[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Retroperitoneal abscesses are uncommonly encountered clinical entities and they represent serious surgical infections associated with significant mortality rates because of their insidious clinical manifestations and diagnostic difficulty. The source of retroperitoneal infections is usually an organ contained within or abutting the retroperitoneum, usually the kidney and the microorganisms most commonly isolated are gram-negative bacilli. Gram-positive cocci, mainly staphylococcal species and rarely streptococcal species, are a less common cause of retroperitoneal abscess and are usually isolated in cases of hematogenous spread. Treatment of retroperitoneal abscesses includes identification and treatment of underlying conditions, intravenous antibiotics and adequate surgical drainage of all well-defined collections. We present a rare case of retroperitoneal abscess caused by monomicrobial Streprococcus mutans infection and discuss the possible pathogenesis, clinical presentation, diagnosis and treatment.
No preview · Article · Mar 2011 · Advances in Medical Sciences
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Myeloid sarcoma, which is highly associated with acute myeloid leukemia, is defined as an extramedullary discrete tumor mass, consisted by immature myeloid cells or myeloblasts. Myeloid sarcoma usually involves the skin, lymph node, bone, soft tissue and testis, while involvement of the gastrointestinal tract is rather uncommon. The diagnosis depends on histological features and immunohistochemical results. We present a rare case of myeloid sarcoma, with synchronous involvement of the jejunum and the greater omentum, manifesting with small bowel obstruction.
No preview · Article · Nov 2008 · Acta gastro-enterologica Belgica