I Coker

Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Ismir, İzmir, Turkey

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Publications (47)110.83 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Aim: Calcium supplementation during pregnancy was suggested to affect fetal growth. We aimed to investigate the association between calcium and phosphorus in cord blood and birth size parameters in term infants. Methods: The study included 70 pregnant women and their neonates. Birth weight, birth length and head circumference of the neonates were measured. Cord blood samples were obtained at delivery. Maternal and cord blood calcium, phosphorus and parathyroid hormone were measured. The association between variables was evaluated with Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: Cord blood calcium levels were significantly positively correlated with birth weight, birth length and head circumference (r=0.308 p=0.009, r=0.324 p=0.006, r=0.296 p=0.013 respectively). Cord phosphorus was significantly positively correlated with birth length (r=0.358 p=0.002). In subjects with higher phosphorus levels cord calcium were more strongly correlated with birth weight, birth length and head circumference than in the overall group (r=0.487 p=0.003, r=0.515 p=0.002, r=0.396 p=0.018 respectively). Conclusion: Cord blood calcium and phosphorus levels are associated with birth size parameters. There may be interactions between calcium and phosphorus to affect fetal growth.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Minerva pediatrica
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    ABSTRACT: Background/aims: In this present study, we aimed: (i) To clarify if prediabetes is associated with subclinical inflammation independent of underlying obesity, and (ii) to evaluate the effect of postload glucose concentration on subclinical inflammation markers in a group of patients with elevated fasting glucose. Material and methods: In a cohort of 165 patients with newly detected fasting hyperglycemia, according to 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), subjects were classified either as newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes (diabetes group, n = 40), impaired fasting glucose (IFG) plus impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) (IFG/IGT group, n = 42) or IFG only (IFG group, n = 83). A control group (n = 47) consisted of age- and body mass index (BMI)-matched healthy subjects with a normal OGTT. Circulating concentrations of lipids, insulin, interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8) and high sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP) were measured. HOMA index was calculated. Results: Subclinical inflammation markers were elevated in patients with diabetes and IFG/IGT compared to healthy controls and also IFG patients (diabetes vs. control: p < 0.05 for hsCRP, IL-8, and IL-6; IFG/IGT vs. control: p < 0.05 for hsCRP, and IL-6; diabetes vs. IFG: p < 0.05 for hsCRP, and IL-6; IFG/IGT vs. IFG: p < 0.05 for hsCRP, and IL-6). In multiple regression analysis, postload glucose concentration was independently associated with circulating hsCRP and IL-6 concentrations when the data was controlled for age, gender, BMI and lipid concentrations (p < 0.05 for hsCRP, and IL-6). Conclusion: Our results suggest that patients with prediabetes, independent of underlying obesity, have increased concentrations of subclinical inflammation which is mostly driven by postload glucose concentrations.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2013 · Scandinavian journal of clinical and laboratory investigation
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    ABSTRACT: Halicioglu O, Aksit S, Koc F, Akman SA, Albudak E, Yaprak I, Coker I, Colak A, Ozturk C, Gulec ES. Vitamin D deficiency in pregnant women and their neonates in spring time in western Turkey. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2012; 26: 53–60. Although Turkey is located in a sunny region, vitamin D deficiency is still a serious health problem in pregnant women and their infants, especially among the low socio-economic status Turkish population. This study was carried out in order to measure serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25(OH)D] concentrations of the pregnant women in the last trimester and in their neonates at delivery and to determine the factors associated with maternal serum 25(OH)D concentrations. Among the patients visiting the Ege Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital in the period March to May 2008, 258 healthy pregnant women ≥37 weeks of gestation were included in this study. The information on different characteristics such as the number of pregnancies and births, nutritional status, vitamin and mineral support during gestation, educational status, clothing style and the economic level of the family was collected from women. Blood samples from the mothers and umbilical cord of the newborns were taken to measure 25(OH)D. The mean 25(OH)D concentrations of the mothers and their infants were 11.5 ± 5.4 ng/mL and 11.5 ± 6.8 ng/mL, respectively. We found a strong positive correlation between maternal serum and umbilical cord blood 25(OH)D concentrations (r = 0.651, P < 0.001). The concentration of 25(OH)D was ≤20 ng/mL in 233 mothers (90.3%) and ≤10 ng/mL in 130 mothers (50.4%). Maternal serum 25(OH)D concentrations related strongly to factors such as uncovered dressing style, sufficient consumption of dairy products and multivitamin use during gestation (P < 0.05). About half (52.7%) of these women had a covered dressing style. 