Taibo Chen

Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (7)15.5 Total impact

  • No preview · Article · Jul 2013 · International journal of cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate whether the amplitude of fibrillatory wave (F wave) on electrocardiography could predict the recurrence in persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) patients who underwent catheter ablation. All consecutive persistent AF patients who underwent catheter ablation at Peking Union Medical College Hospital between November 2006 and February 2012, were enrolled. The amplitude of F wave was measured on three orthogonal leads (leads I, V1 and aVF) on the Prucka CardioLab recording system. The primary end point was the recurrence after catheter ablation. A total of 54 persistent AF patients were enrolled. Fifty patients (age: 58 ± 11years, 72% male) constituted the study population after excluding four patients lost of follow-up. The duration of AF was 9 ± 7 (2-18) months. Twenty-four patients (48%) recurred during the follow-up of 25 ± 19 months, constituted recurrence group. The remaining 26 patients constituted control group. The F-wave amplitude in recurrence group was significantly lower than control group (lead aVF, 0.085 ± 0.018 vs. 0.111 ± 0.036mV, P = 0.002; lead V1 , 0.116 ± 0.031 vs. 0.148 ± 0.047mV, P = 0.008). The amplitudes of leads aVF (P = 0.023) and V1 (P = 0.031) were the independent predictors of AF recurrence. The sensitivity and specificity of F-wave amplitude of lead aVF < 0.093mV or V1 < 0.123mV to predict the recurrence were 75% and 73%, 68% and 64%, respectively. The low amplitudes of F wave in leads aVF and V1 could predict the recurrence of patients with persistent AF who underwent catheter ablation.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2013 · Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
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    ABSTRACT: Background: To distinguish left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) from right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) origin in idiopathic premature ventricular contractions or ventricular tachycardia (PVCs/VT) patients with transitional lead at V3 is still a challenge. We sought to develop a new electrocardiography (ECG) algorithm for distinguishing LVOT from RVOT origin in patients with idiopathic outflow tract PVCs/VT with precordial transitional lead at V3. Methods: We analyzed the surface ECG characteristics in a retrospective cohort of idiopathic PVCs/VT patients with transitional lead at V3 who underwent successful radiofrequency catheter ablation and developed a new surface ECG algorithm, then validated it in a prospective cohort. Results: A total of 82 consecutive patients (47 ± 17 years, 39% male) underwent radiofrequency catheter ablation of idiopathic outflow tract PVCs/VT between January 2006 and August 2010. Among them, 31 patients (38%) with transitional lead at V3 constituted the retrospective cohort. Based on the areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves, R-wave deflection interval in lead V3>80 ms and R-wave amplitude index in lead V1>0.30 were selected to develop the new surface ECG algorithm. It correctly identified the origin sites of eleven from 12 patients in the prospective cohort, yielding the accuracy of 91.7%. Conclusions: We presented a new simple surface ECG algorithm, R-wave deflection interval in lead V3>80 ms combining with R-wave amplitude index in lead V1>0.30 which can reliably distinguish LVOT from RVOT origin in idiopathic outflow tract PVCs/VT in patients with transitional lead at V3.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2012 · International journal of cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: Congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS) is the most common inherited arrhythmia, fatal arrhythmias are the main causes of sudden death, and often induced by the premature ventricular contractions (PVCs). Ablation of the triggering PVCs may eliminate the fatal arrhythmias and prevent the sudden death in patients with LQTS. We report a 19-year-old boy diagnosed with type 3 LQTS, frequent fatal arrhythmias induced by PVCs with the identical QRS morphology. Successful ablation of the triggering PVCs was done and a single-chamber implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) was implanted. There was no fatal arrhythmia events recorded by ICD during 29-month follow-up. Catheter ablation was the effective method to eliminate the fatal arrhythmias through ablation of the triggering PVCs in the present LQT3 patient.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2012 · Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
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    ABSTRACT: Most Chinese cardiologists are challenged by the high mortality rate of heart failure (HF) in patients with reduced ejection fraction in China. This study was designed as a single-center, retrospective study. All consecutive HF patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 45% from January 1, 2007, to December 31, 2009, were enrolled. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. The secondary outcome was all-cause mortality or the first cardiovascular readmission event. A total of 187 patients comprised the study population, classified into two groups: LVEF ≤ 35% (n=83) and LVEF 36% to 45% (n=104). The median follow-up was 18 months (2-41 months). All-cause mortality was 27% among patients with LVEF ≤ 35%, as compared with 14% among those with LVEF 36% to 45% (P=.025). All-cause mortality or first cardiovascular readmission rates were 53% and 32% among patients with LVEF ≤ 35% and 36% to 45% (P=.003), respectively. The predictors of all-cause mortality were advanced age and New York Heart Association functional class, chronic kidney disease, oral β-blockers, and statins at discharge. The prognosis of chronic HF patients with LVEF ≤ 45% was poor in China, especially for patients with LVEF ≤ 35%. Cardiologists should provide further efforts to improve the prognosis of HF in Chinese patients.
    Preview · Article · May 2012 · Congestive Heart Failure

  • No preview · Article · Jul 2011 · International journal of cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: Primary cardiac amyloidosis (CA) is associated with poor prognosis. However, the noninvasive diagnostic tools are limited. The aim of the study is to assess the utility of combined indexes of electrocardiography (ECG) and echocardiography (ECHO) in the diagnosis of primary CA. A total of 20 consecutive patients (7 men, mean age 50 ± 12 years) referred for endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) were included. Eleven of these patients (55%) confirmed primary CA, the rest of 9 patients were EMB negative and used for the control. The voltage of S(V1) + R(V6) < 1.2 mV has a sensitivity of 91% and specificity of 89% for the identification of primary CA, yields the positive and negative predictive values of 91% and 89%, respectively. Among ECHO parameters, there were no significant differences between the 2 groups, except for left ventricular ejection fraction (47 ± 12% in primary CA vs 67 ± 11% in the control, P < 0.001). However, the combined indexes of ECG and ECHO parameters, including the ratio of R(I) /LVPW as well as R(V5) /LVPW and R(V6) /LVPW, were significantly lower in the patients with primary CA than the control. The ratio of R(I) /LVPW < 0.4 has the sensitivity of 91% and specificity of 100%, yields the positive and negative predictive values of 100% and 91%, respectively. The ratios of R(V5(6)) /LVPW < 0.7 have the sensitivity of 91% and specificity of 89%, yield the positive and negative predictive values of 91% and 89%, respectively. Patients with clinically suspected primary CA, combined indexes of ECGs and ECHOs could be used as the noninvasive diagnostic tools.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology