[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study examined the clinical profile of cluster headaches in Japan and the potential presence of features peculiar to Japan. Most previous studies of cluster headaches have focused on Caucasian populations.
Subjects comprised 86 consecutive new cluster headache patients (68 males, 18 females; mean age, 38.4 ± 12.2 years; range, 17-73 years). Mean age at onset was 31.0 years and the ratio of males to females was 3.8:1.
Chronic cluster headache was observed in 3.5% of patients. More than half of patients (68.9%) reported feelings of restlessness during headache episodes and 42.9% reported restless behaviour. Patients with uncoupling of feelings of restlessness and restless behaviour forced themselves to keep still. Similar findings were reported in a Taiwanese study.
Japanese patients in this study showed a relatively low prevalence of chronic cluster headaches, and uncoupling of a sense of restlessness and restless behaviour. These features of cluster headache may be more common in Japanese and Taiwanese patients than in Caucasian patients.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The first symptom of giant cell arteritis (GCA) is usually a headache. Japan has a low prevalence of GCA, and clinical features of this disorder have not been fully investigated. We conducted a retrospective evaluation of clinical features in patients with giant cell arteritis who visited a headache clinic in Japan.
Clinical and demographic data were obtained from clinical examinations, face-to-face interviews, and hospital records.
Subjects comprised 19 patients (9 men, 10 women).
Mean age at disease onset was 78.1 ± 4.8 years (range, 71-86 years). Seventeen of 19 patients (89.5%) had consulted other medical institutions before consulting our hospital, but only 2 of those patients had been diagnosed with GCA at these medical institutions. Manifestations at disease onset included headache (89.5%), ear pain (5.3%), and jaw pain (5.3%). Ocular manifestations were reported in 2 patients (10.5%). No loss of vision occurred. One patient showed trigeminal nerve palsy involving the third division of the nerve. Jaw claudication was observed in 3 patients (15.8%). Concomitant polymyalgia rheumatica was seen in 3 patients (15.8%). No patient showed upper respiratory tract symptoms, arm claudication, or aortic aneurysms.
Although most patients had consulted other medical institutions before consulting our hospital, they were not diagnosed with GCA at these institutions. Infrequent clinical findings of GCA and lack of symptoms other than headache may contribute to the high rate of unrecognized and misdiagnosed cases of GCA.
No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Internal Medicine