25(OH)D concentrations of these covered dressing mothers and their infants were 9.7 ± 5.1 ng/mL and 9.7 ± 5.6 ng/mL, respectively, which were significantly lower compared with those of uncovered mothers and their babies (P < 0.001). This study showed that, despite a sunny environment, vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency are highly prevalent among the mothers and their neonates. This is generally due to the life style and nutritional status of the mothers. These findings suggest that much more effective vitamin D prophylaxis programmes should be implemented for pregnant women as well as for their babies.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2012 · Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
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    AA Çolak · H Türkön · H Yalçın · I Çoker
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the correlation between insulin resistance and serum IL-8 levels of obese individuals with normal glucose tolerance. Materials and Methods: 72 obese individuals with the ages ranging from 20 to 59 and with BMI(body mass index) higher than 30 were included in the study.34 individuals with non insulin resistance were considered as control group and 38 individuals with insulin resistance were considered as patient group.Anthropometric and biochemical characteristics of the individuals were researched. Serum IL-8 and insulin levels were measured by chemiluminescence immunoassay method. Results: Serum IL-8 levels of patient group were significantly higher than control group (p<0,05). Conclusion: We consider that determining serum IL-8 levels of obese individuals developing insulin resistance can be useful to prevent from the possible risks Obesity; Insulin Resistance; IL-8.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2012
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between clinical findings and the most common mutated alleles of MEFV gene in a childhood population and to determine the sensitivity of the 12-mutation-strip assay test in familial Mediterranean fever (FMF). Records of 452 FMF children living in western Anatolia, Turkey, (12.3 ± 4.7 years mean) were retrospectively reviewed. Of the 408 patients who met the Tel-Hashomer criteria, 364 were classified into two main groups (two-mutant/one-mutant allele) either of which had three subgroups. The two-mutant allele frequency was 51% and one-mutant allele 38%; 1% had complex-mutant alleles and 10% no mutant-alleles. The mean severity score was 8.3 ± 2.5. Most common clinical features were fever (81.9%), abdominal pain (86.3%) and myalgia (58.8%), and the least common ones: diarrhea (1.7%), protracted febrile myalgia (1.2%) and acute orchitis (1.5%). We detected 33 different genotypes of the MEFV gene: the most common mutant allele was M694V followed by symptomatic allele mutation of E148Q. Although not significantly associated with clinical findings, P369S mutation was not rare (7.5%). Phenotype-genotype correlation revealed that patients with two-allele mutations had more severe clinical presentation and high constipation rate (22.5%); 32.6% of patients with M694V/M694V had splenomegaly. Acute orchitis and protracted febrile myalgia as rare clinical findings were more common in M694V homozygotes. Comparisons of clinical findings among patients with one-mutation allele were made for the first time, but no significant association was found. Positive predictive value of strip assay screening for 12 mutations was recorded as 89%. We suggest that whole sequence analysis for supportive diagnosis of FMF should be performed for selected patients only.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2011 · Clinical Rheumatology
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), an autosomal recessive autoinflammatory disorder, is characterized by recurrent, self-limiting fever and serositis which is frequently seen in Mediterranean populations. In this study, we retrospectively evaluated the MEFV gene mutation distribution of 883 citizens of the Aegean region with preliminary diagnosis of FMF who were referred to the Tepecik Research and Education Hospital’s Tissue Typing and Molecular Diagnostic Laboratory (Izmir, Turkey) between 2006 and 2009. Methods The FMF Strip Assay® (ViennaLab Diagnostics, Vienna, Austria) was used to determine the 12 most common MEFV gene mutations in patients prediagnosed with FMF. Findings Allelic frequencies of the major mutations in the mutation positive groups, including M694V, E148Q, M680I(G>C), and V726A, accounted for 48.4, 16.5, 13.5, and 9.7%, respectively. Conclusion The M694V mutation was found to be the most common mutation among FMF patients in the Aegean region, which is in accordance with mutation studies reported from other regions of the country and different ethnic populations. An English full-text version of this article is available at SpringerLink as supplemental.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2011 · Zeitschrift für Rheumatologie
