Xinrong Zhao

Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (3)9.08 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: What's already known about this topic? Confined placental mosaicism (CPM) is a known biological phenomenon that can lead to false positive non-invasive prenatal test results. The small number of false negative non-invasive prenatal test results reported to date are believed to be because of a low fetal DNA fraction in maternal plasma and/or placental mosaicism What does this study add? The degree and compartmentalization of placental mosaicism can potentially reduce the effective output of fetal DNA into the maternal circulation to steady state levels below the detection limit of non-invasive prenatal testing, leading to a false negative result
    No preview · Article · Dec 2013 · Prenatal Diagnosis
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    ABSTRACT: Although many techniques can be used to generate multitype-induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells from multitype seed cells, improving the efficiency and shortening the period of cell reprogramming remain troublesome issues. In this study, to generate iPS cells, CD34⁺ cells, isolated from human amniotic fluid cells (HuAFCs) by flow cytometry, were infected with retroviruses carrying only one reprogramming factor (Oct4) and cultured on human amniotic epithelial cell (HuAEC) feeder layers. Approximately 4 to 5 days after viral infection, some embryonic stem cell (ESC)-like colonies appeared among the feeder cells. These colonies were positive for alkaline phosphatase and expressed high levels of ESC pluripotent markers (Nanog, Sox2, Oct4, CD133, and Rex1). Moreover, these iPS cells exhibited high levels of telomerase activity and had normal karyotypes. Additionally, these cells could differentiate into cell types from all 3 germ layers in vivo and in teratomas. In summary, we report a novel way of iPS generation that uses CD34⁺ HuAFCs as seed cells. Using this method, we can generate human iPS cells with greater efficiency and safety (the oncogenic factors, c-Myc and Klf4, were not used), and using the minimum number of reprogramming factors (only one factor, Oct4). Besides, HuAECs were used as feeder layers to culture human iPS cells, which could not only avoid contamination with heterogeneous proteins, but also maintain iPS cells in a self-renewing and undifferentiated state for a long time.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2012 · Stem cells and development
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    ABSTRACT: Angiotensin II is critical in pre-eclampsia pathogenesis. In addition, microRNA-155 regulates angiotensin II type 1 receptor expression. We have explored the function of microRNA-155 in pre-eclamptic pregnant women. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were isolated and cultured from healthy puerperant women and pre-eclampsia patients. The cells were transfected with a mature microRNA-155 plasmid. The effect of microRNA-155 was assessed by Northern blotting, in situ hybridization, quantitative real-time PCR, immunofluorescent staining and Western blotting. In addition, activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 was assessed by co-immunoprecipitation and Western blotting. Severely pre-eclamptic pregnant women expressed less mature miR-155 compared to healthy pregnant women. In addition, angiotensin II type 1 receptor expression decreased substantially in healthy cells and miR-155-transfected cells compared to miR-155-mutant-transfected cells and cells from pre-eclamptic patients. Mature miR-155 reduced angiotensin II-induced extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 activation. In conclusion, endogenous mature miR-155 expression may be an important contributor to the pathogenesis of severe pre-eclampsia.
    Preview · Article · Mar 2011 · International Journal of Molecular Medicine