[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective
To determine the incidence of regional lymph node involvement for early-stage endometrial cancer by using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registry.
In a retrospective study, data were analyzed from patients who were diagnosed with stage IA–IIB endometrioid adenocarcinoma and were treated between 1998 and 2003. The incidence of pelvic and para-aortic lymph node involvement was determined.
Data were analyzed from 4052 patients. Incidences of pelvic and para-aortic lymph node metastases were: 1% and 0% in stage IA, grade 1 disease; 2% and 0% in IA, grade 2; 2% and 1% in IA, grade 3; 2% and 0% in IB, grade 1; 3% and 1% in IB, grade 2; 3% and 2% in IB, grade 3; 7% and 3% in IC, grade 1; 8% and 5% in IC, grade 2; 12% and 8% in IC, grade 3; 7% and 3% in IIA, grade 1; 10% and 4% in IIA, grade 2; 10% and 5% in IIA, grade 3; 8% and 4% in IIB, grade 1; 13% and 8% in IIB, grade 2; and 19% and 12% in IIB, grade 3.
Incidences of pelvic and para-aortic metastases were lower than previously reported. Patients at higher stages and grades had a 10% or higher risk of lymph node involvement and might benefit from aggressive therapy.
Full-text · Article · Dec 2014 · International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There are little data on the outcomes and tolerance, as well as the impact on the CD4 counts, of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients with prostate cancer who undergo high-dose external beam radiotherapy.
We identified 15 HIV-positive patients with prostate cancer who were treated with external beam radiation to a dose ≥ 75.6 Gy at the New York Harbor Department of Veterans Affairs between 2003 and 2010. Kaplan-Meier analyses were used to measure biochemical control outcomes. Toxicity and CD4 counts before, after, and during treatments were analyzed.
A total of 15 patients were identified, with a median follow-up period of 49 months. There were 2 biochemical failures, which occurred at 28 months and 63 months, respectively. In neither of these 2 patients was there evidence of metastatic disease. The overall 5-year biochemical control was 92.3%. There appeared to be a consistent decline in the CD4 counts both during and immediately after the radiation treatments. Most of these patients had a subsequent improvement in their CD4 counts. Toxicity was mild overall, though there was 1 patient who developed rectal bleeding 11 months post treatment, which required argon plasma coagulation.
Dose-escalated external beam radiation is well tolerated in HIV-positive patients with durable biochemical control and mild toxicity. A substantial decline in CD4 counts is associated with the radiation; therefore, these counts need to be monitored closely, in conjunction with the infectious-disease specialist.
No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To report the impact of computerized tomography (CT) based radiotherapy (RT) on heterotopic ossification (HO) outcomes.
This is a single institution, retrospective study of 532 patients who were treated for traumatic acetabular fractures (TAF). All patients underwent open-reduction internal-fixation (ORIF) of the TAF followed by RT for HO prophylaxis. Postoperative RT was delivered within 72hours, in a single fraction of 7Gy. The patients were divided into 2 groups based on RT planning: CT (A) vs. clinical setup (B).
At a median follow up of 8years the incidence of HO was 21.6%. Multivariate regression analysis revealed that group (A) vs. (B) had HO incidence of 6.6% vs. 24.6% (p<0.001), respectively. Furthermore, HO Brooker grade ≥3 was observed in 2.2% vs. 10.8% (P=0.007) in group (A) vs. (B), respectively. Thus, the odds of developing HO and Brooker grades ≥3 were are 4.7 and 4.5 times higher, respectively, in patients who underwent clinical setup.
Our data suggest that using CT based RT allowed more accurate delineation of the tissues and better clinical outcomes. Although CT-based RT is associated with additional cost the efficacy of CT-based RT reduces the risk of HO, thereby decreasing the need for additional surgical interventions.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Patients undergoing sublobar resection for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer may receive adjuvant radiation therapy in an effort to improve outcomes despite limited data regarding its efficacy.
Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End-Results (SEER) registry we identified patients diagnosed with stage I non-small cell lung cancer between 1988 and 2003 who were definitively treated with sublobar surgical resection with or without adjuvant external beam radiation therapy. Kaplan-Meier, Cox regression, and propensity-score-matched survival analyses were performed to evaluate the effect of adjuvant external beam radiation therapy on survival.
A total of 5,908 eligible cases were identified: 493 received external beam radiation therapy and 5,415 received no additional local-regional treatment. The use of external beam radiation therapy was associated with significantly worse median overall and disease-specific survival compared with no additional local-regional therapy: 31 and 45 months vs 51 and 98 months, respectively (P < .001). On multivariate analysis, the most significant predictor of death was the use of adjuvant radiation therapy (hazard ratio 1.505; 95% CI, 1.318-1.717; P < .001). The survival detriment associated with external beam radiation therapy remained after propensity-score-matched analysis.
The use of adjuvant external beam radiation therapy is associated with a significant decrease in overall and disease-specific survival for patients with T1-2N0M0 non-small cell lung cancer treated with sublobar resection. Although this finding may be related to covariables not reported in SEER, such as margin status, chemotherapy use, radiation dose, and portal, alternative radiation treatment strategies should be explored.