[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose
. This study aims to compare the accuracy of intraocular lens power calculation formulas in eyes with long axial lengths from Chinese patients subjected to cataract surgery.
. A total of 148 eyes with an axial length of >26 mm from 148 patients who underwent phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation were included. The Haigis, Hoffer Q, Holladay 1, and SRK/T formulas were used to calculate the refractive power of the intraocular lenses and the postoperative estimated power.
. Overall, the Haigis formula achieved the lowest level of median absolute error 1.025 D (
for Haigis versus each of the other formulas), followed by SRK/T formula (1.040 D). All formulas were least accurate when eyes were with axial length of >33 mm, and median absolute errors were significantly higher for those eyes than eyes with axial length = 26.01–30.00 mm. Absolute error was correlated with axial length for the SRK/T (
) and Hoffer Q (
) formulas. For axial lengths > 33 mm, eyes exhibited a postoperative hyperopic refractive error.
. The Haigis and SRK/T formulas may be more suitable for calculating intraocular lens power for eyes with axial lengths ranging from 26 to 33 mm. And for axial length over 33 mm, the Haigis formula could be more accurate.
Preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of Ophthalmology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose:
To assess the cost-effectiveness of cataract surgery in advanced glaucoma (AG) patients.
Materials and methods:
A total of 93 patients with AG who underwent cataract surgeries were collected prospectively from June 2010 through June 2013 in Shanghai First People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, and were followed up for at least 3 months. A standard phacoemulsification technique was used to remove cataract(s). No complications occurred intraoperatively or postoperatively. Costs associated with surgery were recorded. Utility values of cataract surgery were obtained by using time trade-off method. Quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) were calculated using the patients' life expectancy at a 3% discounted rate. Incremental cost-utility analysis was performed (compared with no treatment) by calculating the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER), that is, the mean incremental cost for each QALY. The bootstrap method was used for statistical analysis, and sensitivity analyses were performed to test robustness of the results.
The mean incremental cost of cataract surgery was 9876 Chinese yuan (CNY) [1593 US dollar (USD)] [95% confidence interval (CI), 9144-10,570 CNY (1475-1705 USD)].The mean additional QALYs gained were 2.20 (95% CI, 1.85-2.54), and the incremental cost for each additional QALY was 4508 CNY (727 USD) [95% CI, 3890-5234 CNY (627-844 USD)], far lower than the per capita annual disposable income in Shanghai, 40,188 CNY (6482 USD).
For AG patients, cataract surgery does help obtain more QALYs and was highly cost effective.
No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Journal of glaucoma
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To demonstrate longitudinal postoperative vision-related quality of life and visual acuity changes after cataract surgery in advanced glaucoma patients.
In total, 93 patients who underwent cataract surgeries were collected from June 2010 through June 2013 in Shanghai First People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, and were followed up for at least 3 months. Patients with advanced glaucoma, here defined as near total cupping of the optic nerve with severe visual field loss within 10 degrees of fixation, were enrolled. A standard phacoemulsification technique with the insertion of an intraocular lens was used. No complications occurred intraoperatively or postoperatively. Preoperative and 3-month postoperative vision-related quality of life were assessed in face-to-face interviews. The Chinese-version of the Low Vision Quality of Life Questionnaire (CLVQOL) was used. Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to compare the differences in the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), weighted average LogMAR (WMAR), and CLVQOL scores. A binary logistic regression analysis was conducted to explore the potential factors associated with the change in CLVQOL scores.
The overall changes in the CLVQOL composite scores ranged between 4 and 42 (median=19). Statistically significant increases occurred in the composite scores of all of the subscales, the total CLVQOL, the BCVA in the surgery eye, and the WMAR (all P<0.001). Greater increases in the CLVQOL composite scores was associated with superior preoperative WMAR (odds ratio: 9.920, P<0.05), and age below 60 years (odds ratio: 9.905, P<0.05).
Cataract surgery should be recommended for advanced glaucoma patients with stable intraocular pressure.
