Yi-Wen Wu

Xin Hua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (3)11.87 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Few studies regarding the epidemiology of essential tremor (ET) and its non-motor symptoms (NMS) have been conducted to date. We thus conducted a door-to-door survey to investigate the ET and its NMS and their clinical manifestations in a rural area of Shanghai, China. Methods: We recruited 19,614 residents (≥50 years old), living in Malu town, Shanghai. Investigations were divided into two steps. In first step, trained physicians conducted door-to-door surveys and reported probable ET subjects to movement disorder specialists. In the second step, participants with suspected ET had their diagnosis confirmed by movement disorder specialists. We randomly selected 123 subjects from those adults who screened negative for neurological conditions as healthy controls for the study of NMS. Results: The prevalence of ET in individuals (≥50 years old) was 0.306% (PR = 3.06 per 1000). The mini-mental state examination (MMSE) scores were lower in ET patients than in controls (25.81 ± 4.20 vs. 26.63 ± 3.14, P= 0.024). Complaints of restless legs reported by ET patients were significantly higher than those in controls (P < 0.05). In contrast, we did not observe a significant difference for other NMS between ET patients and controls, including olfactory function (P = 0.82), depression (P = 0.94), and rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD) (P = 0.71). Conclusions: The prevalence of ET in people≥50 years old in a rural area of Shanghai China is low. Prevalence of certain NMSs was higher among participants with ET relative to health controls.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · Parkinsonism & Related Disorders
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    ABSTRACT: Epidermal growth factor (EGF) is a neurotrophic factor that plays an important role in Parkinson's disease (PD). We measured plasma EGF level in PD, essential tremor (ET) and normal controls to investigate whether it changes in PD and whether it is associated with motor and non-motor symptoms of PD. 100 patients with PD, 40 patients with ET as disease control and 76 healthy persons were enrolled in the present study. Motor and non-motor symptoms were assessed by different scales. Plasma EGF levels of three groups were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. Spearman test and linear logistics regression model were used to test the correlation of EGF with motor and non-motor symptoms of PD. Plasma EGF level was significantly decreased in early PD patients compared with normal control, but not in advanced PD patients. Interestingly, plasma EGF level was significantly increased in advanced PD and total PD patients compared with ET patients, but not in early PD patients. In addition, plasma EGF level was correlated with UPDRS-III scores in PD. Also plasma EGF level was correlated with UPDRS-III scores and NMS scores in early PD. Our results suggested that plasma EGF decreased in the early stage of PD and increased later on in the PD disease course. Also, plasma EGF level was increased significantly in PD compared with ET patients and correlated with motor and non-motor symptoms in early PD.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2015 · Aging and Disease
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    ABSTRACT: LINGO2, a member of LRR gene family, has been linked with both Essential tremor (ET) and Parkinson's disease (PD). However, there is a lack of conclusive evidence regarding the etiologic role of LINGO2 genetic variants. We investigated the association of LINGO2 variants with ET and PD in two independent Asian countries. A total of 1,262 subjects comprising 499 controls, 436 PD patients, and 327 ET patients were included. Eight LINGO2 variants, including four single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and four coding variants, were initially analyzed in one Asian population. SNPs that showed positive association were then replicated in the second independent Asian population, and a pooled analysis was carried out. Out of the eight variants, two SNPs (rs7033345 and rs10812774) revealed significant or strong positive trend in the first Asian population, and these were analyzed in the second Asian population. In the pooled analysis, the CC genotype at rs7033345 had a higher risk of developing PD (OR = 1.67, 95% CI = 1.18, 2.35, p = 0.003) and ET (OR = 1.50, 95% CI = 1.02, 2.20, p = 0.04) under a recessive model. The C allele at rs10812774 increased the risk of ET (OR = 1.56 95% CI = 1.10, 2.22, p = 0.01) via a recessive model. The effect size and direction of trend were in the same direction in each of the two populations. Our study demonstrated for the first time that rs7033345 is associated with PD and ET and rs10812774 with ET among Asians, suggesting that LINGO2 might act as a susceptibility gene for both conditions.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2011 · Human Genetics

Publication Stats

22 Citations
11.87 Total Impact Points


  • 2015
    • Xin Hua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2011
    • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China