[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide receptor (GIPR) has been implicated with neuroplasticity and may be related to epilepsy. GIPR expression was analyzed by immunohistochemistry in the hippocampus (HIP) and neocortex (Cx) of rats undergoing pilocarpine induced status epilepticus (Pilo-SE), and in three young male patients with left mesial temporal lobe epilepsy related to hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS) treated surgically. A combined GIPR immunohistochemistry and Fluoro-Jade staining was carried out to investigate the association between the GIPR expression and neuronal degeneration induced by Pilo-SE. GIPR was expressed in the cytoplasm of neurons from the HIP CA subfields, dentate gyrus (DG) and Cx of animals and human samples. The GIPR expression after the Pilo-SE induction increases significantly in the HIP after 1h and 5 days, but not after 12h or 50 days. In the Cx, the GIPR expression increases after 1h, 12h and 5 days, but not 50 days after the Pilo-SE. The expression of GIPR 12h after Pilo-SE was inversely proportional to the Fluoro-Jade staining intensity. In the human tissue, GIPR expression patterns were similar to those observed in chronic Pilo-SE animals. No Fluoro-Jade stained cells were observed in the human sample. GIPR is expressed in human HIP and Cx. There was a time and region dependent increase of GIPR expression in the HIP and Cx after Pilo-SE that was inversely associated to neuronal degeneration.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The age-specific incidence of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is bimodal with peaks occurring among young adults (15 - 34 years old) and people older than 45 years. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is associated with only one-third of HL cases. This study sought to determine if Torque teno virus (TTV) might be independently associated with HL. The presence of EBV was appraised by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry in lymph node biopsies from 46 patients (3 - 81 years old) with HL. TTV DNA was assessed by PCR amplification. EBV was detected in 22 (48%) patients. TTV DNA was detected in 24/46 (52%) patients, as well as in 12/20 (60%) control patients with lymphoid unspecific hyperplasia. TTV DNA was not significantly more frequent in EBV negative (54%) than in EBV positive (50%) nodes. However, it was observed that the group of young adults (15 - 34 years, n = 19) showed the lowest EBV frequency (21%) but the highest TTV occurrence (60%). This may suggest an involvement of TTV infection in the pathogenesis of HL in young adults. Further large population-based studies are required to confirm our findings.
No preview · Article · May 2007 · Leukemia and Lymphoma