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    ABSTRACT: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), an autosomal recessive autoinflammatory disorder, is characterized by recurrent, self-limiting fever and serositis which is frequently seen in Mediterranean populations. In this study, we retrospectively evaluated the MEFV gene mutation distribution of 883 citizens of the Aegean region with preliminary diagnosis of FMF who were referred to the Tepecik Research and Education Hospital's Tissue Typing and Molecular Diagnostic Laboratory (Izmir, Turkey) between 2006 and 2009. The FMF Strip Assay® (ViennaLab Diagnostics, Vienna, Austria) was used to determine the 12 most common MEFV gene mutations in patients prediagnosed with FMF. Allelic frequencies of the major mutations in the mutation positive groups, including M694V, E148Q, M680I(G>C), and V726A, accounted for 48.4, 16.5, 13.5, and 9.7%, respectively. The M694V mutation was found to be the most common mutation among FMF patients in the Aegean region, which is in accordance with mutation studies reported from other regions of the country and different ethnic populations. An English full-text version of this article is available at SpringerLink as supplemental.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2011 · Zeitschrift für Rheumatologie
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    ABSTRACT: The homocysteine level in blood is affected by gender, diet, smoking, folic acid and B-complex vitamins. It is known that higher than normal homocysteine levels in plasma may cause vascular endothelium dysfunction, resulting in the promotion of thrombus formation. In our study, we aimed to assess the effects of smoking during pregnancy on the homocysteine and folic acid levels of the mother and baby. The study included 58 pregnant women who had completed their 37th week of gestation: 30 women were nonsmokers (NONSM) and 28 were smokers (SM). The measurement of homocysteine and folic acid levels in all samples were performed with an Immulite 2000 analyzer, using the chemiluminescence method. Maternal blood folic acid levels were significantly lower in SM (p = 0.041) than in NONSM. In SM, homocysteine levels in the umbilical cord blood were found to be significantly higher than those in NONSM (p = 0.006). High homocysteine levels in umbilical cord blood of smoking mothers, and the probable continuation of passive smoking for the babies after birth, make us think that the baby may have a predisposition towards vascular diseases at later periods in life.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2011 · Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
  • O Halicioglu · SA Akman · S Sutcuoglu · I Coker
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    ABSTRACT: Very little is known about the relationship between genotype and phenotype of cystic fibrosis (CF) from the Turkish children. The aim of the study was to analyze the genotype and phenotype of 24 children with CF and to investigate the correlation between type of mutation in cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) protein gene and clinical manifestation of the disease. Patients were evaluated retrospectively and prospectively. History, clinical findings, sweat test and mutation analysis were used for the definitive diagnosis of CF. Phenotypical features of 24 cases were evaluated according to clinical findings. We compared the clinical phenotype and age at diagnosis, genotypic features. A total of 36 mutations were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and reverse hybridization methods. Statistical analysis was done by using χ2, Fisher exact and Pearson correlation tests. The mean age of the cases that were admitted to our out-patient clinic was 5.3±4 years. The median age of diagnosis was three months. Parents were consanguineous in 37.5% of cases and loss of a sibling at one year of age was stated in a quarter. The most frequent symptom was recurrent diarrhoea (79.2%) and there was severe growth retardation in 12 (50%) and pseudo-Bartter (PB) syndrome in 11 of the cases. The incidence of PB was higher in cases that were diagnosed at one year of age. Out of 18 cases with mutation analysis, nine (50%) were positive for DF508 mutation, and four cases were homozygous out of nine cases. Two separate mutations were determined in two cases with severe clinical picture. The incidence of respiratory tract infection during the admission was lower in DF508 positive cases (P=0.016). There was no statistically significant relation between DF508 positivity and diarrhea, severe growth retardation and PB (P>0.05). The other mutations that were determined in our patients were rarely seen mutations such as 3120+1 G-A, R347P, 1677delTA, 2789+5G-A, 2183AA-G, and R1066C. DF508 mutation rates in our cases diagnosed in early childhood were higher than the rates reported previously in Turkish children. The definition of molecular defect in CFTR gene has an impact on verifying the diagnosis and decreasing morbidity and mortality. An adequately large sample size is needed to evaluate the mutation profiles and genotype-phenotype characteristics in our country.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2011 · Minerva pediatrica
