Vishal J. Verma

The Brooklyn Hospital Center, New York, New York, United States

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Publications (3)4.73 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis is a rare interstitial lung disease characteristically affecting middle-aged smokers. It has unpredictable clinical course and may be associated with malignant neoplasms. Opportunistic lung infections are frequently considered when patients with Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection present with respiratory symptoms and an abnormal chest X-ray. Though fiberoptic bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage is diagnostic for infectious etiologies, surgical lung biopsies are preferred to diagnose noninfectious lung diseases and to help guide appropriate therapy. In the present study, we report a case of progressive bilateral lung infiltrates in a smoker with HIV infection which presented a diagnostic dilemma in view of coexistent HIV infection. Analysis of clinical symptomatology aided by surgical lung biopsy helped in diagnosis.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2011 · Lung India
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    ABSTRACT: Routine chest X-rays are the most widely obtained radiological studies during hospital admissions. In this study, we evaluated the utility of routine admission chest X-rays on patient care in patients admitted to The Brooklyn Hospital center. We included consecutive patients admitted to the medical floors during a 4-month period who had a chest X-ray done on admission. The medical records of patients who had chest X-ray on admission were reviewed to identify any impact of chest X-ray on patient care during the course of hospitalization. Chest X-ray was noted to be done in 229 patients on admission. Chest X-rays of 100 (43.6%) patients were deemed medically necessary because of the presenting complaints which included cough (15.2%), fever (13.1%), dyspnea (6.1%), hemoptysis (1.7%), and combined symptoms (7.4%). Routine chest X-rays were done in 129 (56.3%) patients to rule out occult findings in the absence of any symptoms. Chest X-ray abnormalities were noted in 56 of 129 (43.4%) patients. In 51 of 56 patients, abnormalities were chronic, stable and previously known and did not contribute to patient care. In only 5 of 129 (3.87%) patients, there were findings which necessitated a change in patient care. We conclude that routine chest films rarely reveal clinically unsuspected findings. The overall impact on patient care based on these findings is small when compared to the risks associated with repeated exposure to radiation. We recommend that routine chest X-ray films should not be ordered solely because of hospital admission.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2011 · European Journal of Internal Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas (NHL) usually arise from lymphoid or nodal tissue and can occasionally involve other sites. Extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALToma) are uncommon comprising around 8% of all NHLs. Most MALTomas are of gastric origin and involvement of lung is rare. Primary pulmonary lymphoma (PPL) is defined as clonal lymphoid proliferation which can affect one or both lungs and /or bronchi, with no extra pulmonary involvement at diagnosis and within subsequent 3 months [1, 2]. Majority of PPLs (58-87%) are low grade MALTomas and rest include Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL) and other high-grade lymphomas (11-19%) [3, 4]. Patients with immunodeficiency states are predisposed to NHL. NHL developing in HIV-positive patients is predominantly high grade lymphoma but a 14-fold relative risk for low-grade NHL has also been reported [1]. PPL has usually an indolent course and can cause diagnostic dilemmas due to nonspecific clinical and radiological presentations. We hereby report a case of this rare MALToma which suggested diagnosis of AIDS. We further discuss the clinical, radiological and pathological findings which can assist in diagnosis of this potentially curable rare disorder.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2011 · Respiratory care