed of the two SNPs in PTPN11 were constructed.
The frequencies of the Hap 1 haplotype and its homozygous Hap 1/Hap 1 diplotype of PTPN11 were significantly increased in UC patients compared to control subjects (P = 0.011 and P = 0.030, respectively). While no association was found for PDCD1 for UC or CD and none for PTPN11 for CD.
PTPN11 is a genetic determinant for the pathogenesis of UC, and haplotyping of PTPN11 may be useful as a genetic biomarker to identify high-risk individuals susceptible to UC.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2009 · Journal of Clinical Immunology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD), is a chronic inflammatory disorder characterized by intractable inflammation specific to the gastrointestinal tract. The precise etiology of IBD remains unknown. Recently, haplotypes of peptidylarginine deiminase type 4 (PADI4) have been identified as the rheumatoid arthritis (RA)-susceptible gene. PADI4 is located at 1p36, which is one of chromosomal loci susceptible for IBD. Then, we examined whether haplotypes and diplotypes of PADI4 are associated with IBD in the Japanese population. We studied haplotypes of PADI4 in 114 patients with UC, 83 patients with CD, and 200 gender-matched healthy controls by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Frequencies and distributions of haplotypes and diplotypes were compared statistically between patients and controls by logistic regression analysis. The frequency of haplotype 1 was significantly decreased in patients with UC, compared to that in controls (P=0.037; odds ratio (OR)=0.702). In contrast, the frequency of haplotype 2 in patients with UC was significantly higher than that in controls (P=0.003; OR=1.722). Moreover, of a total of 114 patients with UC, 15 (13.2%) had a diplotype homozygous for haplotype 2, the frequency being significantly higher than in controls (9/200, 4.5%; P=0.008, OR=3.215). Our results indicate that haplotype 1 of PADI4 is associated with non-susceptibility to UC, whereas haplotype 2 is susceptible to UC. Thus, it is likely that PADI4 is one of genetic determinants of UC in the Japanese population.
Preview · Article · Mar 2008 · Clinical Immunology