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    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT Background: In this study, we aimed to investigate the concentrations of proinflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin 6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) in women with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). The purpose of this study was to verify whether the proinflammatory cytokine- increase is a pathogenic indicator for glucose metabolism disorders. Materials and Methods: A total of 118 subjects from women aged between 21 and 62 years (42.3± 11.7) were included in this study. Anthropometric and biochemical characteristics of them were assessed. IL-6 and TNF-alpha concentrations were measured by chemiluminescent immunometric assay. Results: Amongst them, a total of 83 cases (70.3%) had NGT, 35 (29.7%) had IGT. By Pearson correlation coefficient, we found a significant relationship between serum IL-6 level and post-load 2 h glucose levels (r=0.252, P=0.006), BMI (r=0.274, P=0.003). IL-6 and TNF-α levels were significantly different between the groups (p<0.001, P =0.03, respectively). Conclusion: This result shows that increased IL-6 and TNF-α level may be associated with impaired glucose homeostasis. Key words: interleukin 6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, impaired glucose tolerance, glucose homeostasis.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2010 · Turkish Journal of Biochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: The aim was to reveal the mechanism of hemolysis-induced acute pancreatitis and to evaluate the role of heme and heme oxygenase activity in inducing pancreatic inflammation in an experimental hemolysis model. Hemolytic anemia was induced in rats by intraperitoneal injection of 60 mg/kg acetylphenylhydrazine (APH). To evaluate the toxic effect of free heme after hemolysis, heme oxygenase inhibitor (HOI) was used to inhibit the enzyme which decreases the free heme concentration after hemolysis. One hundred and fifty rats were divided into two treatment and three control groups. Rats in the hemolysis group were given APH intraperitoneally. Rats in the HOI+hemolysis group were given Cr(III)mesoporphyrin IX chloride as HOI and then APH intraperitoneally. Serum amylase and lipase levels as well as pancreatic tissue cytokine content were determined and histological examination performed. No hemolysis or pancreatitis was seen in the control groups. Massive hemolysis was seen in 22 of the 30 rats of the hemolysis group and 20 of the 30 rats of the HOI+hemolysis group. The total pancreatitis rates were 60% and 76.6% in the hemolysis and HOI+hemolysis groups, respectively (p<0.05). Pancreatic cytokine levels were significantly higher in the HOI+hemolysis and hemolysis groups than in all control groups. The highest ICAM-1 and MCP-1 levels were in the HOI+hemolysis group. Histological signs of acute pancreatitis were also more severe in this group. Acute massive hemolysis can induce acute pancreatitis. Excess of free vascular heme seems to be an inducer of inflammation by modulating ICAM-1 and MCP-1.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2007 · Medical science monitor: international medical journal of experimental and clinical research
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate in vitro T lymphocyte proliferation and specific antibody response to hepatitis B vaccination in two groups of rats fed with normal and marginal zinc content. Twenty-two Wistar-Albino rats were randomly assigned into two groups and were fed with constant diet. Zinc was suplemented 10mg/kg dry weight in group I (marginal zinc content) (n=14) and 30mg/kg dry weight in group II (n=8). Hepatitis B vaccine (Engerix B, 4mug) was administered intramuscularly after 8 weeks on feeding and a booster dose was applied 4 weeks after the first injection. Rats were killed 3 weeks after the second injection. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were stimulated in vitro by PHA (2.5mug/ml) and hepatitis B surface antigen (2.5, 5, 10mug/ml). Proliferation was evaluated by ELISA (celltiter-96 aqueous one solution cell proliferation assay). Serum zinc, anti-HBs titer and zinc per dry liver weight were also measured. Two groups were compared with respect to antigen specific antibody and lymphocyte proliferation responses. Proliferation response to HbsAg were expressed as net percent increase (pci) in lymphocyte proliferation from the baseline activity. Rats' mean body weight and weight gain per month were similar. Median serum zinc was 39 (23-75) and 76(64-115)mug/dl of groups I and II rats, respectively (p<0.05), while there was no difference in liver zinc content between the two groups (37mug/g dry weight versus 32mug/g dry weight). Median anti-HBs levels of groups I and II were 741 (0-10,000)IU/l, 5791 (558-10,000)IU/l, respectively (p<0.05). In lymphocyte proliferation assays, mean net pci with HbsAg of 5 and 10mug/ml were 9.4% and 11.3% in group I rats; while they were 25.3% and 26.1% in group II rats (p<0.01 and p<0.01, respectively). In vitro cell-mediated immune response and in vivo specific antibody response to hepatitis B vaccine was decreased in rats fed a diet with marginal zinc content. These observations have shown that marginal Zn deficiency might influence the efficacy of hepatitis B vaccination in humans.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2006 · Hepatology Research
