Ryosuke Hosokai

Niigata University, Niahi-niigata, Niigata, Japan

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Publications (3)4.82 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Secondary rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) after treatment of osteosarcoma (OS) is rare. Reported here is the case of a metachronous RMS in the nasal cavity, developing 12 years after successful treatment of non-metastatic OS. The patient was diagnosed as having OS of the femur at 2 years of age. Chemotherapy for OS included doxorubicin (cumulative dose, 488 mg/m(2) ). No radiotherapy was given. There was no family history suggestive of cancer predisposition syndrome. At 14 years of age, alveolar RMS was diagnosed on histopathology. PAX3-FKHR fusion transcripts were detected on reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Germline TP53 mutation was not seen on standard DNA sequencing. The occurrence of secondary sarcomas, in the Children's Cancer Survivor study conducted in North America, has been associated with high cumulative doses of anthracyclines, which may also have played a role in the development of RMS in the present case. In the future, novel molecular technologies might uncover genetic cancer predisposition in patients with metachronous cancers.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2013 · Pediatrics International
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    ABSTRACT: Nuclear factor-κB essential modulator (NEMO) deficiency is a developmental and immunological disorder. The genetic and phenotypic correlation has been described. We report a unique clinical presentation and the identification of a novel missense mutation in the NEMO gene in a 3-year-old boy with bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) infection. The patient presented with fever, cervical lymphadenopathy, and abnormal anti-Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) antibody titers, suggestive of EBV-related diseases including chronic active EBV infection, X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome, or nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Although the biopsy specimen from a nasopharyngeal lesion was initially diagnosed as squamous cell carcinoma, this was changed to disseminated BCG infection involving the nasopharynx, multiple systemic lymph nodes, and brain. A novel mutation (designated D311E) in the NEMO gene, located in the NEMO ubiquitin-binding (NUB) domain, was identified as the underlying cause of the immunodeficiency. Impaired immune responses which are characteristic of patients with NEMO deficiency were demonstrated. The patient underwent successful unrelated bone marrow transplantation at 4.9 years of age. This study suggests the importance of the NUB domain in host defense against mycobacteria. The unique presenting features in our patient indicate that a hypomorphic NEMO mutation can be associated with atypical pathological findings of the epithelial tissues in patients with BCG infection.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2011 · Journal of Clinical Immunology
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a 14-year-old boy who exhibited left palatine tonsillar enlargement after 6 cycles of aggressive chemotherapy for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the right palatine tonsil. The cervical computed tomography scan at 4 months after completion of chemotherapy revealed enlargement of the left palatine tonsil in addition to the thymus without any clinical symptoms. The F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography indicated focal areas of strong F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake in the left palatine tonsil. Histologic examination confirmed tonsillar hyperplasia with no evidence of recurrence. Reactive tonsillar hyperplasia after chemotherapy is rarely reported.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2011 · Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology