Yang Gao

Zunyi Medical University, Tsun-i-ch’eng, Guizhou Sheng, China

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Publications (3)9.17 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: This study aims to investigate the effects of ginsenoside Rb(1) on vascular intimal hyperplasia in rats and explore the mechanisms. The rat vascular neointimal hyperplasia model was made by rubbing the endothelia of carotid artery with a balloon and Rb(1) (10 and 30 mg/kg/day) was given the day after surgery for 14 consecutive days. The neointimal hyperplasia level and the degree of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) proliferation were evaluated by histopathology and by calculating the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) positive expression percentage; protein expressions of PCNA, phosphorylation extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (pERK1/2), smooth muscle α-actin (SM α-actin), and the mRNA expressions of proto-oncogene c-myc, SM α-actin, SM-emb (embryonic smooth muscle myosin heavy chain) and p38 MAPK were detected by immunohistochemistry and Real Time RT-PCR, respectively. Compared with the endothelia rubbing model group, Rb(1) 10 and 30 mg/kg/day medication significantly ameliorated the neointimal hyperplasia (P<0.05), and decreased the positive expression percentage of PCNA(P<0.05). Rb(1) medication also significantly decreased the elevated protein expression of pERK1/2 and the mRNA expression of c-myc(P<0.05), and tended to reduce the expression of p38 MAPK mRNA. Endothelial rubbing increased the SM-emb mRNA expression, but decreased the expression of SM α-actin mRNA which was reversed by Rb(1) (P<0.05). The results indicate that Rb(1) inhibits the vascular neointimal hyperplasia induced by balloon-injury in rats via suppressing the VSMC proliferation, which may be involved in part the inhibition of pERK1/2 protein and related to its inhibition on VSMC phenotype modulation.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2012 · European journal of pharmacology
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    ABSTRACT: Ginsenoside Rg1 (Rg1) is one of the main active components of Panax ginseng a well-known herbal medicine. It has been demonstrated to inhibit proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) induced by tumor necrosis factor-αin vitro. The present study is aimed to examine the possible effects of Rg1 on vascular neointimal hyperplasia in balloon-injured carotid artery of rats in vivo. The animal model was established by rubbing the endothelia with a balloon catheter in the common carotid artery (CCA) of male Sprague Dawley rats. Then the rats were intraperitoneally injected with distilled water in model group and sham operation control, or with Rg1 4, 8 and 16mg/kg/d in other balloon injured groups. After consecutive 14 days, the vascular intimal hyperplasia was evidenced by histopathological alterations of the CCA and by changes observed in the marker of the proliferation of VSMCs-the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). The protein expressions of PCNA and the phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase2 (p-ERK2) as well as mitogen-ativated protein kinase phosphatase-1 (MKP-1) were examined by immunohistochemistry; while the expressions of proto-oncogene (c-fos), ERK2 and smooth muscle α-actin (SM α-actin) mRNA were analyzed by Real-Time RT-PCR. Rg1 administration could significantly ameliorate the histopathology of CCA and decrease the protein expression of PCNA induced by endothelia rubbing; and Rg1 medication also significantly decreased the expressions of p-ERK2 protein, ERK2 and c-fos mRNA in vessel wall, but up-regulated the MKP-1 expression, which was reported to inactivate mitogen-ativated protein kinase pathway. Furthermore, Rg1 could elevate the decreased SM α-actin mRNA expression induced by balloon injury. Rg1 can suppress the vascular neointimal hyperplasia induced by balloon injury, the mechanism may be involved in the inhibition on ERK2 signaling, and related, at least partly, to the increase in MKP-1 expression.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2011 · Journal of ethnopharmacology
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    ABSTRACT: Ginsenosides, the active components found in Panax ginseng, have been reported to inhibit the cardiac hypertrophy in rats. This study aims to observe the potential effect of total ginsenosides (TG) on the hypertrophic vascular diseases. The model of vascular neointimal hyperplasia was established by rubbing the endothelia of the common carotid artery with a balloon in male Sprague Dawley rats. TG (15 mg/kg/day, 45 mg/kg/day), L-arginine (L-arg) 200 mg/kg/day, and NG-nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester (L-NAME) 100 mg/kg/day used with the same dose of L-arg or TG 45 mg/kg/day were given for 7 and 14 consecutive days after surgery. TG and L-arg administrations significantly ameliorated the histopathology of injured carotid artery, which was abolished or blunted by L-NAME, an NOS inhibitor; TG and L-arg could also remarkably reduce the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), a proliferation marker of vascular smooth muscle cells(VSMCs), in neointima of the injured artery wall. Further study indicated that balloon injury caused a decreased superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and an elevated malondialdehyde (MDA) content in plasma, and reduced the cGMP level in the artery wall, which were reversed by TG. It was concluded that TG suppress the rat carotid artery neointimal hyperplasia induced by balloon injury, which may be involved in its anti-oxidative action and enhancing the inhibition effects of NO/cGMP on VSMC proliferation.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2010 · Vascular Pharmacology