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    ABSTRACT: The nature and intensity of the association of myasthenia gravis (MG) with distinct human leukocyte antigens (HLA) haplotypes differ between ethnic populations. The aims of the present study were to examine the relationship between HLA class I and II haplotypes and MG; to show the HLA associations with various MG subsets; and to investigate the association between MG and clinical subgroups of multiple sclerosis (MS) regarding HLA haplotypes. A total of 66 patients with MG were enrolled onto the study. The mean age at onset was 42.01 years. A total of 122 clinically definite MS patients and 188 healthy subjects were examined as control groups. The present study clearly showed associations with HLA-DR3, -B8, -A1, and -A2 in MG. In patients with early-onset MG, associations with HLA-DR3, -B8, and -A2 were stronger. When compared with MS, in the MG group, there was still a strong association with -B8, -DR3, and -A1. In subgroup analysis, there was no difference between MG and primary progressive MS patients. On the basis of the presence of anti-AChR antibodies, there was a statistically significant association with HLA-DR3. On the basis of presence of thymoma, no HLA allele showed clear associations in MG patients with thymoma. This is the first study to examine the relationship between HLA haplotypes and MG in the Turkish population and to compare MG with another autoimmune disease, MS, on the basis of the HLA haplotypes. Further investigations with a larger population are required to explain this finding.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2004 · Human Immunology
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to develop an induction protocol to reduce allograft rejection with fewer posttransplant infections and malignancies. In this prospective randomized study, a T- and B-cell depletion protocol, consisting of IV thymoglobulin (ATG 5 mg/kg/d) plus methylprednisolone (500 mg/d) plus azathiopurine (2 mg/kg/d), was on days 0 and 1 after renal transplantation. CyA was introduced at day 3.39 among patients undergoing either primary living related (n = 16) or cadaveric (n = 23) transplants excluding recipients of full-HLA-matched sibling, or five- and six-HLA-matched cadaveric donor kidneys. The adequacy of immunosuppression was evaluated by flow cytometric analysis for total, CD3+ (T-cell), and CD19+ (B-cell) lymphocytes. The acute rejection rate was 6% and 37/39 patients are alive with functioning grafts at an average follow-up of 14.5 months. The overall patient and graft survival rate was 95%. Their mean creatinine value was 1.27 mg/dL. Six patients (16%) required hospitalization due to serious infections. The two deaths were attributed to septicemia and brain abcess caused by unusual agents, namely, Rhodococcus equi and Sporobolomyces. One patient presented with a cutaneous Kaposi sarcoma in the 11th month posttransplant. A Two-day induction protocol with thymoglobulin yields acceptable acute rejection rates among renal transplants. However, caution is necessary for adverse events, particularly atypical bacterial and fungal infections.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2004 · Transplantation Proceedings
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the effects of arginine-enriched diet and partial hepatectomy in rats on gut-originated inflammatory cytokines. Of 24 rats, Group 1 and 2 animals were fasted 24 hours before surgery, Group 3 and 4 animals received regular plus arginine-enriched diet(AED). Group 2 and 4 animals had undergone 30% hepatic resection. Leukotriene B4 (LT B4) levels were detected in colonic mucosa and mucosal perfusates immediately after resection. Mean leukocyte counts (MLC) were detected also in the mucosa. In the basis of fasting situation regardless hepatectomy, all MLC were lower in Group 3 and 4 but LTB4 levels both in mucosa and perfusate were higher. On hepatectomy based comparison there was not any statistically significant difference between groups but mucosal perfusate LTB4 levels. But when hepatectomy added on fasted animals MLC levels were lower than fed by AED + sham operation. LTB4 levels were insignificant in both perfusate and mucosa. When hepatectomy added on AED animals (Group 4), MLC decreased and mucosal LTB4 increased when they compared with fast without hepatectomy Group 1. AED prior to extra-intestinal operations may trigger inflammatory cascade and complications via leucocyte degradation and LTB4.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2003 · Ulusal travma ve acil cerrahi dergisi = Turkish journal of trauma & emergency surgery: TJTES
