[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives:
Little is known about the dietary patterns among stroke patients in India. We explored the dietary patterns in stroke patients and attempted to correlate the dietary patterns with stroke characteristics.
This hospital-based study was carried out in a tertiary referral centre in Northwest India from March 2008 to September 2009. All first ever stroke (ischaemic and hemorrhagic) patients were interviewed by the dietician using an oral diet questionnaire. The demographic information and risk factors were noted and outcome was assessed after 30 days using modified Rankin scale (≤2 = good outcome).
A total of 210 stroke patients were enrolled. The mean age was 60 ± 14 years and 126 (60%) patients were men. Hypertension (167 (79.5%)) was the major risk factor. All patients consumed cereals and beverages. Consumption of other food items in the diet were as follows: milk and milk products (203 (96.7%)), saturated fats (butter, butter oil, cream) (133 (63.3%)), bakery items (139 (66.2%)), fried snacks (116 (55.2%)), fruits (96 (45.7%)), and juices (20 (9.5%)). Large proportion of the patients (112 (53.6%)) consumed more food calories than recommended. Use of fried snacks was significant in patients who consumed alcohol (P = 0.03) and patients who had diabetes mellitus were more likely to use saturated fats (P = 0.01).
Majority of the patients consumed milk and milk products. Fruits and juices were consumed by a small proportion of patients. Our results provide opportunities for stroke prevention by diet modification.
No preview · Article · Feb 2013 · Nutritional Neuroscience
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Little is known about the impact of premorbid undernutrition on stroke outcome in developing countries.
To study the impact of premorbid undernutrition status, measured by the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) tool, on short term stroke outcome.
First ever stroke patients admitted to six major hospitals in North and South India participated in this study from 1 March 2008 to 30 September 2009. The SGA tool was administered within 48 h of stroke onset, and 6 months premorbid nutritional status was rated as well nourished (A rating) and undernourished (B and C ratings) using this tool. Stroke outcome was assessed after 30 days using the modified Rankin scale (mRs), and a mRs score >3 was defined as a poor outcome. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS Statistics V.17.0.
Of 477 patients enrolled, 448 patients were included in the analyses. Mean age was 58.1±13.7 years (range 16-96) and 281 (62.7%) patients were men. At admission, premorbid undernutrition was found in 121 (27.2%) patients. Older age (OR 4.99, CI 1.26 to 19.64, p=0.021), hypertension (OR 1.99, CI 1.04 to 3.79, p=0.037) and patients from Andhra Pradesh State (OR 1.87, CI 1.05 to 3.32, p=0.032) were predictors of undernutrition in multiple logistic regression analysis. Premorbid undernutrition (OR 1.99, CI 1.20 to 3.31, p=0.007) and length of hospital stay (OR 3.41, CI 1.91 to 6.06, p<0.0001) were the independent predictors of poor outcome in the multiple logistic regression model.
High rates of premorbid undernutrition in stroke patients were found. Age, hypertension and patients from Andhra Pradesh State were predictors of premorbid undernutrition. Premorbid undernutrition was associated with poor stroke outcome. The results provide opportunities for primary prevention and improving stroke outcome.
No preview · Article · Mar 2011 · Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry