[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives:
Little is known about the dietary patterns among stroke patients in India. We explored the dietary patterns in stroke patients and attempted to correlate the dietary patterns with stroke characteristics.
This hospital-based study was carried out in a tertiary referral centre in Northwest India from March 2008 to September 2009. All first ever stroke (ischaemic and hemorrhagic) patients were interviewed by the dietician using an oral diet questionnaire. The demographic information and risk factors were noted and outcome was assessed after 30 days using modified Rankin scale (≤2 = good outcome).
A total of 210 stroke patients were enrolled. The mean age was 60 ± 14 years and 126 (60%) patients were men. Hypertension (167 (79.5%)) was the major risk factor. All patients consumed cereals and beverages. Consumption of other food items in the diet were as follows: milk and milk products (203 (96.7%)), saturated fats (butter, butter oil, cream) (133 (63.3%)), bakery items (139 (66.2%)), fried snacks (116 (55.2%)), fruits (96 (45.7%)), and juices (20 (9.5%)). Large proportion of the patients (112 (53.6%)) consumed more food calories than recommended. Use of fried snacks was significant in patients who consumed alcohol (P = 0.03) and patients who had diabetes mellitus were more likely to use saturated fats (P = 0.01).
Majority of the patients consumed milk and milk products. Fruits and juices were consumed by a small proportion of patients. Our results provide opportunities for stroke prevention by diet modification.
No preview · Article · Feb 2013 · Nutritional Neuroscience
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The prognosis and final outcome in patients who sustain stroke are significantly affected by medical complications occurring during the acute phase of stroke. Only limited information is available from India and other developing countries regarding acute complications of stroke. This study examined the frequency of acute stroke and the factors associated with complications of stroke in India. In this prospective multicenter study, running from March 2008 to September 2009, 6 hospitals collected information on complications of first-ever stroke during admission. Complications were defined in accordance with standard criteria. Outcome at 30 days poststroke was assessed using the modified Rankin Scale. Stroke characteristics, length of hospital stay, and stroke severity (based on the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale) were documented. Hematologic (ie, hemoglobin) and biochemical (ie, total proteins and albumin) parameters also were obtained. A total of 449 patients out of the recruited 476 completed follow-up. The mean age was 58.1 ± 13.7 years (range, 16-96 years), and the majority were men (n = 282; 62.8%). The mean National Institutes of Stroke Scale score was 10.2 ± 5.3. Overall, 206 patients (45.9%) experienced complications during admission. In the logistic regression analysis, limb weakness (odds ratio [OR], 0.12; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.02-0.67; P = .01), anemia (OR, 0.35; 95% CI, 0.15-0.81; P = .01), length of hospital stay (OR, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.85-0.94; P < .0001), and stroke severity (OR, 0.27; 95% CI, 0.10-0.72; P = .01) were the variables associated with complications. Such complications as urinary tract infection (OR, 0.31; 95% CI, 0.13-0.78; P = .01), chest infection (OR, 1.81; 95% CI, 1.12-2.93; P = .02), bedsores (OR, 3.52; 95% CI, 1.02-12.08; P = .05), other pain (OR, 0.21; 95% CI, 0.09-0.49; P < .0001), and depression (OR, 2.22; 95% CI, 1.30-3.80; P < .01) were associated with poor outcome. Our study shows high rates of complication in acute stroke. Limb weakness, stroke severity, length of hospital stay, and anemia were the factors associated with complications. Other complications, such as urinary tract infection, chest infection, bedsores, other pain, and depression, can lead to poor outcome.
No preview · Article · Apr 2011 · Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases: the official journal of National Stroke Association
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Little is known about the impact of premorbid undernutrition on stroke outcome in developing countries.
To study the impact of premorbid undernutrition status, measured by the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) tool, on short term stroke outcome.
First ever stroke patients admitted to six major hospitals in North and South India participated in this study from 1 March 2008 to 30 September 2009. The SGA tool was administered within 48 h of stroke onset, and 6 months premorbid nutritional status was rated as well nourished (A rating) and undernourished (B and C ratings) using this tool. Stroke outcome was assessed after 30 days using the modified Rankin scale (mRs), and a mRs score >3 was defined as a poor outcome. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS Statistics V.17.0.
Of 477 patients enrolled, 448 patients were included in the analyses. Mean age was 58.1±13.7 years (range 16-96) and 281 (62.7%) patients were men. At admission, premorbid undernutrition was found in 121 (27.2%) patients. Older age (OR 4.99, CI 1.26 to 19.64, p=0.021), hypertension (OR 1.99, CI 1.04 to 3.79, p=0.037) and patients from Andhra Pradesh State (OR 1.87, CI 1.05 to 3.32, p=0.032) were predictors of undernutrition in multiple logistic regression analysis. Premorbid undernutrition (OR 1.99, CI 1.20 to 3.31, p=0.007) and length of hospital stay (OR 3.41, CI 1.91 to 6.06, p<0.0001) were the independent predictors of poor outcome in the multiple logistic regression model.
High rates of premorbid undernutrition in stroke patients were found. Age, hypertension and patients from Andhra Pradesh State were predictors of premorbid undernutrition. Premorbid undernutrition was associated with poor stroke outcome. The results provide opportunities for primary prevention and improving stroke outcome.
No preview · Article · Mar 2011 · Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry