Yu-Tao Jian

Sun Yat-Sen University, Shengcheng, Guangdong, China

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Publications (4)7.13 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders are commonly occurring degenerative joint diseases that require surgical replacement of the mandibular condyle in severe cases. Transplantation of tissue-engineered mandibular condyle constructs may solve some of the current surgical limitations to TMJ repair. We evaluated the feasibility of mandibular condyle constructs engineered from human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal cells (BMSCs). Specifically, human BMSCs were transfected with basic FGF (bFGF) gene-encoding plasmids and induced to differentiate into osteoblasts and chondroblasts. The cells were seeded onto mandibular condyle-shaped porous coral scaffolds and evaluated for osteogenic/chondrogenic differentiation, cell proliferation, collagen deposition and tissue vascularization. Transfected human BMSCs expressed bFGF and were highly proliferative. Osteogenesis was irregular, showing neovascularization around new bone tissue. There was no evidence of bilayered osteochondral tissue present in normal articulating surfaces. Collagen deposition, characteristic of bone and cartilage, was observed. Subcutaneous transplantation of seeded coral/hydrogel hyaluran constructs into nude mice resulted in bone formation and collagen type I and type II deposition. Neovascularization was observed around newly formed bone tissue; bFGF expression was detected in implanted constructs seeded with bFGF expressing hBMSCs. This report demonstrates that engineered porous coral constructs using bFGF gene-transfected human BMSCs may be a feasible option for surgical transplantation in TMJ repair.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2011 · Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: The molecular biological properties of oral lichen planus (OLP) are largely unknown. The aim of this study was to identify the genes responsible for its pathogenesis at the genome scale using DNA microarray technology. The RNA samples extracted from the specimens of nine OLP patients and nine controls were analyzed with Affymetrix GeneChip. Real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis was applied to confirm GeneChip results. A total of 985 differentially expressed genes (629 up-regulated and 356 down-regulated) were identified. These genes were involved in many function classifications and biochemical pathways. The results of quantitative RT-PCR analysis of FOXP3, VEGFA, ANGPT1, MMP1, and SCGB2A2 were consistent with their changes demonstrated by GeneChip. This study showed the gene expression profiles of OLP, which were quite distinct from that of healthy controls. These results presented a global view of physiopathologic processes in lesions, which will give important clues to understand pathogenesis and identify new therapeutic targets of OLP.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2009 · Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine
  • Yu-Tao Jian · Jun-Qi Ling
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the potential corrosive effect of topical fluoride agents used for professional treatments at dental prophylaxis on the polished surfaces of five composite resins. A total of 125 specimens were fabricated from micro hybrid composite, nano-combined composite, nanocomposite, compomer and ormocer in a phi 6 mm x 3 mm cavity with 25 specimens for each composite group. The flat surfaces of the specimens were smoothed and polished, then applied respectively with four topical fluoride agents and distilled water, and stored at 37 degrees C 100% relative humidity for 30 min. The changes in morphologic features of the surfaces were assessed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The disintegrated surface was further analysed under a confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM). All fluorides showed reaction to all composites except nanocomposite. The aggressiveness of the fluorides arranged sequentially as F (Elmex fluid) > G (Elmex gelée) > D (Duraphat) > B (Bifluorid 12). The treated surfaces were generally rough. F and G caused the overall surface corrosion, whereas etching on the surface by D and B was sporadic confined. The destructive effects demonstrated a large number of craters on the surface somewhat like an atoll owing to filler dissolution. Crack formation resulted in destruction of the filler-matrix interface was observed. Ormocer was severely affected after F and G treatment. Instead of crater glass filler protruding from the bumpy surface indicated the excessively disintegrated matrix of ormocer. Topography under CLSM exhibited the roughening of the composite surface, roughness parameters for profile (Sa, Sz, Smax) increased when the surface was treated. Surface change in nanocomposite specimens was neither visually nor numerically discerned. Topical application of highly concentrated fluoride prophylactic agents leaded to surface degradation and porosity of composite, nanocomposite was, however, chemically resistant. Isolation of the composite surface should be considered in clinical application of topical fluoride.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2007 · Zhonghua kou qiang yi xue za zhi = Zhonghua kouqiang yixue zazhi = Chinese journal of stomatology
  • Zheng-mei Lin · Jun-qi Ling · Fang Liu · Yang Hu · Yu-tao Jian
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    ABSTRACT: To synthesize a new resin root canal filling material (NRCFM) and evaluate its stability in water and artificial saliva. The new root canal filling material was made of thermoplastic elastomer (TPE), ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) and activity fillers. The NRCFM's stability in water and artificial saliva with different pH values was assessed using gravimetric analysis, ICP and FE-SEM. NRCFM1 and NRCFM2 were successfully made. Gravimetric evaluation showed that the changes in mass over 30 days different solution medium for NRCFM1 and NRCFM2 were comparable to that of GP (P > 0.05) and significantly different from Resilon (P < 0.001). ICP showed slight changes in Si concentration for NRCFM1 and NRCFM2, Zn for GP, Na and Si for Resilon in the alkaline artificial saliva (pH 9.5). GP and Resilon showed release of Zn and Na respectively in distilled water whereas NRCFM1 and NRCFM2 were stable. FE-SEM micrographs showed that there were slight changes on the surface topography of NRCFM1 and NRCFM2. The new resin root canal filling material NRCFM1 and NRCFM2 had good stability in different experimental solutions.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2007 · Zhonghua kou qiang yi xue za zhi = Zhonghua kouqiang yixue zazhi = Chinese journal of stomatology