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    ABSTRACT: We aimed to determine the role of exogenous carnitine to prevent ischemia-reperfusion damage in liver tissue in experimental model. Rats were divided into four groups as Sham (SG), 30% Hepatectomy (HG), ischemia-reperfusion +30% hepatectomy (IRHG) and ischemia-reperfusion+30% hepatectomy+carnitine (IRHCG). Serum AST, ALT and GGT levels have been determined in systemic blood samples (post-hepatic vena cava) and liver tissue and serum carnitine levels in blood samples from portal vein (pre-hepatic blood samples). Serum carnitine levels were significantly higher in IRHCG compared to SG (P < 0.01). Each of the serum AST, ALT and GGT levels were statistically higher in HG, IRHG and IRHCG than SG (P < 0.001). While these values in IRHG were also higher than those in HG (P < 0.001), in IRHCG enzyme levels were significantly lower than IRHG (P < 0.001). Liver tissue damage was less in IRHCG than IRHG statistically (P < 0.001). This animal model implies that exogenous carnitine supplementation may be helpful in preventing free oxygen radical damage and inflammatory reactions in liver tissue.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2002 · Clinical Nutrition
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    ABSTRACT: Carnitine transports long-chain fatty acids across the inner mitochondrial membrane. Carnitine metabolism is disturbed in some renal diseases, such as chronic renal failure. Previous studies have shown that children had normal serum free carnitine (FC) and total carnitine levels in idiopathic nephrotic syndrome, IgA nephropathy, non-IgA nephropathy and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. The aim of the present study was to determine FC concentrations in plasma and urine during acute and remission periods of steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome (SSNS) and its association with hyperlipidemia. Plasma and urinary FC concentrations were assayed in 15 children with SSNS in acute and in 16 children in remission period. Six of them were followed-up longitudinally in both periods. Plasma FC concentrations were significantly higher in the acute period of the disease than in the remission period and of the controls. The patients had lower FC levels in the remission period as compared to the controls. Urinary FC concentration was decreased in acute disease period when compared to the remission period and the controls. The FC concentrations in plasma and urine did not correlate with each other. Plasma FC exhibited significant positive correlation with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, total cholesterol and trygliceride, but negative correlation with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. The present study showed disturbed FC concentration in SSNS. Increased plasma and decreased urinary FC levels in acute disease might be associated with its altered renal handling or some extrarenal factors such as hyperlipidemia.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2002 · Pediatrics International
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    ABSTRACT: Impaired structural and metabolic integrity of the kidney in chronic renal failure (CRF) effects carnitine metabolism by means of many factors. Depletion due to hemodialysis (HD) is one of the major concerns. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of chronic renal failure and HD on plasma free carnitine (FC) concentrations in children. Plasma FC concentrations were measured in age-matched 14 undialyzed patients, 20 dialyzed patients and 12 healthy children. In the HD group, measurements were done pre- and postdialysis and an hour after ceasing HD. None of the children have been receiving exogenous l-carnitine replacement. Plasma FC concentrations on either HD or conservative treatment were found to be decreased as compared to the healthy subjects (P < 0.001 and P = 0.001, respectively). The patients on HD had lower levels of plasma FC at the predialysis period than those on conservative treatment (P = 0.01). The FC levels significantly dropped at the postdialysis period as compared to those at the predialysis period (P < 0.001), but recovered at 1 h after ceasing HD. The mean duration of HD did not correlate with plasma FC levels at predialysis period. Children with CRF, either dialyzed or undialyzed, have decreased plasma FC levels. Hemo-dialysis treatment significantly depletes plasma FC concentrations during the procedure, but predialysis levels are reached 1 hr after ceasing HD.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2002 · Pediatrics International
