[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Recent data suggest that tumor persistence and recurrence could be caused by the presence of cancer stem cells (CSCs). Aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1) has been implicated in cancer pathogenesis and used as a CSC marker. We previously reported that cervical carcinoma contains a small subpopulation of cells expressing ALDH1 . In this study, we used small interfering RNA to suppress ALDH1 expression and introduced an ALDH1 reporting vector into HeLa cells followed by various in vitro assays. We showed that knockdown of ALDH1 expression reduced the cell migration ability of HeLa cells, whereas augmented expression of ALDH1 increased cell migration. However, there was no difference in the cellular proliferation, apoptosis, cell cycle, and invasion. These results indicate that ALDH1 is directly involved in HeLa migration.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Because altered microRNAs (miRNAs) expression patterns have been observed in a variety of diseased tissues, miRNA expression was compared in human cervical cancer tissues relative to adjacent normal cervical tissues in the present study. Microarray chips with 924 probes were used to detect the expression of miRNAs in cervical cancer tissue and adjacent normal cervical tissue of 13 patients with cervical cancer (11 squamous cervical cancers, one cervical adenocarcinoma, and one cervical sarcoma), all of whom were infected with human papilloma virus (HPV) 16 and/or HPV18. Compared to the expression levels in normal cervical tissues, 18 miRNAs (1.9%) were significantly upregulated (increase of ≥2×), and 19 miRNAs (2.1%) were significantly downregulated (decrease of ≤0.5×) in cervical cancer tissues. miRNA expression was independent of lymph node involvement, vascular invasion, and pathological differentiation. Taken together, cervical cancer tissues have altered expression of miRNAs relative to adjacent normal tissues. Further studies are necessary to determine whether aberrant miRNA expression is related to the pathogenesis of cervical cancer.