[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Giardia duodenalis and Cryptosporidium spp. infections, and the patterns of cyst and oocyst shedding, were observed in a herd of dairy calves in Ontario over a period of 3 mo. Cysts and oocysts were detected and enumerated in fecal samples using immunofluorescence microscopy; Giardia and Cryptosporidium DNA was detected using the polymerase chain reaction. The prevalence of G. duodenalis increased during the course of the study, reaching a peak of 93.1% when calves were 43 to 54 d old, and then decreased. Conversely, Cryptosporidium spp. prevalence was highest (75.9%) when calves were 11 to 22 d old, and subsequently decreased. The numbers of cysts and oocysts shed per gram of feces were positively correlated over time with the respective prevalence rates. Along with genotyping data, temporal changes in prevalence and shedding patterns should be considered when testing dairy calves for the presence and concentrations of cysts and oocysts, and when considering the potential for zoonotic transmission.
Full-text · Article · Aug 2010 · The Canadian veterinary journal. La revue veterinaire canadienne