Iva Djordjevic

University of Belgrade, Beograd, Central Serbia, Serbia

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Publications (2)2.54 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The increased ambient temperature affects the function of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Since the correlation among vasopressin (VP), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and corticosterone (CORT) responses to various stressors have been long recognized, the aim of this study was to reveal the aforementioned hormones production and morphology of the pituitary gland after exposure to acute heat. Rats were exposed to high ambient temperature (38 °C) for 20 or 60 minutes. The circulating hormones were determined by an ELISA test or chemiluminescence's method. The results obtained show the elevation in ACTH and CORT secretion depending on the duration of heat exposure. The VP concentration increased only after prolonged exposure to heat (60 min). The pituitary morphology was examined by routine and fluorescent immunohistochemistry as well as electron microscopy. Observed changes in the anterior and posterior pituitary well corresponded to circulating hormones, regarding the volume density of ACTH-immunopositive cells, percentage of ACTH immunopositive area v. total area and number of VP-immunopositive containing varicose fibers per total area. Acute heat exposure also induced changes in shapes of ACTH-immunopositive cells. Cells appeared stellate with numerous slender cytoplasmic processes and degranulated, which is the most obvious after 20 min. In addition, immunopositivity of endothelial and anterior pituitary cells for VP suggests its influence on ACTH secretion.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2010 · Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the effect of vitamin C on the oxidative status in the hypothalamus and adrenal glands of rats supplemented by its two doses over a four-week period. The results obtained have shown that vitamin C exerts effects which are tissue specific. In hypothalamus, it decreased the activity of copper zinc superoxide dismutase (CuZnSOD), the concentration of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), as well as the activity of catalase and the level of lipid peroxidation, thus causing effects which are obviously antioxidative. On the other hand, the changes detected in adrenals indicate that vitamin C there performs some other, specific functions. They are followed by an increase in the activity of both CuZnSOD and MnSOD, as well as with the consequent rise of H2O2 content. However, these changes seem not to be of pro-oxidative nature since the level of lipid peroxidation in adrenals remains unchanged as compared to the controls.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2009 · General Physiology and Biophysics