No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Journal of glaucoma
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Rhegmatenous retinal detachment (RRD) is one of the most serious complications after phacoemulsification combined with intraocular lens implantation surgery. It has been reported that vision-related quality of life (VRQoL), as well as visual acuity rapidly decreased when RRD developed. However, little is known of the VRQoL in those RRD patients after anatomical retinal re-attachment, especially whether or not the VRQoL is higher than that before cataract surgery. In this prospective case series study, we use the Chinese-version low vision quality of life questionnaire (CLVQOL) to assess the changes of VRQoL in age-related cataract patients who suffered from RRD after phacoemulsification with intraocular lens (phaco-IOL) implantation. All participants were asked to complete questionnaires in face- to-face interviews one day before and two weeks after cataract surgery, as well as one day before and three months after RRD surgery. A total of 10,127 consecutive age-related cataract patients were followed up to one year after phaco-IOL implantation; among these patients, 17 were diagnosed as RRD. The total CLVQOL scores and subscale scores except "Mobility" decreased significantly when RRD developed. After retinal surgery, only the score of "General vision and lighting" in the CLVQOL questionnaires improved when compared to the scores two weeks after cataract surgery, although the best corrected visual acuity of all patients significantly raised up. However, the mean CLVQOL scores and subscale scores were still considerably higher than the level prior to cataract surgery. Our study suggests that cataract patients at high risk of postoperative RRD should not deny the opportunity to undergo phaco-IOL implantation, even though potential VRQoL impairment induced by RRD exists.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Methods:
Data sources, including PubMed, Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, were used to identify potentially relevant randomized controlled trials. Eight qualified studies incorporating 1,242 eyes of 621 patients were analyzed using Rev- Manager version 5.2 software (The Cochrane Collaboration, Oxford, England). The primary measures included uncorrected distance, intermediate, and near visual acuity. Reading ability, spectacle independence, and occurrence of photic phenomena were also addressed.
The refractive MIOL group exhibited better uncorrected distance visual acuity than the diffractive MIOL group (weighted mean difference [WMD] = -0.04, 95% confidence interval [CI]: -0.06 to -0.02, P < .01). However, the diffractive MIOL group performed better than the refractive MIOL group in uncorrected near visual acuity, reading acuity, reading speed, smallest print size, spectacle independence, halo, and glare rate (WMD = 0.13, 95% CI: 0.10 to 0.17, P < .01; WMD = 0.14, 95% CI: 0.08 to 0.19, P < .01; WMD = -24.14, 95% CI: -43.56 to -4.72, P = .01; WMD = 0.56, 95% CI: 0.43 to 0.69, P < .01; WMD = 0.56, 95% CI: 0.45 to 0.70, P < .01; WMD = 1.50, 95% CI: 1.16 to 1.93, P = .002; WMD = 1.39, 95% CI: 1.10 to 1.75, P = .006, respectively). There was no significant difference between the two groups in uncorrected intermediate visual acuity (WMD = -0.04, 95% CI: -0.09 to 0.00, P = .05).
Refractive MIOLs can provide better distance vision, whereas diffractive MIOLs provide better near vision, reading ability, and equivalent intermediate vision, reduce unwanted photic phenomena, and allow greater spectacle independence.
No preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Journal of refractive surgery (Thorofare, N.J.: 1995)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Subjective functional outcomes measurements, such as vision health-related quality of life (VRQoL) and self-rated satisfaction measures can provide helpful multidimensional vision health information that is more comprehensive than traditional objective measures, such as best corrected visual acuity (BCVA). The purpose of this study is to demonstrate 3-year longitudinal postoperative VRQoL and self-rated satisfaction changes after rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) surgery.
A prospective case series report was conducted in 92 RRD patients who underwent surgery during January 2004 through December 2006. Preoperative, 3-month, 1-year and 3-year postoperative patient VRQoL and self-rated satisfaction were assessed by face-to-face interviews. The importance of objective variables for predicting three dependent variables: CLVQOL composite scores change, 3-year postoperative CVLQOL composite score and self-rated satisfaction degree scores were calculated by stepwise multivariate linear or logistic regression analysis methods.
The total CLVQOL composite scores change ranged between -48 and 90 (mean±standard deviation: 19.48±31.34), including positive changes in 62 patients. The self-rated satisfaction degree scores ultimately improved in 86 patients as compared with preoperative degrees. Statistically significant increases occurred only in the composite scores of subscale mobility and self-rated satisfaction degrees in the first 3 months, while the composite scores of the remaining subscales, and the total CLVQOL, BCVA in the RRD eye and weighted average BCVA, increased steadily throughout the first postoperative year. A better 3-year postoperative weighted average BCVA was associated with all of the 3 dependent outcome variables.
VRQoL of RRD patients improved substantially after surgery and they were satisfied with their postoperative vision. The BCVA, VRQoL and self-rated satisfactory degree scores recovered in different patterns, and supplemented each other in the RRD surgery outcomes evaluated. Surgeons are advised to pay closer attention to binocular vision in RRD patients, and make efforts to explain the results of surgery.