Youn Wha Kim

Kyung Hee University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (103)166.29 Total impact


  • No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Pathology International
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    ABSTRACT: Distal extrahepatic bile duct (EBD) carcinoma is a rare but highly aggressive malignant neoplasm. Some in vitro studies have shown that EGFR and PI3K-Akt pathway play an important role in the carcinogenesis of bile duct carcinoma. The aim of the present study is to investigate the expression of EGFR, p-AKT, and COX-2 and the mutation of PIK3CA in distal EBD carcinoma and evaluate the association with clinicopathological factors. Ninety cases of distal extrahepatic bile duct (EBD) carcinoma specimens were studied. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) using antibodies against EGFR, p-AKT, and COX-2 was performed on TMA blocks. The PIK3CA mutation was evaluated using the PNAClamp Detection Kit from DNA samples extracted from formalin fixed, paraffin embedded tissue. EGFR expression of distal EBD carcinomas was 61.9%, 26.2%, 6.0% and 6.0% in the negative, weakly positive, moderately positive, and strongly positive groups, respectively. Positive EGFR expression showed significant relationships with high T stage (p = 0.024). In Kaplan–Meier analysis, EGFR expression was associated with shorter cancer-specific overall survival (p = 0.005). Multivariate analysis also showed that moderate or strong (2+ or 3+) EGFR expression was a significant prognostic factor in distal EBD carcinoma: HR 5.286; p = 0.001. Ninety cases of EBD carcinoma tissue were analysed for hotspot mutations (exon 9 and 20) in the PIK3CA gene. Only one mutation was detected: a missense mutation of H1047 at exon 20. The expression levels of p-AKT and COX-2 showed no association with any clinicopathological parameters, including survival rate. Moderate and strong EGFR expressions demonstrate a direct link to poor prognosis. Although further study is warranted to understand the clinicopathological significance, our finding suggests EGFR is a useful prognostic marker of patients with distal EBD carcinoma. A low prevalence of PIK3CA mutation exists in the distal EBD carcinoma of Korean patients, indicating that mutation screening may not be useful in determining prognosis or in formulating a treatment response to targeted inhibition in Korea.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Pathology
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    ABSTRACT: Background Discrepancies in the clinicopathologic parameters pre- and post-endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) sometimes necessitate additional surgical resection. The aim of this study was to assess such discrepancies in clinicopathologic parameters before and after ESD in the context of reducing the risk of failure of curative ESD. Methods Data on 712 early gastric cancer patients were prospectively collected from 12 university hospitals nationwide. The inclusion criteria were differentiated carcinoma <3 cm in size, no ulceration, submucosal invasion <500 μm, and no metastasis. Clinicopathologic factors were compared retrospectively. Results The discrepancy rate was 20.1 % (148/737) and the most common cause of discrepancy was tumor size (64 cases, 8.7 %). Ulceration, undifferentiated histology, and SM2 invasion were found in 34 (4.6 %), 18 (2.4 %), and 51 cases (6.9 %), respectively. Lymphovascular invasion (LVI) was observed in 34 cases (4.6 %). Cases with lesions exceeding 3 cm in size showed more frequent submucosal invasion, an elevated gross morphology, and upper and middle locations (p < 0.05). In the cases with ulceration, depth of invasion (DOI) was deeper than in the cases without ulceration (p = 0.005). Differentiation was correlated with DOI and LVI (p = 0.021 and 0.007). DOI was correlated with tumor size, ulceration, differentiation, LVI, gross type, and location. There were statistically significant differences between mucosal cancer cases and submucosal cancer cases in tumor size, differentiation, ulceration, LVI, and location. Conclusions The overall discrepancy rate was 20.1 %. To reduce this rate, it is necessary to evaluate the DOI very cautiously, because it is correlated with other parameters. In particular, careful checking for SM-invasive cancer is required due to the high incidence of LVI irrespective of the depth of submucosal invasion.