[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the present work was to determine the human leukocyte (HLA) haplotype in 64 Sardinian patients affected with celiac disease, using a rapid and easy to apply sampling method that permits samples from blood drawing to be stored more easily. Numerous studies have demonstrated how the HLA system plays a very important role in immune system regulation, determining a link between this gene and a high number of pathologies including celiac disease. In fact a genetic susceptibility exists in celiac sprue, linked to HLA-DQB1*0201 and -DQB1*0302 genes which represent sierologic groups -DQ2 and -DQ8 whose early identification could be fundamental in obtaining a diagnosis of celiac disease.
To realize this study a collecting method of samples was developed through the brushing of oral mucosa, which is extremely less traumatic than the classic sampling method using blood drawing, and which also allows a long conservation period before sample analysis. Samples were later analyzed with Van Embden's DNA extraction method to extract the patient's DNA, on which we executed the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). To obtain the HLA haplotype from each patient we used 8 specific primers that amplified the HLA-DQB1 allele in low-resolution.
Out of the 64 patients we found 26 HLA-DQB1*02 homozygotes, 28 HLA-DQB1*02 heterozygotes and 10 negative samples for the HLA-DQB1*02 allele, thus confirming what had emerged from previous blood draws.
These results show how the method we developed using oral brushing is a sure method to obtain samples for determining the HLA haplotype in extra-hospital areas. This could allow the use of this method to obtain early diagnosis for chronic pathologies linked to the HLA groups and for recognizing this genotype in extensive population studies.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) seem to play an important role in the pathogenesis of gynecological carcinomas and in head and neck carcinomas. The aim of this study was to detect and genotype HPVs in fresh oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) from a Sardinian population, and to determine whether HPV presence was significantly associated with the development of OSCC.
The oral mucosa tissues were obtained from 120 samples (68 OSCC and 52 control samples) taken from a Sardinian population seen at the Dental Clinic of the Department of Surgery and Odontostomatological Sciences, University of Cagliari (Italy) and the “ Ospedale SS Trinità”, Cagliari (A.S.L. 8) between 2007 and 2008. PCR was used for the detection of HPV DNA and the genotype was determined by DNA sequencing. The frequency of HPV infection was evaluated in relation to age, sex, smoking and alcohol use. Statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS 11.5 software.
The results showed the presence of HPV-DNA in 60.3% of OSCC with HPV-16 (51.2%) being the most frequent genotype. In these Sardinian OSCC patients, HPV-DNA was detected more in males (65.8%) than in females (34.1%) while controls show a 0% of HPV presence. HPV positive was highly associated with OSCC among subjects with a history of heavy tobacco and alcohol use and among those with no such history.
A greater frequency of high risk HPV presence was observed in patients with OSCC compared to health control patients. In addition these results suggested that oral HPV presence could be associated in OSCC subjects. Our results need more analyses to detect the HPV-DNA integration into tumoral cells.
Full-text · Article · Jul 2010 · The Open Virology Journal