[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The process of vascular calcification involves various genetic alterations which may play a very important role in the vascular calcification. Vascular smooth muscle cells undoubtedly composed the main part of vascular cells, and are involved in vascular calcification. So bovine artery smooth muscle cell (BASMC) was used to investigate the gene changes during BASMC's calcification.
Bovine artery smooth muscle cells cultured in vitro was induced calcified by beta-Glycerophosphate (beta-GP). Using DD-PCR technique to screening differentially expressed genes and those differentially expressed bands were re-examed by reverse Northern blot. All the ESTs were sequenced and BLAST with GenBank.
Total 65 cDNAs were isolated as differentially expressed genes and 40 of them were successfully reamplified. Using reverse-Northern blot, seven of these 40 cDNAs were reproducibly expressed differentially between the two cells. Three of them are new bands and have not been reported before.
This is the first time using DD-PCR to screen differentially expressed genes of BASMC calcification. Seven related ESTs were identified relating to BASMC calcification.
No preview · Article · Aug 2004 · Zhongguo ying yong sheng li xue za zhi = Zhongguo yingyong shenglixue zazhi = Chinese journal of applied physiology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Accumulated evidence suggest that the development of vascular calcification is similar to osteogenesis. Here we want to elucidate the effect of the common used osteo-regulatory factor 1,25(OH)2D3 on vascular calcification.
Adding 10(-9) mol/L to the culture media 1,25(OH)2D3 time dependently increased the calcium deposition on the in vitro calcification of bovine vascular smooth muscle cells (BVSMCs) induced by beta-GP. It also increased cellular alkaline phosphatase activity by 301.1% during the calcified process. Osteocalcin, one of the osteogenic specific metric proteins, was dramatically elevated by 58.3% during the calcified processes, which indicate the transformation of BVSMCs to osteoblastic cell. 1,25(OH)2D3 had no such effect on non-calcified BVSMCs.
These data suggest that 1,25(OH)2D3 exerts a stimulatory effect on vascular calcification through increasing the synthesis of ALP. This effect shares the same character as osteoblast cells. This effect is limited to the calcified prone vascular cell.
No preview · Article · May 2002 · Zhongguo ying yong sheng li xue za zhi = Zhongguo yingyong shenglixue zazhi = Chinese journal of applied physiology