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Gastric Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) play a significant role in tumor progression and angiogenesis. However, the prognostic value of TAMs in different histologic locations of gastric cancer (GC) is still unknown. We evaluated the distribution of TAMs in different histologic locations to investigate its importance in predicting prognosis and the relationship with angiogenesis and CXCL12 expression in GC. Methods and materials: The distribution of TAMs and microvessel density (MVD) in 113 GC samples were evaluated by immunohistochemical staining of CD163 and CD105, respectively. The extent of TAM distribution in the tumor was categorized into three groups: infiltrated TAMs in the tumor nest (TN), tumor stroma (TS) and invasive tumor margin (TM). The expression of CXCL12 in GC were evaluated by immunohistochemical staining of tissues from 88 GC samples. Results: The increased CD163+ TAMs in TS and TM were closely correlated with tumor size, depth of invasion, TNM stage, lymph node metastasis, and lymphovascular invasion. TAMs in TN was not related with any clinicopathologic characteristics except histologic differentiation. The high infiltration of CD163+ TAMs in TS and TM were significantly correlated with poor overall survival. Regardless of location, CD163+ TAMs were significantly correlated with increased MVD. CXCL12 expression was significantly associated with increased CD163+ TAMs in TS and TM. Conclusions: TAMs in different histologic locations in GC were related to distinct aspects of tumor progression. CD163+ TAMs in TS and TM are associated with tumor progression and CXCL12 expression in GC. TAMs may be involved in tumor progression through the angiogenesis.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Gastroentérologie Clinique et Biologique
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    ABSTRACT: Isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) catalyzes the oxidative decarboxylation of isocitrate to yield α-ketoglutarate (α-KG) with production of reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH). Dysfunctional IDH leads to reduced production of α-KG and NADH and increased production of 2-hydroxyglutarate, an oncometabolite. This results in increased oxidative damage and stabilization of hypoxia-inducible factor α, causing cells to be prone to tumorigenesis. This study investigated IDH mutations in 61 Ewing sarcoma family tumors (ESFTs), using a pentose nucleic acid clamping method and direct sequencing. We identified four cases of ESFTs harboring IDH mutations. The number of IDH1 and IDH2 mutations was equal and the subtype of IDH mutations was variable. Clinicopathologic analysis according to IDH mutation status did not reveal significant results. This study is the first to report IDH mutations in ESFTs. The results indicate that ESFTs can harbor IDH mutations in previously known hot-spot regions, although their incidence is rare. Further validation with a larger case-based study would establish more reliable and significant data on prevalence rate and the biological significance of IDH mutations in ESFTs.
    Preview · Article · May 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Raf-1 kinase inhibitory protein (RKIP), an endogenous inhibitor of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway, suppresses metastasis in a number of cancer types, including colorectal carcinoma (CRC); thus, RKIP downregulation significantly contributes to CRC invasiveness and metastatic potential. However, our previous study demonstrated that RKIP-positive tumors in CRC patients are predictive of hepatic colorectal metastases (HCMs). Based on the previous finding that the ERK pathway can be activated independently of RKIP, we hypothesized that RKIP-expressing HCMs may express significant levels of phosphorylated ERK (pERK). Thus, the present study evaluated the expression of RKIP and pERK in 68 HCM tissue samples using immunohistochemistry. RKIP expression was positive in 22 (32.4%) of the 68 samples, seven (31.8%) of which exhibited nuclear pERK immunoreactivity exclusively at the invasive tumor front. Furthermore, pERK expression at the invasive front was significantly associated with recurrent HCM following hepatic resection, and pERK expression observed at the invasive front of RKIP-expressing HCMs indicated that the activation of the ERK pathway may also be involved in the invasive process of these tumors, despite the presence of RKIP. A strong association between pERK expression and the presence of recurrent HCM may indicate that the ERK pathway is important in the metastatic recurrence of RKIP-positive HCM.
    Preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Oncology letters
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    Jae-Young Park · Youn Wha Kim · Kil Yeon Lee · Ji-Youn Sung
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    ABSTRACT: An epidermoid cyst of the cecum is extremely rare; only eight cases have been reported in the literature. A 63-year-old woman was admitted to Kyung Hee University Medical Center with a colonic mass that had been discovered incidentally during a regular health check-up. The radiographic impression was that this mass was a gastrointestinal stromal tumor. During surgery, an exophytic mass in the cecal wall was resected by using an ileocecectomy. Based on the macroscopic and the microscopic findings, this case was identified as an epidermoid cyst of the cecal wall. We report this case to discuss the origin of this entity and the unusual nature of our case.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2015 · Annals of Coloproctology
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    ABSTRACT: There have been several studies on gallbladder carcinogenesis, and mutations of the KRAS, TP53, and CDKN2A genes have been reported in gallbladder carcinoma. The DBC1 gene (deleted in breast cancer 1) was initially cloned from region 8p21, which was homozygously deleted in breast cancer. DBC1 has been implicated in cancer cell proliferation and death. The functional role of DBC1 in normal cells and the role of DBC1 loss in cancer are not entirely clear. And DBC1 expression and its clinical implications in gallbladder carcinoma have yet to be thoroughly elucidated. Therefore, we evaluated DBC1 expression in 104 gallbladder carcinoma tissues in relation to survival and other prognostic factors via immunohistochemical analysis. DBC1 expression was divided into two categories: high DBC1 expression was observed in 32/104 cases (30.8%) and low expression in 72/104 cases (69.2%). High DBC1 expression correlated significantly with favorable clinicopathologic variables. Furthermore, in survival analysis, the high-DBC1 expression group showed a better survival rate compared to the low-DBC1 expression group. In conclusion, high DBC1 expression is associated with several favorable clinicopathologic factors in gallbladder carcinoma. These findings suggest that loss of DBC1 expression plays a role in tumorigenesis and tumor progression in gallbladder carcinoma.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · International journal of clinical and experimental pathology
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    Hyun Soo Kim · Ji Youn Sung · Won Seo Park · Youn Wha Kim
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    ABSTRACT: An enteric duplication cyst presenting as enterocolic intussusception is an exceptional clinical entity. We herein report a rare case of an ileal duplication cyst that manifested as an ileocolic intussusception. A 19-year-old woman was hospitalized due to right upper quadrant pain. Colonoscopy revealed a polypoid mass protruding into the colonic lumen. Ultrasonography demonstrated intussusception with a teardrop-shaped cystic mass at the tip. Computed tomography also showed ileocolic intussusception with a 2.5 cm-sized round cystic mass at the tip of intussusceptum. Microscopically, the cystic wall consisted of a well-defined smooth muscle coat and heterotopic gastric mucosa, consistent with an enteric duplication cyst. This case highlights an ileal duplication cyst as an uncommon cause of adult ileocolic intussusception. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of enteric duplication cyst identified as a pathological lead point for enterocolic intussusception in an adult. Enteric duplication cysts should be included in the differential diagnosis of cystic-leading lesions for adult intussusceptions.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2014 · The Turkish journal of gastroenterology: the official journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
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    ABSTRACT: Beclin-1 induces autophagy, which is known to be involved in many physiopathological processes such as cell development, aging, stress response, immune response and cancer. Several studies showed that Beclin-1 expression is associated with several prognostic factors of gastric carcinomas. Recently, the connection between autophagy and the hedgehog (HH) signaling pathway has been studied. Here, we investigated the relationship between the autophagy and hedgehog (HH) signaling pathways in gastric adenocarcinoma. We evaluated Beclin-1 and Gli2 expression in 108 gastric adenocarcinoma tissues via immunohistochemical analysis, using a tissue microarray, in relation to survival and other prognostic factors. Our results show that increased Beclin-1 expression is correlated with favorable clinicopathological variables including histologic grade, tumor size, primary tumor (T) stage, lymph node metastasis, lymphatic invasion, neural invasion, and tumor recurrence. Furthermore, increased Gli-2 expression was correlated with several favorable clinicopathological variables including primary tumor (T) stage, lymphatic invasion, and tumor recurrence. Increased Beclin-1 expression was significantly correlated with increased Gli2. Univariate analyses for disease-free survival and overall survival revealed that the higher Beclin-1 and Gli2 expression group had a more favorable prognosis compared with the lower Beclin-1 and Gli2 expression group. Our results suggest that progressively increased Beclin-1 and Gli2 expression contributes to the inhibition of tumor growth and metastasis in gastric adenocarcinoma and Beclin-1 acts as a tumor suppressor by regulating the HH signaling pathway through Gli2 expression in gastric adenocarcinoma.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Pathology - Research and Practice
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    ABSTRACT: Autophagy plays critical roles in both cell survival and cell death. Beclin-1, a key modulator of autophagy function, is considered a haploinsufficient tumor suppressor. The role of Beclin-1 expression in cancer is still controversial. Some studies favor the idea that autophagy suppresses tumor development, whereas other researchers suggest that autophagy enhances tumorigenesis. The expression and function of Beclin-1 in gallbladder cancer (GBCA) remain largely unknown. Methodology: We performed immunohistochemical staining for Beclin-1 in 119 GBCA cases, and investigated whether Beclin-1 expression correlated with clinicopathologic characteristics and prognosis of patients. Beclin-1 was expressed in the cytoplasm of cancer cells with occasional nuclear staining in 53 (44.5%) of the 119 cases of GBCA with no expression in adjacent normal epithelial cells. Increased expression of Beclin-1 was significantly associated with longer survival rate of patients with GBCA in univariate (p=0.006) and multivariate analyses (p=0.005). There is no association between Beclin-1 expression and clinicopathologic characteristics. Beclin-1 was highly expressed in GBCA, and positive expression in cancer cells was significantly related with favorable prognosis in GBCA patients. Our results suggest that the expression of Beclin-1 may be an independent predictive marker of favorable prognosis in GBCA.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Hepato-gastroenterology
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    Hyun-Soo Kim · Sung-Im DO · Youn Wha Kim
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    ABSTRACT: The occurrence of idiopathic pulmonary lesions in laboratory rats, characterized by lymphohistiocytic interstitial pneumonia with dense perivascular lymphoid cuffs, has been reported over the past decade. Although the term rat respiratory virus (RRV) was adopted to confer a putative viral etiology to the idiopathic pulmonary lesions, the etiology of this disease remains to be elucidated. Recently, inflammatory lesions have been observed in the lungs of immunocompetent laboratory rats similar to those previously described. Based on the latest evidence indicating that Pneumocystis carinii (P. carinii), and not putative RRV, causes infectious interstitial pneumonia in laboratory rats, the present study investigated whether the pulmonary lesions observed were caused by P. carinii infection. Male Sprague-Dawley rats, free of known pathogens, were introduced into a rat colony positive for RRV-type lesions. Routine histopathological examinations were performed on the rat lung tissues following exposure. The presence of Pneumocystis organisms was confirmed using Grocott's methenamine silver (GMS) staining. At week 3 following introduction, a few small lymphoid aggregates were located adjacent to the edematous vascular sheath. By week 5, foci of dense perivascular lymphoid cuffing were observed. Multifocal lymphohistiocytic interstitial pneumonia and prominent lymphoid perivascular cuffs were observed between week 7 and 10. GMS staining confirmed the presence of Pneumocystis cysts. Thus, the results of the present study demonstrated that P. carinii caused lymphohistiocytic interstitial pneumonia in a group of laboratory rats. The observations strongly support the conclusion that P. carinii infection in immunocompetent laboratory rats causes the lung lesions that were previously attributed to RRV.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2014 · Experimental and therapeutic medicine
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    Hyun-Soo Kim · Sang Hwa Lee · Hyung-Sik Moon · Youn Wha Kim
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    ABSTRACT: The current study presents a rare case of intradermal melanocytic nevus with lymphatic nevus cell embolus. A 26-year-old male presented with a slowly enlarging, pigmented nodule on the back, measuring 1 cm in diameter. Histological observations of the lesion were typical of an intradermal melanocytic nevus. The most notable feature of this nevus, however, was an aggregate of nevus cells within a lymphatic vessel of the upper dermis. The nevus cells observed within the lymphatic lumen demonstrated characteristic morphological features of type A nevus cells. The cells were round-to-cuboidal, exhibited abundant cytoplasm with well-defined cell borders and formed nests. In addition, the nevus cell aggregate was lined by flattened endothelial cells. Nevus cell aggregates occur in the collagenous framework of lymph nodes, however, the mechanism by which nevus cells are deposited in lymph nodes has been a source of interest and controversy. The histological observation presented may be regarded as support for the mechanical transport or benign metastasis theories, which posit transfer of nevus cell emboli, via lymphatics, from a cutaneous nevus to the draining regional lymph node. Due to its rarity, a lymphatic nevus cell embolus creates diagnostic and management issues for pathologists and clinicians. This observation must not be interpreted as evidence of malignancy, but must be assessed in context with the associated histological features of the lesion.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2014 · Oncology letters
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    ABSTRACT: Chemokines are a family of peptide mediators that play an essential role in cellular migration and intracellular communication in tumor cells as well as immune cells. We hypothesized that the CXCL16-CXCR6 ligand-receptor system plays an important role in Ewing sarcoma (ES) family tumor (ESFT) progression. Using real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, we investigated the mRNA expression of CXCL16, CXCR6, and ADAM 10 in various cell lines. We also investigated the expression of CXCL16, CXCR6, ADAM 10, and ADAM 17 in tissue samples from 61 ESFT patients using immunohistochemistry. The mRNA expression levels of CXCL16 and CXCR6 in the ES cell line were higher than those in the other cell lines. Immunohistochemical staining revealed that CXCL16 and CXCR6 were highly expressed in tumor cells of ESFT and showed a positive correlation between them. The expression of CXCL16 and CXCR6 was associated with the occurrence of lung metastasis. Univariate analysis revealed that CXCL16 or CXCR6 expression was associated with worse prognosis of ESFT patients. In addition, CXCL16 and CXCR6 expression was associated with shorter overall survival irrespective of other prognostic factors. Our results suggest that the CXCL16/CXCR6 axis appears to be important in the progression of ESFT, resulting in more aggressive clinical behavior. Furthermore, there may be a decrease in the overall survival in ESFT patients who have tumors that stain strongly for CXCL16 and CXCR6.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2013 · Human pathology
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    ABSTRACT: FOXP3 is a transcription factor and a well-known hallmark of immune suppressive T regulatory cells. Recent studies indicate that in tumor cells, FOXP3 plays an important role in tumor development in addition to its well-established Treg function in the immune system. We investigated tumoral FOXP3 expression in breast carcinoma, and the relationships between tumoral FOXP3 expression and p53, HER-2/ErbB2, Ki67, infiltrated Tregs, and other clinicopathological variables. Tissue samples from 272 cases of breast carcinoma were used. We assessed tumoral FOXP3, p53, HER-2/ErbB2, Ki67, and infiltrated Tregs using immunohistochemical staining. Positive expression of tumoral FOXP3 was observed in 38.6% (105/272) of breast carcinomas. Positive tumoral FOXP3 expression was significantly related with positive p53 and higher Ki67 expression. Higher histological grade was significantly correlated to increased tumoral FOXP3 expression. Tumoral FOXP3 expression was positively correlated with infiltrated FOXP3-expressing Tregs. From these data, we argue that tumoral FOXP3 has a potential oncogenic function in conjunction with the p53 tumor suppressor protein and infiltrated Tregs in human breast carcinomas.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Pathology - Research and Practice
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    ABSTRACT: Detection of proximal serrated polyps (PSPs) is increasingly recognized as a new qualitative target for colonoscopy. The aims of this study were to assess the detected prevalence of PSPs and synchronous adenomas in an asymptomatic average-risk screening cohort and to evaluate potential factors associated with detection of PSPs. The study included 1,375 asymptomatic average-risk Korean patients (aged 50 years or older) who underwent screening colonoscopy. In total, 1,710 polyps were evaluated pathologically. The overall PSP detection rate (PSPDR) was low at 3.1%, despite high polyp (54.0%) and adenoma detection rates (ADRs, 43.5%). ADR did not correlate with PSPDR, but it was strongly correlated with PDR (r=0.810; p<0.001). Patients with PSPs were more likely to have longer withdrawal time and more proximal colon adenomas than patients without PSPs (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 1.19; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.09 to 1.31; p<0.001) (adjusted OR, 2.03; 95% CI, 1.06 to 3.88; p=0.031, respectively). The detected prevalence of PSPs was low (<5%) in an asymptomatic average-risk screening Korean population, despite the high prevalence of conventional adenomas. A longer mucosal inspection of the proximal colon may serve as a practical method to enhance detection of PSPs.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Gut and liver
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    Hyun-Soo Kim · Ji-Youn Sung · Won Seo Park · Youn Wha Kim
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    ABSTRACT: Peritoneal loose bodies (PLBs) are usually discovered incidentally during laparotomy or autopsy. A few cases of giant PLBs presenting with various symptoms have been reported in the literature. Here, we describe a case of a giant PLB incidentally found in the pelvic cavity of a 50-year-old man. Computed tomography revealed a free ovoid mass in the pelvic cavity that consisted of central dense, heterogeneous calcifications and peripheral soft tissue. The mass was an egg-shaped, hard, glistening concretion measuring 7.5×7.0×6.8 cm and weighing 160 g. This concretion consisted of central necrotic fatty tissue surrounded by concentrically laminated, acellular, fibrous material. Small PLBs usually do not require any specific treatment. However, if PLBs cause alimentary or urinary symptoms due to their large size, surgical removal may be recommended. It is essential for clinicians to be aware of this entity and its characteristic features to establish the correct diagnosis.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2013 · The Korean Journal of Pathology
