[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: Current data indicate that the rate of trauma in children during gymnastic formation is increasing, especially while creating a structure with a certain height, such as the human pyramid. The goal of the present study was to clarify the clinical characteristics of these injuries. Methods: In this single-institution review, all children treated for a gymnastic formation-related injury at Nippon Medical School Hospital from 2013 through 2015 were identified through the institution's registry. The injury mechanism was classified, and injury severity, interventions, and outcome were examined. Results: Eight children were treated for a gymnastic formation-related injury. They were 7 boys and 1 girl aged 10 to 15 years (mean age, 13.1±1.8 years). Neurotrauma ranging from concussion to spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality occurred in 6 patients (75%). No intracranial hemorrhagic lesions were detected. The Glasgow Coma Scale score on arrival was 15 in all 8 patients, and neurological deficits were present in 1 patient. No patient required surgical intervention. All patients made a full recovery after discharge from the hospital. No patients died. The average follow-up period was 2.1±0.9 weeks. Conclusions: Neurotrauma is a frequent result of gymnastic formation accidents in children. Healthcare workers and teachers should recognize this type of injury, and public education that targets parents should be introduced.
Preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Journal of Nippon Medical School
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Plaque disruption, which may be associated with some coronary risk factors, plays a key role in the development of acute coronary syndromes and progression of atherosclerosis. However, the clinical profile of asymptomatic plaque disruption in stable ischemic heart disease has not been well evaluated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the frequency and determinants of silent plaque disruption (SPD) in patients with stable ischemic heart disease using coronary angioscopy. Forty-one patients with stable angina or old myocardial infarction (OMI) without any complaints within 3 months were included in the present study. Angioscopy was successfully performed through 49 nonischemic related coronary arteries. The presence of SPD and coronary risk factors were recorded. Silent plaque disruption was found in 12 patients with stable ischemic heart disease (12/41, 29.3%), and the frequency of SPD in nonischemic related coronary arteries was 26.5% (13/49). A significantly higher frequency of SPD was noted in yellow plaques than in white plaques (35.3% versus 6.7%, P = 0.043). Overall, the independent clinical risk factors of SPD in nonischemic related coronary arteries were diabetes mellitus (P = 0.018; OR, 18.8209; 95% CI, 1.6525 to 214.3523) and hypertension (P = 0.0313; OR, 6.6485; 95% CI, 1.1850 to 37.3019). These results suggest silent plaque disruption was commonly observed in nonischemic related coronary arteries in patients with stable ischemic heart disease and its determinants were diabetes mellitus and hypertension.
No preview · Article · Nov 2010 · International Heart Journal