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    ABSTRACT: Adequate carnitine levels are required for normal fatty acid and energy metabolism in heart muscle. It is well known that streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats develop myocardial carnitine deficiency and that carnitine therapy may be beneficial to the diabetic heart. Infants of diabetic mothers (IDM) are known to be at risk for developing a hypertrophic type of cardiomyopathy. In the present investigation, we examined the free carnitine concentration from cardiac and hepatic tissue in pups of streptozotocin-induced diabetic female rats. We also assessed the effect of maternal L-carnitine supplementation on the free carnitine concentration in pups of diabetic rats. Three groups, each consisting of 4 Wistar albino female rats, were studied, Group 1 (untreated diabetic; n = 4) and group 2 (L-carnitine-treated diabetic; n = 4) rats were given streptozotocin (60 mg/kg) by intraperitoneal injection; group 3 were controls. During pregnancy, L-carnitine was given at a dose of 150 mg/kg by intraperitoneal injection once a day for 14 days. Cesarean section was carried out, and 113 newborn rats (group 1 n = 36; group 2 n = 38; group 3 n = 39) were obtained from all the pregnant rats. The free carnitine concentration in myocardial tissue was significantly decreased in the female diabetic rats (p < 0.001). However, the free carnitine concentration from hepatic tissue in diabetic female rats was similar to that in controls. In pups of group 1 diabetic rats, a significantly decreased free carnitine concentration was found in both myocardial and hepatic tissue compared to group 2 and controls. The free carnitine content from myocardial and hepatic tissue was significantly elevated in the maternal L-carnitine-supplemented group when compared to group 1 and control pups (p < 0.001 and p < 0.05, respectively). The present study has demonstrated that the free carnitine concentration from myocardial and hepatic tissue is significantly reduced in pups of streptozotocin-induced diabetic female rats. This study has also shown that administration of maternal L-carnitine improves the carnitine level in pups of diabetic rats. A decreased myocardial carnitine concentration may be partly responsible for the development of cardiomyopathy in IDM.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2002 · Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism
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    ABSTRACT: The aetiology and pathogenesis of periodontal disease may involve dysfunctions in the cellular immune responses. The aim of the present study was to study the phenotypic and functional activities of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from 16 patients with generalised aggressive periodontitis (G-AP), 13 patients with chronic periodontitis (CP) and 20 periodontally healthy subjects (H). The relative counts of CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ T cells, T cells exhibiting HLA DR antigen and interleukin-2 receptor, CD19+ B cells and natural killer cells were determined by two colour flow cytometry using monoclonal antibodies. Blastogenic response of PBMC to mitogen phytohemagglutinin (PHA) was assessed after 96 h incubation by measuring 3(H)-thymidine incorporation and the results were expressed as net counts per minute. Spontaneous PBMC proliferation was also evaluated in unstimulated culture and the results were reported as mean counts per minute. Comparisons of G-AP, CP and H groups were performed using the Kruskal-Wallis and Bonferroni-corrected Mann-Whitney U test. No significant differences in the relative counts of PBMC subsets were found between G-AP, CP and H groups (P > 0.05) with the exception of lower relative amount of CD3+ T cells found in the CP group compared with healthy subjects (P = 0.0048). Blastogenic response to PHA was significantly suppressed in G-AP and CP groups relative to that of H group (P < 0.02). However, there was no significant difference in the blastogenic response to PHA between G-AP and CP groups (P > 0.05). Spontaneous proliferative response of G-AP and CP groups was also significantly lower compared to that of H group (P < 0.02). Similarly, no significant difference in spontaneous PBMC response was observed between G-AP and CP groups (P > 0.05). Although G-AP and CP patients have similar amount of immune cells compared to healthy subjects, reduced functional activities of these cells may suggest the existence of defective cellular immune mechanism for the susceptibility to periodontal disease. One has to keep in mind that periodontal diseases have a genetic basis and the present functional analysis might not be connected to the actual genetic predisposition to the disease.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2001 · Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology

Publication Stats

411 Citations
110.83 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2004-2013
    • Tepecik Training and Research Hospital
      Ismir, İzmir, Turkey
  • 2010-2012
    • Tepecik Teaching and Research Hospital
      Ismir, İzmir, Turkey
  • 2001-2004
    • Medicalpark Izmir Hospital
      Ismir, İzmir, Turkey
  • 2002
    • Social Security Administration
      Baltimore, Maryland, United States
  • 1998-2002
    • Ege University
      • • Department of Pediatrics
      • • Department of Neonatology
      Ismir, İzmir, Turkey
  • 2000
    • Dokuz Eylul University
      Ismir, İzmir, Turkey
  • 1994
    • Bursa Yenişehir State Hospital
      Boursa, Bursa, Turkey