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    ABSTRACT: Gallbladder carcinoma (GBCA) is one of the most aggressive malignancies. It is usually diagnosed at an advanced stage, and prognosis remains poor despite advances in imaging techniques and aggressive surgical treatment. Overexpression of multidrug resistance-associated proteins (MRPs) in tumor cells is a major cause of the intrinsic multidrug resistance phenotype. Despite the documented importance of MRP expression in many carcinomas, the prognostic significance of MRP2 expression in primary GBCA is not known. Immunostaining for MRP2 was performed on tissue samples obtained from 143 patients with GBCA. We examined the association between MRP expression and clinicopathological characteristics and outcome of patients with GBCA. GBCA demonstrated MRP2 immunoreactivity in the apicolateral membranes of epithelial cells. MRP2 expression was positive in 53.1% (76/143) of GBCA samples. Positive MRP2 expression was significantly associated with the presence of local recurrence (P = 0.038), lymphatic invasion (P = 0.038), vascular invasion (P = 0.023), and perineural invasion (P = 0.006). In addition, the median survival time of patients with MRP2-positive GBCA (15 months) was significantly shorter than that of patients with MRP2-negative GBCA (85 months, P = 0.011). We found that the expression of MRP2 in GBCA contributed to aggressive tumor behavior and poor prognosis, suggesting that MRP2 expression can be used as a potential prognostic biomarker of GBCA.
    Preview · Article · Jun 2013
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    ABSTRACT: There is confusion in the diagnosis and biological behaviors of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs), because of independently proposed nomenclatures and classifications. A standardized form of pathology report is required for the proper management of patients. We discussed the proper pathological evaluation of GEP-NET at the consensus conference of the subcommittee meeting for the Gastrointestinal Pathology Study Group of the Korean Society of Pathologists. We then verified the prognostic significance of pathological parameters from our previous nationwide collection of pathological data from 28 hospitals in Korea to determine the essential data set for a pathology report. Histological classification, grading (mitosis and/or Ki-67 labeling index), T staging (extent, size), lymph node metastasis, and lymphovascular and perineural invasion were significant prognostic factors and essential for the pathology report of GEP-NET, while immunostaining such as synaptophysin and chromogranin may be optional. Furthermore, the staging system, either that of the 2010 American Joint Cancer Committee (AJCC) or the European Neuroendocrine Tumor Society (ENETS), should be specified, especially for pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms. A standardized pathology report is crucial for the proper management and prediction of prognosis of patients with GEP-NET.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2013 · The Korean Journal of Pathology
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    ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in the development, differentiation, and function of different cell types and in the pathogenesis of various human diseases. miRNAs are differentially expressed in normal and cancer cells. The investigation of miRNA expression between healthy subjects and patients with osteosarcoma is crucial for future clinical trials. We performed miRNA microarray analysis on 8 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded osteosarcoma tissue samples. We confirmed the results of the microarray analysis using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. miRNA profiling of osteosarcoma tissue samples showed that expression of 10 miRNAs had increased 10-fold compared with normal controls. Among the 10 miRNAs, 3 miRNAs (miR-199b-5p, miR-338-3p, and miR-891a) were confirmed to have been up-regulated by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. After transfection of 4 osteosarcoma cell lines with miR-199b-5p inhibitor, the expression of Notch pathway components in the transfected cell lines was changed. These results revealed that miR-199b-5p plays a role in Notch signaling in osteosarcoma. Recently, the inhibition of Notch and HES1 signaling has been suggested as a potential therapeutic strategy to prevent metastasis in human osteosarcoma. Taken together with our results, we suggest that miR-199b-5p inhibitor may also be a therapeutic option for osteosarcoma.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2013 · Human pathology

Publication Stats

834 Citations
166.29 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1995-2015
    • Kyung Hee University
      • • Department of Medicine
      • • College of Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 1994-2012
    • Kyung Hee University Medical Center
      • • Department of Pathology
      • • Department of Diagnotic Radiology
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2008
    • Hallym University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea