Gianni Boz

CRO Centro di Riferimento Oncologico di Aviano, Aviano, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy

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Publications (4)27.61 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Endometrial carcinoma (EC) and colorectal cancer (CRC) are closely linked in a well-documented, predominantly inherited cancer syndrome known as hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC). Epidemiological studies report that women with EC have a 1.5- to 3-fold increased risk of developing CRC. However, this elevated risk could be the consequence of genetic confounding. In order to plan a proper CRC prevention program, we sought to verify and quantify this risk, first estimating it in 697 women with EC who received treatment and follow-up in one health care district between 1986 and 2000. The standardised incidence ratio (SIR), which compares observed with expected cases of CRC in the general population, was calculated. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the odds ratio and 95% confidence interval of a dependent variable, second primary CRC, as a function of clinical and pathological features. Multiple primary tumours were observed in 6.7% of the patients, with CRC being the second most frequently occurring type of cancer. The estimated overall risk for CRC was slightly higher than that observed in the general population, but was nonetheless not statistically significant. Multivariate analysis revealed a family history of CRC to be a risk factor for developing the disease as a second primary cancer. A BMI ≤25 and the pathological spectrum of EC were clinical and pathological features associated with CRC development, but were without statistical significance. MSH2 and MLH1 mutational screening confirmed genetic involvement in most of the CRCs observed in the cohort. Overall, the data show that women with EC have a CRC risk similar to that of the general population, and should therefore be screened on the basis of risk factors for CRC.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2008 · Molecular Medicine Reports

  • No preview · Article · Apr 2001 · Gastroenterology
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    ABSTRACT: Endometrial cancer (EC) shares some environmental or genetic risk factors with colorectal cancer (CRC). It represents a risk factor for CRC. Furthermore, EC is the most frequent extracolonic neoplasm in HNPCC (hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer) and, in this syndrome, it has the same inheritance pattern as CRC. Neoplastic family history and clinical features were evaluated in women with EC in a health care district (Pordenone Province) in Northeastern Italy from 1990 to 1995, to examine the proportion of patients with hereditary cancer and the relation with clinical characteristics of EC. We interviewed 215 patients with EC (average age 61 years, range 35-88) in relation with some risk factors (age, weight, diabetes, menstrual and reproductive pattern, synchronous and metachronous neoplasms) and we obtained their family pedigree. Twenty-nine patients (13.5%) had a CRC family history, 66 (30.7%) showed an aspecific cancer aggregation in their families and more than half (120, 55.8%) had a negative cancer family history. Family pedigrees were consistent with a dominant inherited cancer pattern in 8 patients (3.7%) belonging to the CRC-related family history group. A different pattern of family history distribution emerged in relation with age (< 55 vs. > or = 55, p < 0.001) and body mass index (BMI) (< 26 vs. > or = 26, p = 0.002). Patients with a CRC pedigree were more numerous in the younger group, in the group with lower BMI and in pre-menopausal women.
    Preview · Article · Jul 1998 · International Journal of Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: Experience with a multiple fractions per day radiation therapy program for inoperable esophageal cancer is reported. The treatment program consisted of 3 daily fractions of 1.6 Gy, with a 4 hr interval between fractions, for 5 consecutive days (24 Gy). After a rest period of 2 weeks, a second course of radiation was given with the same dose and fractionation for a total dose of 48 Gy in an overall treatment time of 4 weeks. Thirty-four patients were treated between February 1981 and July 1983. Acute reactions consisted of mild esophagitis noted in 30% of patients. No treatment related complications were reported. Median survival was 7 months and the 2- and 5-year survival rates were 12 and 9%, respectively. Tumor size and Karnofsky performance status were found to be the most important prognostic indicators for prolonged survival. Prompt palliation of symptoms was noted. Thirty-three per cent of patients had complete resolution and 41% had partial improvement of symptoms after completion of treatment. Four patients (12%) obtained complete tumor regression with negative biopsy at endoscopic examination and 2 of them are free of disease at 58 and 64 months. A partial response was reported in 12 patients (35%) for a median duration of 5 months (3-26). Treatment with multiple fractions per day was feasible in patients with esophageal cancer and could be preferred to more conventional fractionations for promptness of palliation and the shorter treatment time. The expected therapeutic gain is discussed.
    No preview · Article · Jun 1988 · International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics